# Reasoning

Four political parties W, X, Y and Z decided to set up a joint candidate for the coming parliamentary elections. The formula agreed by them was the acceptance of a candidate of the most of the parties. For aspiring candidates A, B, C and D approached the parties for their ticket.

• A was acceptable to W but not Z
• B was acceptable to Y but not X
• C was acceptable to W and Y
• D was acceptable to W and X

When candidate B was preferred by W and Z, candidate C was preferred by X and Z and candidate A was acceptable to X but not Y: Who got the ticket?

1. A
2. B
3. C
4. D

In five flats, one above the other, live five professionals. The professor has to go up to meet his IAS officer friend. The doctor is equally friendly to all, and has to go up as frequently as go down. The engineer has to go up to meet his MLA friend above whose flat lives the professor's friend.

From the ground floor to the top floor, in what order do the five professionals live?

1. IAS officer, Engineer, Doctor, Professor, MLA
2. Engineer, Professor, Doctor, IAS officer, MLA
3. Professor, Engineer, Doctor, MLA, IAS officer
4. Professor, Engineer, Doctor, IAS officer, MLA

A, B, C, D and E belong to five different cities P, Q, R, S and T (not necessarily in that order). Each one of them comes from a different city. Further it is given that:

• 1. B and C do not belong to Q
• 2. B and E do not belong to P and R
• 3. A and C do not belong to R, S and T
• 4. D and E do not belong to Q and T

Which one of the following statements is not correct?

1. B belongs to S
2. C belongs to P
3. D belongs to R
4. A belongs to Q

Five people A, B, C, D and E are seated about a round table. Every chair is spaced equidistant from adjacent chairs.

• (i) C is seated next to A
• (ii) A is seated two seats from D
• (iii) B is not seated next to A

Which of the following must be true?

• (I) D is seated next to B
• (II) E is seated next to A

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

1. I only
2. II only
3. Both I and II
4. Neither I nor II

Four friends A, B, C and D distribute some money among themselves in such a manner that A gets one less than B, C gets 5 more than D, D gets 3 more than B. who gets the smallest amount?'

1. A
2. B
3. C
4. D

Geeta is older than her cousin Meena. Meena's brother Bipin is older than Geeta. When Meena and Bipin visit Geeta, they like to play chess. Meena wins the game more often than Geeta.

Based on the above information, four conclusions, as given below, have been made. Which one of these logically follows from the information given above?

1. Geeta hates to lose the game.
2. Geeta is the oldest among the three.
3. While playing chess with Geeta and Meena, Bipin often loses.
4. Meena is the youngest of the three.

Seven men, A, B, C, D, E, F and G are standing in a queue in that order. Each one is wearing a cap of a different colour like violet, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange and red. D is able to see in front of him green and blue, but not violet. E can see violet and yellow, but not red. G can see caps of all colours other than orange. If E is wearing an indigo coloured cap, then the colour of the cap worn by F is

1. Blue
2. Orange
3. Red
4. Violet

The music director of a film wants to select four persons to work on different aspects of a composition of a piece of music. Seven persons are available for this work; they are Rohit, Tanya, Shobha, Kaushak, Kunal, Mukesh and Jaswant.

Rohit and Tanya will not work together. Kunal and Shobha will not work together. Mukesh and Kunal want to work together.

Which of the following is the most acceptable group of people that can be selected by the music director?

1. Tanya, Kaushal, Shobha and Rohit
2. Tanya, Mukesh, Kunal and Jaswant
3. Rohit, Shobha, Kunal and Kaushal
4. Shobha, Tanya, Rohit and Mukesh

A cube of side 12 cm is painted red on all the faces and then cut into smaller cubes, each of side 3 cm. What is the total number of smaller cubes having none of their faces painted?

1. 24
2. 12
3. 16
4. 8

Six engineers Anthony, Brad, Carla, Dinesh, Evan and Frank are offered jobs at six different locations - England, Germany, India, Australia, Singapore and UAE. The jobs offered are in six different branches, and are based on their competence as well as preference. The branches are IT, Mechanical, Chemical, Electronics, Metallurgy and Electrical, though not necessarily in the same order. Their placements are subject to the following conditions:

1. The engineer in the Electrical Department is not placed in Germany.
2. Anthony is placed in Singapore while Dinesh in UAE.
3. Frank is not in the Metallurgy Department but Brad is in the Chemical Department.
4. Evan is placed in the Mechanical Department while Frank is offered a job in Australia.
5. The only department offering jobs in India is the Chemical Department while there are no vacancies for IT in Singapore.
6. Anthony is interested in IT and Electrical Department while Frank is interested in IT and Mechanical Department. Both of them settle for the options available based on their interests in the locations allotted to them.
7. In recent years, UAE has emerged as a hub for metallurgy exports and thus recruitment is done for the same while all mechanical posts are in England.

1. Who joined the Electronics Department?

1. Dinesh
2. Anthony
3. Carla

2. The person placed in UAE is in the which Department?

1. Electronics
2. Mechanical
3. Metallurgy
4. Chemical

3. Out of the following, which is the correct combination?

1. Anthony-Germany-Electrical
3. Evan-England-Electronics
4. Frank-Australia-Metallurgy

4. Who joined the IT Department in Australia?

1. Frank
2. Carla
3. Evan

5. Which combination is true for Dinesh?

1. India-Electrical
2. UAE-Electronics
3. England-Metallurgy
4. UAE-Metallurgy

Due to astrological reasons, a mother named all her daughters with the alphabet K as Kamla, Kamlesh, Kriti, Kripa, Kranti and Kalpana.

1. Kamla is not the tallest while Kripa is not the most qualified.
2. The shortest is the most qualified amongst them all.
3. Kalpana is more qualified than Kamlesh who is more qualified than Kriti.
4. Kamla is less qualified than Kamlesh but is taller than Kamlesh.
5. Kalpana is shorter than Kriti but taller than Kranti.
6. Kriti is more qualified than Kamla while Kamlesh is taller than Kriti.
7. Kripa is the least qualified amongst the daughters.

1. Who is the third tallest starting in decreasing order of height?

1. Kamla
2. Kamlesh
3. Kriti
4. Kranti

2. Who is the most qualified?

1. Kamlesh
2. Kriti
3. Kripa
4. Kranti

3. What is the rank of Kriti in increasing order of qualification?

1. 2
2. 3
3. 5
4. 4

4. What is the rank of Kamla in increasing order of height?

1. 3
2. 5
3. 4
4. 2

Alex walks 1 mile towards East and then he turns towards South and walks further 5 miles. After that he turns East and walks 2 miles further. Finally he turns to his North and walks 9 miles. How far is he from the starting point?

1. 25 miles
2. 2 miles
3. 5 miles
4. 4 miles

A, B, C, D and E are members of the same family. There are two fathers, two sons, two wives, three males and two females. The teacher was the, wife of a lawyer who was the son of a doctor. E is not male, neither also a wife of a professional. C is the youngest person in the family and D is the eldest. B is a male.

1. How is D related to E?

1. Son
2. Father
3. Wife
4. Husband

2. Who are the females in the group?

1. C and E
2. E and A
3. D and E
4. C and D

3. Whose wife is the teacher?

1. A
2. B
3. C
4. D

In a survey regarding a proposal measure to be introduced, 2878 person took part of which 1652 were males. 1226 persons voted against the proposal of which 796 were males. 1425 persons voted for the proposal. 196 females were undecided.

1. How many females voted for the proposal?

1. 624
2. 430
3. 600
4. 640

2. How many females were not in favour the proposal?

1. 430
2. 1226
3. 586
4. 496

How many males were undecided?

1. 31
2. 426
3. 227
4. 581

Guest lectures on five subjects viz., Economics, History, Statistics, English and Mathematics have to be arranged in a week from Monday to Friday. Only one lecture can be arranged on each day. Economics cannot be scheduled on Tuesday. Guest faculty for History is available only on Tuesday. Mathematics lecture has to be scheduled immediately after the day of Economics lecture. English lecture has to be scheduled immediately before the day of Economics lecture.

1. Which lecture is scheduled before the Mathematics lecture?

1. History
2. English
3. Statistics
4. Economics

2. Which lecture is the last one in the week?

1. Economics
2. English
3. Mathematics
4. History

3. Which lecture is scheduled on Monday?

1. History
2. Economics
3. Statistics
4. Mathematics

4. Which lecture is scheduled on Wednesday?

1. History
2. Statistics
3. English
4. Economics

5. Which lecture is scheduled between Statistics and English?

1. History
2. Mathematics
3. Economics
4. No lecture

Five cities P, Q, R, S and T are connected by different modes of transport as follows:

• P and R are connected by boat only
• S and R are connected by bus and boat
• P and Q are connected by boat as well as rail
• Q and T are connected by air only
• T and R are connected by rail and bus

1. Which more of transport would help one to reach R starting from Q, but without changing the mode of transport?

1. Rail
2. Boat
3. Air
4. Bus

2. If a person visits each of the places starting from P and gets back to P, which of the following places must he visit twice?

1. R
2. S
3. Q
4. T

3. Which of the following pairs of cities is connected by any of the routes directly without going to any other city?

1. Q and R
2. P and T
3. T and S
4. None of these

4. Between which two cities among the pairs of cities given below are there maximum travel options available?

1. Q and S
2. P and R
3. Q and R
4. P and T

A tennis coach is trying to put together a team of four players for the forthcoming tournament. For this 7 players are available: males A, B and C; and females W, X, Y and Z. All players have equal capability and at least 2 males will be there in the team. For a team of four, all players must be able to play with each other. But, B cannot play with W, C cannot play with Z and W cannot play with Y.

1. If Y is selected and B is rejected, the team will consist of which one of the following groups?

1. A, W, Y and Z
2. A, C, W and Y
3. A, C, Y and Z
4. A, C, X and Y

2. B is selected and Y is rejected, the team will consist of which one of the following groups?

1. A, B, C and X
2. A, B, C and W
3. A, W, Y and Z
4. A, B, C and Z

3. If all the three males are selected, then how many combinations of four member teams are possible?

1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4

Examine carefully the following statements and answer the three items that follow:

Out of four friends A, B, C and D, A and B play football and cricket, B and C play cricket and hockey, A and D play basketball and football, C and D play hockey and basketball.

1. Who does not play hockey?

1. A
2. B
3. C
4. D

2. Who plays football, basketball and hockey?

1. A
2. B
3. C
4. D

3. Which game do B, C and D play?

1. Cricket
3. Football
4. Hockey

Consider the following three statements:

1. Only students can participate in the race.
2. Some participants in the race are girls.
3. All girl participants in the race are invited for coaching.

Which one of the following conclusions can be drawn from the above statements?

1. All students are invited for coaching.
2. All participants in the race are students.
3. All participants in the race are invited for coaching.
4. None of these

Examine the following statements:

1. None but the rich ran afford air-travel.
2. Some of those who travel by air become sick.
3. Some of those who become sick require treatment.

Which one of the following conclusions can be drawn from the above statements?

1. All the rich persons become sick.
2. All those who travel by air are rich.
3. Those who travel by air become sick.
4. All the rich persons travel by air.

Consider the following statements:

1. All artists are whimsical.
2. Some artists are drug addicts.
3. Frustrated people are prone to become drug addicts.

From the above three statements it may be concluded that:

1. Whimsical people are generally frustrated.
2. All frustrated people are drug addicts.
3. Artists are frustrated.
4. Some drug addicts are whimsical.

Examine the following statements:

1. None but students are the members of the club.
2. Some members of the club are married.
3. All married persons are invited for dance.

Which one of the conclusions can be drawn from the above statements?

1. All members of the club are married person
2. All married students are invited for dance
3. All students are invited for dance
4. None of these

Directions: There are four statements. Of these four statements, two cannot both be true, but both can be false. Study the statements carefully and identify the two that satisfy above condition.

Examine the following statements:

1. All animals are carnivorous.
2. Some animals are not carnivorous.
3. Animals are not carnivorous.
4. Some animals are carnivorous.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

1. 1 and 2
2. 3 and 4
3. 2 and 3
4. 1 and 3

Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

Seven varsity basketball players (A, B, C, D, E, F, and G) are to be honoured at a special luncheon. The players will be seated on the dais in a row. A and G have to leave the luncheon early and so must be seated at the extreme right. B will receive the most valuable player's trophy and so must be in the centre to facilitate presentation. C and D are bitter rivals and therefore must be seated as far apart as possible.

1. Which of the following cannot be seated at either end?

1. F
2. G
3. C
4. D

2. Which of the following pairs cannot be seated together?

1. D & G
2. C & F
3. B & D
4. E & A

Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

Anju, Bimla, Charu and Dimple stay in the same colony and study in different schools. Their schools are in North, South, East and West direction w.r.t. the colony in no particular order. Anju’s school and Bimla’s school are located in opposite directions while Dimple’s school is located 90° clockwise w.r.t. Bimla’s school. The distance of the four schools from the colony is 100 units, 150 units, 200 units and 250 units in no particular order. Dimple’s school is located in West. Anju’s school is not the one closest to the colony while Charu’s school is closer to the colony than Dimple’s school. The school located in South is farthest from the colony.

1. If the school located in North is closer to the colony than the school located in West, then who studies in the school located at a distance of 150 units from the colony?

1. Bimla
2. Charu
3. Anju
4. Dimple

2. If Anju’s school is the one located at a distance of 200 units from the colony, then how far from the colony is the school located in West?

1. 100 units
2. 150 units
3. 200 units
4. 250 units

Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

A jeweller has 8 beads which he wants to use in making a necklace. There are 3 different beads of Red color - Striped Red, Matt Red and Sparkling Red. Similarly, there are 3 different beads of Blue color - Striped Blue, Matt Blue and Sparkling Blue. The other two beads are Green and Yellow in color respectively.

The conditions given below must be followed while making the necklace.

1. Striped Red and Striped Blue beads must always be put adjacent to each other.
2. Green and Yellow beads must always be put adjacent to each other.
3. No two beads of same color should be put adjacent to each other.

1. If none of the other two Red beads is to be put opposite the Striped Red bead then which of the following statements can be true?

2. If one of the other two Red beads is to be put opposite the Striped Red bead then which of the following statements can never be true?

1. The Yellow bead is put opposite the Striped Blue bead and the Sparkling Red bead is put opposite the Sparkling Blue bead.

Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

Four friends - Vikrant, Vikram, Jasneet and Saurabh - were born in four different months – January, March, July and December – of the same year, not necessarily in the same order. Each friend has a distinct surname among Joshi, Singh, Gupta and Agarwal, not necessarily in the same order. It is also known that:

1. Vikrant is younger than Gupta.
2. Jasneet was not born in December.
3. Saurabh, who is not the youngest, was not born in March.
4. Joshi is not the youngest and was also not born in January.
5. Vikram was born before Vikrant but after Agarwal.
6. Agarwal was not born in January.

1. Who among the four friends is the youngest?

1. Vikram Gupta
2. Vikrant Singh
3. Vikrant Joshi
4. Cannot be determined

2. Who among the four friends was born in March?

1. Jasneet Agarwal
2. Saurabh Gupta
3. Vikram Gupta
4. Cannot be determined

Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

Seven books, two each of Mathematics and Chemistry and three of Physics, are to be placed in order on a shelf. The two Mathematics books are of Algebra and Geometry, the two Chemistry books are of Organic and Inorganic and the three Physics books are of Kinetics, Thermodynamics and Electromagnetics.

The following conditions are to be kept in mind while placing the books:

1. All the books of a subject must be placed together.
2. The Chemistry books should be placed between Mathematics and Physics books.
3. The Thermodynamics book must be placed before the Electromagnetics book.
4. The Algebra book must be placed before the Geometry book.

1. If the Electromagnetics book is placed immediately before the Kinetics book, then which of the following statements may be true?

1. The Geometry book is placed at the seventh position.
2. The Thermodynamics book is placed at the second position.
3. The Thermodynamics book is placed at the third position.
4. The Geometry book is placed at the sixth position.

2. If a Chemistry book is placed adjacent to the Thermodynamics book, then which of the following statements must be false?

1. The Electromagnetics book is placed before the Kinetics book.
2. The Inorganic book is placed before the Thermodynamics book.
3. The Kinetics book is placed before the Geometry book.
4. The Kinetics book is placed before the Electromagnetics book.

Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

Four teams - Alveston, Blackpool, Chelsea and Dunstable - reached the semifinal stage in a football tournament. Two of the four teams played against each other in the first semifinal and the rest two played against each other in the second semifinal. The winners of these two matches played the final and the winner of the final match was declared the Champion of the tournament. The following observations were made during the semifinals and the final match:

1. Ten goals were scored in the three matches. At least one goal was scored by each of the four teams. Each team scored a distinct number of goals.
2. The team that scored the maximum number of goals in the three matches was not the Champion of the tournament.
3. Alveston did not play against Blackpool but Chelsea played against Dunstable.
4. Neither Blackpool nor Dunstable was the Champion of the tournament. The absolute difference between the total goals scored by these two teams in the three matches was 2.

1. How many goals were scored in the final match of the tournament?

1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4

2. How many goals did the Champion of the tournament score in its semifinal match?

1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4

Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

A, B, C, D, E, and F are a group of friends. There are two housewives, one professor, one engineer, one accountant and one lawyer in the group. There are only two married couples in the group. The lawyer is married to D, who is a housewife. No woman in the group is either an engineer or an accountant. C, the accountant, is married to F, who is a professor. A is married to a housewife. E is not a housewife.

1. Which of the following is one of the married couples?

1. A & D
2. D & E
3. B & E
4. A & B

2. What is E's profession?

1. Professor
2. Engineer
3. Lawyer
4. Accountant

3. How many members of the group are males?

1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4