Future Tense

Use the future tense for things that have not happened yet, but are going to happen. Use the verbs shall and will as helping verbs or auxiliary verbs to form the future tense. Use shall or will with I and we. Use will with you, he, she, it and they.

  • I shall be eight years old next year.
  • They will finish the job next week.
  • The weatherman says it will rain this afternoon.
  • We shall play a game of chess after lunch.
  • You will be sick if you eat too much.
  • I hope it won’t rain tomorrow.
  • Sharon is ill. She will not be at the party.
  • You will enjoy visiting New Zealand.
  • Dad will be back for dinner.
  • He will make lots of friends at his new school.

To make the negative form, use will and shall with not. The contraction for will not is won’t.

  • I will not help you unless you help me first.
  • It won’t be very sunny again until next summer.
  • You won’t like this food. It’s horrible!
  • We shall not go to the party without you.

Other Methods for Future

There are other ways of talking about future actions and happenings.

You can use going to.

  • I think I’m going to be sick.
  • We are going to bake a cake this afternoon.
  • I’m sure Mom and Dad are going to be proud of me.
  • When are you going to clean your room?
  • They are going to wash the car for Dad.
  • It is going to get dark very soon.

You can also use the simple present tense to talk about things that have been arranged for the future.

  • The bus leaves in ten minutes.
  • The new supermarket opens tomorrow.
  • James moves to the second grade next year.
  • The new school year starts on Monday.
  • Next month I go to summer camp.
  • We have a history test next week.