Imperialism and Colonialism

Industrial Revolution brought social and economic changes that transformed the agricultural society to a modern industrial society. The industrialised nations needed raw materials for their industries as well as markets for their finished good.

The resulted in colonization of under developed countries. This transformed the industrial nations into imperialists and led to rivalry amongst them for supremacy. This imperialism and rivalry led to World Wars.

Industrial Revolution

Textile Industry

Textile Industry was the first one with mass production.

Steam Engine

Steyewron invented the steam engine. In 1764, James Watt improved upon the design and improved the efficiency of the stream engine fourfold.

Coal and Iron

The steam engine, coal and iron laid the foundations for modern Industry.

Transportation and Communication

In 1700 bridges and roads were constructed. Soon steam engine and railways were transporting goods over tracks throughout England & supporting canal transportation.

The invention of telegraph and telephone made it possible to communicate in the world.

Rise of Imperialism and Colonialism

The main feature of Imperialism was that it drained out the wealth resources from the colonies and transferred them to the imperialist countries.

Imperialism in Africa: 1880 and 1910

Imperialism in Asia

China: Opium war and its defeat

Japan: The Meiji Restoration began in 1868.

Sri Lanka was occupied by the Portuguese, then by the Dutch and later by the British.

Impact Of Imperialism

It drained both Asia and Africa of their wealth, raw materials and the exploited their markets by selling their industrial goods, imperialist countries thereby destroying the economy of these colonies. In India, they destroyed prosperous economy.