Verbs

Most verbs describe actions, so they are called action verbs. Action verbs tell you what people, animals or things are doing.

Common Action Verbs: knock, burst, climb, read, dig, drop, act, jump, bake, move, bend, pull, buy, run, close, shout, cook, sing, cross, sit, fall, slide, fly, stand, go, grow, start, swim, hop, walk

Am, Is and Are

The words am, is, are are also verbs, but they are not action words. They are the simple present tense of the verb be. Use am with the pronoun I, and is with the pronouns he, she and it. Use are with the pronouns you, we and they.

  • It is a donkey. It is not a horse.
  • It is very hot today. It is not very comfortable.
  • I am Peter. I am not Paul.
  • She is Miss Lee. She is a teacher.
  • He is my father. He is a doctor. He is not a lawyer.
  • You are a stranger. You are not my friend.
  • We are in the same class, but we are not on the same team.
  • They are good friends. They are not enemies.

Use the verb is with singular nouns and are with plural nouns.

  • The camel is a desert animal.
  • Lambs are baby sheep.
  • Vegetables and fruit are healthy foods.
  • Kenneth is a lawyer.
  • Rex is a clever dog.
  • A duck is a kind of bird.
  • The playground is full of people today.
  • My house is near the school.
  • These questions are too difficult.
  • The balloons are very colorful.
  • Those people are very busy.
  • Dad and Mom are in the kitchen.

Use is and are with the word there to say what you can see and hear.

  • There is a castle on the hill.
  • There are some clouds in the sky.
  • There is a wasps' nest in the tree.
  • There is a fence around the school.
  • There are a lot of books in the library.
  • There are two guards at the gate.
  • Is there any food in the fridge?
  • Are there any apples left on the tree?
  • How much rice is there?
  • There are a few sharks in the bay.
  • There are enough candies for everyone, aren’t there?
  • There are two pigeons on the roof.