CAT Questions

Averages Quant Sets

In a class of 60, along with English as a common subject, students can opt to major in Mathematics, Physics, Biology or a combination of any two. 6 students major in both Mathematics and Physics, 15 major in both Physics and Biology, but no one majors in both Mathematics and Biology. In an English test, the average mark scored by students majoring in Mathematics is 45 and that of students majoring in Biology is 60. However, the combined average mark in English, of students of these two majors, is 50. What is the maximum possible number of students who major ONLY in Physics?

  1. 30
  2. 25
  3. 20
  4. 15
  5. None of the above

Averages

The average height of 22 toddlers increases by 2 inches when two of them leave this group. If the average height of these two toddlers is one-third the average height of the original 22, then the average height, in inches, of the remaining 20 toddlers is

  1. 30
  2. 28
  3. 32
  4. 26

Percentages

A report consists of 20 sheets each of 55 lines and each such line consist of 65 characters. This report is retyped into sheets each of 65 lines such that each line consists of 70 characters. The percentage reduction in number of sheets is closest to

  1. 5
  2. 20
  3. 30
  4. 35

Percentages

If a quantity is increased by 20% and then decreased by 10%, then what is the net increase or decrease?

  1. 10% Decrease
  2. 10% Increase
  3. 8% Increase
  4. 8% Decrease

Percentages

In a stockpile of products produced by three machines M1, M2 and M3, 40% and 30% were manufactured by M1 and M2 respectively. 3% of the products of M1 are defective, 1% of products of M2 defective, while 95% of the products of M3 are not defective. What is the percentage of defective in the stockpile?

  1. 5%
  2. 4%
  3. 3%
  4. 2.5%

Percentages

The pre-paid recharge of Airtel gives 21% less talk time than the same price pre-paid recharge of Vodafone. The post-paid talk time of Airtel is 12% more than its pre-paid recharge, having the same price. Further, the post-paid talk time of same price of Vodafone is 15% less than its pre-paid recharge. How much percent less / more talk time can one get from the Airtel post-paid service compared to the post-paid service of Vodafone?

  1. 3.9% more
  2. 4.7% less
  3. 4.7% more
  4. 2.8% less

Percentages

As a strategy towards retention of customers, the service centre of a split AC machine manufacturer offers discount as per the following rule: for the second service in a year, the customer can avail of a 10% discount; for the third and fourth servicing within a year, the customer can avail of 11% and 12% discounts respectively of the previous amount paid, Finally, if a customer gets more than four services within a year, he has to pay just 55% of the original servicing charges. If Rohan has availed 5 services from the same service centre in a given year, the total percentage discount availed by him is approximately

  1. 16.52
  2. 20.88
  3. 22.33
  4. 24.08

Percentages

Out of the shirts produced in a factory, 15% are defective, while 20% of the rest are sold in the domestic market. If the remaining 8840 shirts are left for export, then the number of shirts produced in the factory is

  1. 13600
  2. 13000
  3. 13400
  4. 14000

Percentages

In a village, the production of food grains increased by 40% and the per capita production of food grains increased by 27% during a certain period. The percentage by which the population of the village increased during the same period is nearest to 

  1. 16
  2. 13
  3. 10
  4. 7

Ratio Proportion

A fraction, which bears the same ratio to 1/27, that 3/11 does to 5/9, is equal to

  1. 1/11
  2. 3/11
  3. 1/55
  4. 55

Ratio Proportion

A, B and C enter into a partnership and their shares are in ratio 1/2 : 1/3 : 1/4, after 2 months, A withdraws half of his capital and after 10 months, a profit of Rs 378 is divided among them. What is B's share?

  1. Rs 124
  2. Rs 144
  3. Rs 156
  4. Rs 165

Ratio Proportion

From each of the two given numbers, half the smaller number is subtracted. Of the resulting numbers the larger one is three times as large as the smaller. What is the ratio of the two numbers?

  1. 2 : 3
  2. 3 : 2
  3. 3 : 1
  4. 2 : 1

Ratio Proportion

In a certain examination, the number of students who passed, was three times the number of those who were rejected. If there had been 16 fewer candidates and if six more had been rejected, the number of those who passed and of those who were rejected would have been in the ratio 2 : 1. Find the number of candidates?

  1. 120
  2. 130
  3. 136
  4. 156

Ratio Proportion

The sum of three numbers is 98. If the ratio of the first to the second is 2 : 3 and that of the second to the third is 5 : 8, then the second number is

  1. 20
  2. 30
  3. 48
  4. 58

Ratio Proportion

A milkman mixes 20 litres of water with 80 litres of milk. After selling one-fourth of this mixture, he adds water to replenish the quantity that he had sold. What is the current proportion of water to milk?

  1. 3 : 4
  2. 2 : 3
  3. 1 : 3
  4. 1 : 2

Ratio Proportion

A milkman mixes 20 L of water with 80 L of milk. After selling one-fourth of this mixture, he adds water to replenish the quantity that he has sold. What is the current proportion of water to milk?

  1. 2 : 3
  2. 1 : 2
  3. 1 : 3
  4. 2 : 1

Ratio Proportion

If a, b, c are three positive integers such that a and b are in the ratio 3 : 4 while b and c are in the ratio 2 : 1, then which one of the following is a possible value of (a + b + c)?

  1. 201
  2. 205
  3. 207
  4. 210

Time Distance

A train 280 m long is moving at a speed of 60 kmph. What is the time taken by the train to cross a platform 220 m long?

  1. 45 s
  2. 40 s
  3. 35 s
  4. 30 s

Time Distance

A and B walk from X to Y, a distance of 27 km at 5 kmph and 7 kmph respectively. B reaches Y and immediately turns back meeting A at Z. What is the distance from X to Z?

  1. 24 km
  2. 25 km
  3. 20 km
  4. 22.5 km

Time Distance

A man can walk up a moving 'up' escalator in 30 s. The same man can walk down this moving 'up' escalator in 90 s. Assume that his walking speed is same upwards and downwards. How much time will he take to walk up the escalator, when it is not moving?

  1. 30 s
  2. 45 s
  3. 60 s
  4. 90 s

Time Distance

A man travels from A to B at a speed x km/hr. He then rests at B for x hours. He then travels from B to C at a speed 2x km/hr and rests for 2x hours. He moves further to D at a speed twice as that between B and C. He thus reaches D in 16 hr. If distances A-B, B-C and C-D are all equal to 12 km, the time for which he rested at B could be

  1. 2 hr
  2. 3 hr
  3. 4 hr
  4. 6 hr

Time Distance

A train can travel 50% faster than a car. Both start from point A at the same time and reach point B, 75 kms away from A at the same time. On the way, however, the train lost about 12.5 minutes while stopping at the stations. The speed of the car is:

  1. 100 kmph
  2. 110 kmph
  3. 120 kmph
  4. 130 kmph

Time Distance

In a watch, the minute hand crosses the hour hand for the third time exactly after every 3 hr 18 min and 15 s of watch time. What is the time gained or lost by this watch in one day?

  1. 13 min 50 s lost
  2. 14 min 40 s gained
  3. 14 min 10 s lost
  4. 13 min 20 s gained

Time Distance

Two boats, traveling at 5 and 10 kms per hour, head directly towards each other. They begin at a distance of 20 kms from each other. How far apart are they (in kms) one minute before they collide?

  1. 1/6
  2. 1/4
  3. 1/3
  4. 1/12

Time Distance

If a man cycles at 10 km/hr, then he arrives at a certain place at 1 PM. If he cycles at 15 km/hr, he will arrive at the same place at 11 AM. At what speed must he cycle to get there at noon?

  1. 11 km/hr
  2. 12 km/hr
  3. 13 km/hr
  4. 14 km/hr

Time Distance

In a flight of 600 km, an aircraft was slowed down due to bad weather. Its average speed for the trip was reduced by 200 km/hr and the time of flight increased by 30 minutes. The duration of the flight is:

  1. 1 hour
  2. 2 hours
  3. 3 hours
  4. 4 hours

Time Distance

It takes eight hours for a 600 km journey, if 120 km is done by train and the rest by car. It takes 20 minutes more, if 200 km is done by train and the rest by car. The ratio of the speed of the train to that of the cars is:

  1. 2 : 3
  2. 3 : 4
  3. 4 : 3
  4. 3 : 2

Time Distance

It takes the pendulum of a clock 7 seconds to strike 4 o'clock. How much time will it take to strike 11 o'clock?

  1. 18 seconds
  2. 19.25 seconds
  3. 20 seconds
  4. 23.33 seconds

Time Distance

Excluding stoppages, the speed of a bus is 54 kmph and including stoppages, it is 45 kmph. For how many minutes does the bus stop per hour?

  1. 9
  2. 10
  3. 12
  4. 20

Time Distance

An express train travelling at 80 km/hr overtakes a goods train, twice as long and going at 40 km/hr on a parallel track, in 54 s. How long will the express train take to cross a platform of 400 m long?

  1. 18 s
  2. 27 s
  3. 36 s
  4. 45 s

Time Distance

A chartered bus carrying office employees travels everyday in two shifts - morning and evening. In the evening, the bus travels at an average speed which is 50% greater than the morning average speed; but takes 50% more time than the amount of time it takes in the morning. The average speed of the chartered bus for the entire journey is greater/less than its average speed in the morning by

  1. 18% less
  2. 30% greater
  3. 37.5% greater
  4. 50% less

Time Distance

A boat which has a speed of 5 km/hr in still water crosses a river of width 1 km along the shortest possible path in 15 minutes. The velocity of the river water in km/hr is?

Time Distance

Arup and Swarup leave point A at 8 AM to point B. To reach B, they have to walk the first 2 km, then travel 4 km by boat and complete the final 20 km by car. Arup and Swarup walk at a constant speed of 4 km/hr and 5 km/hr respectively. Each rows his boat for 30 minutes. Arup drives his car at a constant speed of 50 km/hr while Swarup drives at 40 km/hr. If no time is wasted in transit, when will they meet again?

  1. At 9.15 AM
  2. At 9.18 AM
  3. At 9.21 AM
  4. At 9.24 AM
  5. At 9.30 AM

Time Distance

Arun drove from home to his hostel at 60 miles per hour. While returning home he drove half way along the same route at a speed of 25 miles per hour and then took a bypass road which increased his driving distance by 5 miles, but allowed him to drive at 50 miles per hour along this bypass road. If his return journey took 30 minutes more than his onward journey, then the total distance traveled by him is

  1. 55 miles
  2. 60 miles
  3. 65 miles
  4. 70 miles

Time Distance

A motorbike leaves point A at 1 pm and moves towards point B at a uniform speed. A car leaves point B at 2 pm and moves towards point A at a uniform speed which is double that of the motorbike. They meet at 3:40 pm at a point which is 168 km away from A. What is the distance, in km, between A and B?

  1. 364
  2. 378
  3. 380
  4. 388

Time Work

X and Y can do a piece of work in 20 days and 12 days respectively. X started the work alone and then after 4 days Y joined him till the completion of the work. How long did the work last?

  1. 6 days
  2. 10 days
  3. 20 days
  4. 15 days

Time Work

A and B can do a work in 8 days, B and C can do the same work in 12 days. A, B and C together can finish it in 6 days. A and C together will do it in

  1. 8 days
  2. 6 days
  3. 4 days
  4. 12 days

Time Work

A water tank has three taps A, B, and C. A fills four buckets in 24 mins, B fills 8 buckets in 1 hour and C fills 2 buckets in 20 minutes. If all the taps are opened together a full tank is emptied in 2 hours. If a bucket can hold 5 litres of water, what is the capacity of the tank?

  1. 60 litres
  2. 120 litres
  3. 180 litres
  4. 240 litres

Time Work

A group of workers was put on a job. From the second day onwards, one worker was withdrawn each day. The job was finished when the last worker was withdrawn. Had no worker been withdrawn at any stage, the group would have finished the job in two-thirds the time. How many workers were there in the group?

  1. 2
  2. 3
  3. 5
  4. 11

Time Work

A and B together can do a piece of work in 30 days. A having worked for 16 days, B finishes the remaining work alone in 44 days. In how many days shall B finish the whole work alone?

  1. 30 days
  2. 40 days
  3. 60 days
  4. 70 days

Time Work

A group of men decided to do a job in 8 days. But since 10 men dropped out every day, the job got completed at the end of the 12th day. How many men were there at the beginning?

  1. 80
  2. 90
  3. 165
  4. 175

Time Work

A and B can do a piece of work in 30 days, while B and C can do the same work in 24 days and C and A in 20 days. They all work together for 10 days when B and C leave. How many days more will A take to finish the work?

  1. 18 days
  2. 24 days
  3. 30 days
  4. 36 days

Time Work

A and B can complete a work in 15 days and 10 days respectively. They started doing the work together but after 2 days B had to leave and A alone completed the remaining work. The whole work was completed in:

  1. 8 days
  2. 10 days
  3. 12 days
  4. 15 days

Time Work

Three machines, A, B and C can be used to produce a product. Machine A will take 60 hours to produce a million units. Machine B is twice as fast as Machine A. Machine C will take the same amount of time to produce a million units as A and B running together. How much time will be required to produce a million units if all the three machines are used simultaneously?

  1. 6 hours
  2. 8 hours
  3. 10 hours
  4. 12 hours

Time Work

Three small pumps and a large pump are filling a tank. Each of the three small pump works at 2/3 the rate of the large pump. If all four pumps work at the same time, they should fill the tank in what fraction of the time that it would have taken the large pump alone?

  1. 2/3
  2. 1/3
  3. 4/7
  4. 3/4

Time Work

Two typists undertake to do a job. The second typist begins working one hour after the first. Three hours after the first typist has begun working, there is still 9/20 of the work to be done. When the assignment is completed, it turns out that each typist has done half the work. How many hours would it take each one to do the whole job individually?

  1. 5 hr and 4 hr
  2. 12 hr and 8 hr
  3. 8 hr and 5.6 hr
  4. 10 hr and 8 hr

Time Work

A and B together can complete a piece of work in 35 days while A alone can complete the same work in 60 days. B alone will be able to complete the same working in

  1. 74 days
  2. 80 days
  3. 84 days
  4. 90 days

Time Work

A tank is connected with both inlet pipes and outlet pipes. Individually, an inlet pipe can fill the tank in 7 hours and an outlet pipe can empty it in 5 hours. If all the pipes are kept open, it takes exactly 7 hours for a completely filled-in tank to empty. If the total number of pipes connected to the tank is 11, how many of these are inlet pipes?

  1. 2
  2. 4
  3. 5
  4. 6

Time Work

Three carpenters P, Q and R are entrusted with office furniture work. P can do a job in 42 days. If Q is 26% more efficient than P and R is 50% more efficient than Q, then Q and R together can finish the job in approximately

  1. 11 days
  2. 13 days
  3. 15 days
  4. 17 days

Time Work

Four two-way pipes A, B, C and D can either fill an empty tank or drain the full tank in 4, 10, 12 and 20 minutes respectively. All four pipes were opened simultaneously when the tank is empty. Under which of the following conditions the tank would be half filled after 30 minutes?

  1. Pipe A filled and pipes B, C and D drained
  2. Pipe A drained and pipes B, C and D filled
  3. Pipes A and D drained and pipes B and C filled
  4. Pipes A and D filled and pipes B and C drained
  5. None of the above