Light - Reflection and Refraction


An object is kept 40 cm in front of a concave mirror of focal length 20 cm. Find the position and nature of the image. Draw a ray diagram to show the formation of image in this case.


An object of height 1.2 m is placed before a concave mirror of focal length 20 cm so that a real image is formed at a distance of 60 cm from it. Find the position of an object. What will be the height of the image formed?


Rohit focused the image of a candle flame on a white screen using a convex lens. He noted down the position of the candle, screen and lens as under:
Position of candle = 26.0 cm
Position of convex lens = 50.0 cm
Position of screen = 74.0 cm
i) What is the focal length of the convex lens?
ii) Where will the image be formed if he shifts the candle towards the lens at a position of 38 cm?
iii) Draw a ray diagram to show the formation of the image in case (ii) as said above?


We wish to obtain an equal sized inverted image of a candle flame on a screen kept at distance of 4 m from the candle flame.

  1. Name the type of lens that should be used.
  2. What should be the focal length of the lens and at what distance from the candle flame the lens be placed.
  3. Draw a labelled diagram to show the image formation in this case.

A 5 cm tall object is placed at a distance of 30 cm from a convex mirror of focal length 15 cm. Find the position, size and nature of the image formed.


If the image formed by a spherical mirror for all positions of the object placed in front of it is always erect and diminished, what type of mirror is it? Draw a labelled ray diagram to support your answer.


What is meant by power of a lens? Write its SI unit. A student uses a lens of focal length 40 cm and another of –20 cm. Write the nature and power of each lens.


State the laws of refraction of light. Explain the term 'absolute refractive index of a medium' and write an expression to relate it with the speed of light in vacuum.