CBSE Class 10 Questions

Acids, Bases & Salts (C10)

Definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH- ions, General properties, examples and uses, neutralization, concept of pH scale; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris

Age of Industrialisation (C10)

Before the Industrial Revolution; Hand Labour and Steam Power; Industrialization in the Colonies; Factories Come Up; The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth; Market for Goods

Agriculture (C10)

Types of Farming; Cropping Pattern; Food Security

Arithmetic Progression (C10)

Derivation of the nth term and sum of the first n terms of A.P. and their application in solving daily life problems

Carbon & its Compounds (C10)

Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series. Nomenclature, difference between saturated hydro carbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds. Ethanol and Ethanoic acid, soaps and detergents

Chemical Reactions & Equations (C10)

Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, endothermic exothermic reactions, oxidation and reduction

Control & Coordination (C10)

Tropic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones; Control and co-ordination in animals: Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action; Chemical co-ordination: animal hormones

Democracy & Diversity (C10)

Gender and Politics; Religion, Communalism and Politics; Caste and Politics

Development (C10)

What Development Promises - Different People, Different Goals; Income and Other Goals; National Development; How to compare different countries or states?; Income and other criteria; Public Facilities; Sustainability of Development

Electricity (C10)

Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R.

Geometry (C10)

Triangles and Circles

Globalisation & Indian Economy (C10)

Production across countries; Interlinking production across countries; Foreign Trade and integration of markets; What is Globalization?; Factors that have enabled Globalization; World Trade Organization; Impact of Globalization in India; The Struggle for a fair Globalization

Heredity & Evolution (C10)

Heredity; Mendel’s contribution - Laws for inheritance of traits.

Human Eye & Colourful World (C10)

Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses.

Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.

Life Lines of National Economy (C10)

Roadways; Railways; Pipelines; Waterways; Major Seaports; Airways; Communication; International Trade; Tourism as a Trade

Life Processes (C10)

Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals

Linear Equations (C10)

Pair of linear equations in two variables and graphical method of their solution, consistency/inconsistency. Algebraic conditions for number of solutions. Solution of a pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically - by substitution, by elimination

Magnetic Effects (C10)

Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left Hand Rule, Direct current. Alternating current: frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits.

Making of Global World (C10)

The Pre-modern world; The Nineteenth Century (1815-1914); The Inter war Economy; Rebuilding a World Economy: The Post-War Era

Manufacturing Industries (C10)

Importance of Manufacturing - Industrial Location, Agro based Industry, Mineral based Industries, Industrial Pollution and Environmental Degradation, Control of Environmental Degradation

Mensuration (C10)

Areas related to circles; Surface Areas and Volumes

Metals & Non-metals (C10)

Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention

Minerals & Energy Resources (C10)

What is a mineral? Mode of occurrence of Minerals; Ferrous Minerals, Non-Ferrous Minerals, Non-Metallic Minerals, Rock Minerals; Conservation of Minerals

Energy Resources - Conventional Sources of Energy, Non-Conventional Sources of Energy; Conservation of Energy Resources

Money & Credit (C10)

Money as a medium of exchange; Modern forms of Money; Loan activities of Banks; Two different Credit situations; Terms of Credit; Formal Sector Credit in India; Self Help Groups for the Poor

Nationalism in Europe (C10)

The French Revolution and the Idea of the Nation; The Making of Nationalism in Europe; The Age of Revolutions: 1830-1848; The Making of Germany and Italy; Visualizing the Nation; Nationalism and Imperialism

Nationalism in India (C10)

The First World War, Khilafat and Non - Cooperation; Differing Strands within the Movement; Towards Civil Disobedience; The Sense of Collective Belonging

Numbers (C10)

Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic; Proofs of irrationality

Our Environment (C10)

Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.

Outcomes of Democracy (C10)

How do we assess democracy’s outcomes?; Accountable, responsive and legitimate government; Economic growth and development; Reduction of inequality and poverty; Accommodation of social diversity; Dignity and freedom of the citizens

Political Parties (C10)

Why do we need Political Parties? - Meaning, Functions, Necessity; How many parties should we have?; National Parties; State Parties; Challenges to Political Parties; How can Parties be reformed?

Polynomials (C10)

Zeros of a polynomial. Relationship between zeros and coefficients of quadratic polynomials.

Power Sharing & Federalism (C10)

Power Sharing: Belgium and Sri Lanka; Why power sharing is desirable?; Forms of Power Sharing

Federalism: What is Federalism? What make India a Federal Country? How is Federalism practiced? Decentralization in India

Print Culture & Modern World (C10)

The First Printed Books; Print Comes to Europe; The Print Revolution and its Impact; The Reading Mania; The Nineteenth Century; India and the World of Print; Religious Reform and Public Debates; New Forms of Publication; Print and Censorship

Probability (C10)

Classical definition of probability. Simple problems on finding the probability of an event.

Quadratic Equations (C10)

Standard form; Solutions by factorization, and by using quadratic formula. Relationship between discriminant and nature of roots

Reflection & Refraction (C10)

Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula, magnification.

Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index. Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula; Magnification. Power of a lens

Reproduction (C10)

Reproduction in animals and plants, reproductive health - need and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Child bearing and women’s health

Resources & Development (C10)

Development of Resources; Resource Planning; Land Resources; Soil as a Resource

Sectors of Indian Economy (C10)

Sectors of Economic Activities; Comparing the three sectors; Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sectors in India; Division of sectors as organized and unorganized; Sectors in terms of ownership: Public and Private Sectors

Statistics (C10)

Mean, median and mode of grouped data

Trigonometry (C10)

Trigonometric ratios; Relationships between the ratios; Trigonometric identities; Heights and Distances

Water Resources (C10)

Water Scarcity and The Need for Water Conservation and Management; Multi-Purpose River Projects and Integrated Water Resources Management; Rainwater Harvesting