CSAT Questions

Quant PnC L1

The number of parallelograms that can be formed from a set of four parallel lines intersecting another set of four parallel lines, is

  1. 18
  2. 24
  3. 32
  4. 36


Consider the following Statements and Conclusions:


  1. Some rats are cats.
  2. Some cats are dogs.
  3. No dog is a cow.


  1. No cow is a cat.
  2. No dog is a rat.
  3. Some cats are rats.

Which of the above conclusions is/are drawn from the statements?

  1. I, II and III
  2. Only I and II
  3. Only III
  4. Only II and III


Mr 'X' has three children. The birthday of the first child falls on the 5th Monday of April, that of the second one falls on the 5th Thursday of November. On which day is the birthday of his third child, which falls on 20th December?

  1. Monday
  2. Thursday
  3. Saturday
  4. Sunday

Percentages L1

A and B are two heavy steel blocks. If B is placed on the top of A, the weight increases by 60%. How much weight will reduce with respect to the total weight of A and B, if B is removed from the top of A?

  1. 60%
  2. 45.5%
  3. 40%
  4. 37.5%


A solid cube is painted yellow, blue and black such that opposite faces are of same colour. The cube is then cut into 36 cubes of two different sizes such that 32 cubes are small and the other four cubes are Big. None of the faces of the bigger cubes is painted blue. How many cubes have only one face painted?

  1. 4
  2. 6
  3. 8
  4. 10

Numbers L1

The number of times the digit 5 will appear while writing the integers from 1 to 1000 is

  1. 269
  2. 271
  3. 300
  4. 302

UPSC Critical Reading

Around 56 million years ago, the Atlantic Ocean had not fully opened and animals, perhaps including our primate ancestors, could walk from Asia to North America through Europe and across Greenland. Earth was warmer than it is today, but as the Palaeocene epoch gave way to Eocene, it was about to get much warmer still - rapidly and radically. The cause was a massive geologically sudden release of carbon. During this period called Palaeocene - Eocene Thermal Maximum or PETM, the carbon injected into the atmosphere was roughly the amount that Would be injected today if humans burned all the Earth's reserves of coal, oil and natural gas. The PETM lasted for about 1,50,000 years, until the excess carbon was reabsorbed. It brought on drought, floods, insect plagues and a few extinctions. Life on Earth survived - indeed, it prospered - but it was drastically different.

UPSC Critical Reading

A bat's wings may look like sheets of skin. But underneath, a bat has the same five fingers as an orangutan or a human, as well as a wrist connected to the same cluster of wrist bones connected to the same long bones of the arm. What can be more curious than that the hand of a man, formed for grasping, that of a mole for digging, the leg of the horse, the-paddle of the porpoise, and the wing of the bat, should all be constructed on the some pattern?

Which one of the following is the most logical, scientific and rational inference that can be made from the above passage?

  1. Different species having similar structure of hands is an example of biodiversity.
  2. Limbs being used by different species for different kinds of work is an example of biodiversity.
  3. Man and the aforementioned animals having similar structure of limbs is an example of coincidence in evolution.
  4. Man and the aforementioned animals have a shared evolutionary history.

UPSC Critical Reading

Climate change may actually benefit some plants by lengthening growing seasons and increasing carbon dioxide. Yet other effects of a warmer world, such as more pests, droughts, and flooding, will be less benign. How will the world adapt? Researchers project that by 2050, suitable croplands for four commodities - maize, potatoes, rice and wheat - will shift, in some cases pushing farmers to plant new crops. Some farmlands may benefit from warming, but others won't. Climate alone does not dictate yields; political shifts, global demand, and agricultural practices will influence how farms fare in the future.

UPSC Critical Reading

Inequality is visible, even statistically measurable in many instances, but the economic power that drives it is invisible and not measurable. Like the force of gravity, power is the organising principle of inequality, be it of income, or wealth, gender, race, religion and region. Its effects are seen in a pervasive manner in all spheres, but the ways in which economic power pulls and tilts visible economic variables remain invisibly obscure.

On the basis of the above passage, the following assumptions have been made:

  1. Economic power is the only reason for the existence of inequality in a society.
  2. Inequality of different kinds, income, wealth, etc, reinforces power.
  3. Economic power can be analysed more through its effects than by direct empirical methods.

Which of thy above assumptions is/are valid?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

UPSC Critical Reading

Soil, in which nearly all our food grows, is a living resource that takes years to form. Yet it can vanish in minutes. Each year 75 billion tonnes of fertile soil is lost to erosion. That is alarming - and not just for food producers. Soil can trap huge quantities of carbon dioxide in the form of organic carbon and prevent it from escaping into the atmosphere.

On the basis of the above passage, the following assumptions have been made:

  1. Large scale soil erosion is a major reason for widespread food insecurity in the world.
  2. Soil erosion is mainly anthropogenic.
  3. Sustainable management of soils helps in combating climate change.

Which of the above assumptions is/are valid?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

UPSC Critical Reading

Education plays a great transformatory role in life, particularly so in this rapidly changing and globalizing world. Universities are the custodians of the intellectual capital and promoters of culture and specialized knowledge. Culture is an activity of thought, and receptiveness to beauty and human feelings. A merely well informed man is only a bore on God's earth. What we should aim at is producing men who possess both culture and expert knowledge. Their expert knowledge will give them a firm ground to start from and their culture will lead them as deep as philosophy and as high as art. Together it will impart meaning to human existence.

UPSC Critical Reading

Political theorists no doubt have to take history of injustice, for example, untouchability, seriously. The concept of historical injustice takes note of a variety of historical wrongs that continue into the present in some form or the other and tend to resist repair. Two reasons might account for resistance to repair. One, not only are the roots of injustice buried deep in history, injustice itself constitutes economic structures of exploitation, ideologies of discrimination and modes of representation. Two, the category of historical injustice generally extends across a number of wrongs such as economic deprivation, social discrimination and lack of recognition. This category is complex, not only because of the overlap between a number of wrongs, but because one or the other wrong, generally discrimination, tends to acquire partial autonomy from others. This is borne out by the history of repair in India.

Technology GK

In the context of digital technologies for entertainment consider the following statements:

  1. In Augmented Reality (AR), a simulated environment is created and the physical world is completely shut out.
  2. In Virtual Reality (VR), images generated from a computer are projected onto real-life objects or surroundings.
  3. AR allows individuals to be present in the world and improves the experience using the camera of smart-phone or PC.
  4. VR closes the world, and transposes an individual, providing complete immersion experience.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 and 4
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. 4 only

Money Banking

The money multiplier in an economy increases with which one of the following?

  1. Increase in the cash reserve ratio
  2. increase in the banking habit of the population
  3. Increase in the statutory liquidity ratio
  4. Increase in the population of the country

Indian Economy

The economic cost of food grains to the Food Corporation of India is Minimum Support Price and bonus (if any) paid to the farmers plus

  1. transportation cost only
  2. interest cost only
  3. procurement incidentals and distribution cost
  4. procurement incidentals and charges for godowns

World Economy

Which one of the following is not a sub-index of the World Bank's 'Ease of Doing Business Index'?

  1. Maintenance of law and order
  2. Paying taxes
  3. Registering property
  4. Dealing with construction permits

Technology GK

With reference to communication technologies, what is / are the difference / differences between LTE (Long-Term Evolution) and VoLTE (Voice over Long-Term Evolution)?

  1. LTE is commonly marketed as 3G and VoLTE is commonly marketed as advanced 3G.
  2. LTE is data-only technology and VoLTE is voice-only technology.

Which of the statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Money Banking

The Chairmen of public sector banks are selected by the

  1. Banks Board Bureau
  2. Reserve Bank of India
  3. Union Ministry of Finance
  4. Management of concerned bank

World Economy

With reference to Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), consider the following statements:

  1. AIIB has more than 80 member nations.
  2. India is the largest shareholder in AIIB.
  3. AIIB does not have any members from outside Asia.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Indian Economy

With reference to India's Five-Year Plans, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. From the Second Five-Year Plan, there was a determined thrust towards substitution of basic and capital good industries.
  2. The Fourth Five-Year Plan adopted the objective of correcting the earlier trend of increased concentration of wealth and economic power.
  3. In the Fifth Five-Year Plan, for the first time, the financial sector was included as an integral part of the Plan.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Money Banking

Which of the following is issued by registered foreign portfolio investors to overseas investors who want to be part of the Indian stock market without registering themselves directly?

  1. Certificate of Deposit
  2. Commercial Paper
  3. Promissory Note
  4. Participatory Note

Indian Economy

The Service Area Approach was implemented under the purview of

  1. Integrated Rural Development Programme
  2. Lead Bank Scheme
  3. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme
  4. National Skill Development Mission

GS Environment

Consider the following statements:

The Environment Protection Act, 1986 empowers the Government of India to

  1. state the requirement of public participation in the process of environmental protection, and the procedure and manner in which it is sought
  2. lay down the standards for emission or discharge of environmental pollutants from various sources

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2


Which Article of the Constitution of India safeguards one's right to marry the person of one's choice?

  1. Article 19
  2. Article 21
  3. Article 25
  4. Article 29


With reference to the Legislative Assembly of a State in India, consider the following statements:

  1. The Governor makes a customary address to Members of the House at the commencement of the first session of the year.
  2. When a State Legislature does not have a rule on a particular matter, it follows the Lok Sabha rule on that matter.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2


With reference to the Constitution of India, prohibitions or limitations or provisions contained in ordinary laws cannot act as prohibitions or limitations on the constitutional powers under Article 142. It could mean which one of the following?

  1. The decisions taken by the Election Commission of India while discharging its duties cannot be challenged in any court of law.
  2. The Supreme Court of India is not constrained in the exercise of its powers by laws made by the Parliament.
  3. In the event of grave financial crisis in the country, the President of India can declare Financial Emergency without the counsel from the Cabinet.
  4. State Legislatures cannot make laws on certain matters without the concurrence of Union Legislature.

Organisations & Policies

Consider the following statements about Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) in India:

  1. PVTGs reside in 18 States and one Union Territory.
  2. A stagnant or declining population is one of the criteria for determining PVTG status.
  3. There are 95 PVTGs officially notified in the country so far.
  4. Irular and Kanda Reddi tribes are included in the list of PVTGs.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  1. 1, 2 and 3
  2. 2, 3 and 4
  3. 1, 2 and 4
  4. 1, 3 and 4


Under which Schedule of the Constitution of India can the transfer of tribal land to private parties for mining be declared null and void?

  1. Third Schedule
  2. Fifth Schedule
  3. Ninth Schedule
  4. Twelfth Schedule


The Ninth Schedule was introduced in the Constitution of India during the prime ministership of

  1. Jawaharlal Nehru
  2. Lal Bahadur Shastri
  3. Indira Gandhi
  4. Morarji Desai


Why are dewdrops not formed on a cloudy night?

  1. Clouds absorb the radiation released from the Earth's surface.
  2. Clouds reflect back the Earth's radiation.
  3. The Earth's surface would have low temperature on cloudy nights.
  4. Clouds deflect the blowing wind to ground level.

Minerals Industries

What is common to the places known as Aliyar, Isapur and Kangsabati?

  1. Recently discovered uranium deposits
  2. Tropical rain forests
  3. Underground cave systems
  4. Water reservoirs

GS Environment

In India, the use of carbofuran, methylparathion, phorate and triazophos is viewed with apprehension. These chemicals are used as

  1. pesticides in agriculture
  2. preservatives in processed foods
  3. fruit-ripening agents
  4. moisturising agents in cosmetics


Consider the following pairs:

Glacier : River

  1. Bandarpunch : Yamuna
  2. Bara Shigri : Chenab
  3. Milam : Mandakini
  4. Siachen : Nubra
  5. Zemu : Manas

Which of the pairs given above are correctly matched?

  1. 1, 2 and 4
  2. 1, 3 and 4
  3. 2 and 5
  4. 3 and 5

World Geography

Consider the following pairs:

Sea : Bordering Country

  1. Adriatic Sea : Albania
  2. Black Sea : Croatia
  3. Caspian Sea : Kazakhstan
  4. Mediterranean Sea : Morocco
  5. Red Sea : Syria

Which of the pairs given above are correctly matched?

  1. 1, 2 and 4 only
  2. 1, 3 and 4 only
  3. 2 and 5 only
  4. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

GS Environment

Which of the following statements are correct about the deposits of methane hydrate?

  1. Global warming might trigger the release of methane gas from these deposits.
  2. Large deposits of 'methane hydrate' are found in Arctic Tundra and under the seafloor.
  3. Methane in atmosphere oxidizes to carbon dioxide after a decade or two.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Indian States

Consider the following States:

  1. Chhattisgarh
  2. Madhya Pradesh
  3. Maharashtra
  4. Odisha

With reference to the States mentioned above, in terms of percentage of forest cover to the total area of State, which one of the following is the correct ascending order?

  1. 2-3-1-4
  2. 2-3-4-1
  3. 3-2-4-1
  4. 3-2-1-4

GS Environment

Why is there a great concern about the 'microbeads' that are released into environment?

  1. The are considered harmful to marine ecosystems.
  2. They are considered to cause skin cancer in children.
  3. They are small enough to be absorbed by crop plants in irrigated fields.
  4. They are often found to be used as food adulterants.


Consider the following pairs:

Wildlife : Naturally found in

  1. Blue-finned Mahseer : Cauvery River
  2. Irrawaddy Dolphin : Chambal River
  3. Rusty-spotted Cat : Eastern Ghats

Which of the pairs given above are correctly matched?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3


Which of the following are in Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve?

  1. Neyyar, Peppara and Shendurney Wildlife sanctuaries; and Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve
  2. Mudumalai, Sathyamangalam and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuaries; and Silent Valley National Park
  3. Kaundinya, Gundla Brahmeswaram and Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuaries; and Mukurthi National Park
  4. Kawal and Sri Venkateswara Wildlife Sanctuaries; and Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve

GS Environment

In the context of which one of the following are the terms 'pyrolysis and plasma gasification' mentioned?

  1. Extraction of rare earth elements
  2. Natural gas extraction technologies
  3. Hydrogen fuel-based automobiles
  4. Waste-to-energy technologies

GS Environment

In the context of which of the following do some scientists suggest the use of cirrus cloud thinning technique and the injection of sulphate aerosol into stratosphere?

  1. Creating the artificial rains in some regions
  2. Reducing the frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones
  3. Reducing the adverse effects of solar wind on the Earth
  4. Reducing the global warming

Indian Economy

In a given year in India, official poverty lines are higher in some States than in others because

  1. poverty rates vary from State to State
  2. price levels vary from State to State
  3. Gross State Product varies from State to State
  4. Quality of public distribution varies from State to State

Ancient History

Consider the following pairs: 

Famous place : River

  1. Pandharpur : Chandrabhaga
  2. Tiruchirappalli : Cauvery
  3. Hampi : Malaprabha

Which of the pairs given above are correctly matched?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

World History

Which one of the following groups of plants was domesticated in the 'New World' and introduced into the 'Old World?

  1. Tobacco, cocoa and rubber
  2. Tobacco, cotton and rubber
  3. Cotton, coffee and sugarcane
  4. Rubber, coffee and wheat

World Geography

On 21st June, the Sun

  1. does not set below the horizon at the Arctic Circle
  2. does not set below the horizon at Antarctic Circle
  3. shines vertically overhead at noon on the Equator
  4. shines vertically overhead at the Tropic of Capricorn

Organisations & Policies

Atal Innovation Mission is set up under the

  1. Department of Science and Technology
  2. Ministry of Labour and Employment
  3. NITI Aayog
  4. Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship


Which one of the following National Parks lies completely in the temperate alpine zone?

  1. Manas National Park
  2. Namdapha National Park
  3. Neora Valley National Park
  4. Valley of Flowers National Park

Ancient History

With reference to Mian Tansen, which one of the following statements is not correct?

  1. Tansen was the title given to him by Emperor Akbar.
  2. Tansen composed Dhrupads on Hindu gods and goddesses.
  3. Tansen composed songs on his patrons.
  4. Tansen invented many Ragas.

National Movement

With reference to Indian National Movement, consider the following pairs:

Person : Position held

  1. Tej Bahadur Sapru : President, All India Liberal Federation
  2. K. C. Neogy : Member, The Constituent Assembly
  3. P. C. Joshi : General Secretary, Communist Party of India

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3