# General Science Ebook

₹140.00

This eBook covers general aspects of Science studied till secondary level of education. This is best reference for competitive examinations.

The Ebook is divided into four sections and 31 chapters.

### Section A: General Physics

1. Measurement
• Fundamental Units
• Derived Units
• SI Units
• Dimensions
2. Motion
• Types of Motion
• Distance and Displacement
• Time
• Uniform and Non-Uniform Motion
• Speed, Velocity, Average Velocity, Relative Velocity
• Graphical Representation
• Acceleration
• Three Equations of Motion
• Uniform Circular Motion
3. Force
• State of Motion
• Newton’s First Law of Motion (Law of Inertia)
• Newton’s Second Law of Motion (Momentum)
• Newton’s Third Law of Motion
• Impulse
• Conservation of Momentum
• Friction
4. Work, Power and Energy
• Work
• Power
• Energy (Kinetic, Potential)
• Law of Conservation of Energy
• Thrust and Pressure
5. Gravitation
• Newton’s Law of Gravitation
• Acceleration due to Gravity
• Mass and Weight
• Motion of an Object Under Gravity
• Kepler’s Laws
• Motion of Satellite (Orbital Velocity)
• Communication Satellite
• Escape Velocity
6. Solids and Fluids
• Fluid Pressure and Pascal's Law
• Buoyancy and Archimedes Principle
• Principle of Floatation
• Atmospheric Pressure
• Elasticity
• Hooke's Law
• Surface Tension
• Flow of Liquids and Viscosity (Bernoulli's Theorem)
7. Electricity
• Charges
• Electrostatic Force (Coulomb’s Law)
• Electrostatic Potential
• Potential Difference
• Electric Current
• Electric Cell
• Conductors, Insulators and Resistors
• Ohm’s Law
• Resistance of Wire
• Combination of Resistors
• Heating Effect of Electric Current
• Electric Power
8. Magnetism
• Magnet and its Properties
• Magnetic Field
• Electromagnet
• Force by Magnetic Field
• Electromagnetic Induction
• Electric Generator (AC and DC)
• Alternative Current (AC) and Direct Current (DC)
• Distribution of Electrical Energy
• Household Circuits (Electrical Accidents, Safety Devices)
9. Heat
• Temperature
• Effects of Heat
• Thermal Expansion
• Specific Thermal Capacity
• Latent Heat
• Transfer of Heat (Conduction, Convection, Radiation)
• Conductors and Insulators
10. Reflection of Light
• Laws of Reflection
• Formation of Images
• Image Formation in Plane Mirror
• Relation Between f and R
• Reflection by Spherical Mirrors
• Images by Concave Mirror
• Image by Convex Mirror
• Sign Convention
• Mirror Formula and Magnification
• Uses of Mirrors
• Refraction of Light
• Refractive Index of Medium
• Laws of Refraction
• Refraction through Spherical Surface
• Image Formation in Lens
• Lens Formula and Magnification
• Dispersion of Light through Prism
• Eye and its Defects
11. Sound and Waves
• Representation of Wave
• Movement of Sound in Air
• Types of Waves (Mechanical, Electromagnetic)
• Nature, Measure & Quality of Sound

### Section B: General Chemistry

1. Matter
• States of Matter (Solid, Liquid, Gas)
• Effect of Temperature and Pressure
• Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
• Homogeneous Mixture
• Heterogeneous Mixture
• Solution and its Concentration
• Separation of Mixtures
2. Atoms and Molecules
• Law of Chemical Combinations
• Dalton’s Atomic Theory
• Atomic Mass
• Isotopes
• Molecule and Molecular Mass
• Mole Concept
3. Atomic Structure
• Discovery of Electron
• Discovery of Proton
• Thomson Model
• Rutherford’s Model
• Bohr’s Model
• Discovery of Neutron
• Atomic Number and Mass Number
• Electronic Configuration
• Valency
4. Periodic Classification of Elements
• Development of Classification
• Newland’s Law of Octaves
• Mendeleev’s Periodic Law
• Modern Periodic Law and Periodic Table
• Types of Elements
• Periodic Trends in Properties (Atomic size, Metallic character)
5. Chemical Bonding
• Ionic Bonding
• Properties of Ionic Compounds
• Covalent Bonding
• Properties of Covalent Compounds
6. Acids, Bases and Salts
• Acids
• Bases
• Indicators
• Dissociation of Acids
• Reaction of Acids
• Dissociation of Bases
• Reaction of Bases
• Self Dissociation of Water
• Neutral, Acidic and Basic Solutions
• pH Scale
• Importance of pH in Everyday Life
• Formation of Salts
• Baking Soda, Washing Soda, Plaster of Paris, Bleaching Powder
7. Metals and Nonmetals
• Physical Properties
• Chemical Properties of Metals (Reactions with oxygen, water, acids, bases, corrosion)
• Activity Series of Metals
• Source of Metals and Metallurgy
• Chemical Reactions of Non-Metals
• Uses of Metals and Nonmetals
8. Carbon and Compounds
• Properties of Carbon
• Allotropes (Diamond, Graphite, Fullerenes)
• Compounds of Carbon
• Oxides of Carbon
• Hydrocarbons (Saturated, Unsaturated)
• IUPAC Nomenclature
• Functional Derivatives of Hydrocarbons

### Section C: General Biology

1. Living Organisms
• Biodiversity
• Biosphere and Ecosystem
• Levels of Biodiversity
• Classification of Organisms
• Five Kingdoms of Life
• History of Life
• Origin of Life
• Diversification of Life
• Darwin’s Theory of Evolution
• Human Evolution
2. Cells and Tissues
• Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells
• Structure of Eukaryotic Cell
• Difference Between Plant Cell and Animal Cell
• Cell Division (Mitosis, Meiosis)
• Tissues (Plant and Animal Tissues)
3. Digestion
• Digestive System
• Nutrition Process
4. Transportation
• Transport of Materials in Plants
• Transportation in Human Beings
• Circulatory System (Blood vessels, Heart, Fluids)
• Disorders Due to Circulatory System
5. Respiration
• Respiration in Plants
• Respiration in Humans
• Respiratory System
• Mechanism of Breathing or Ventilation of Lungs
6. Excretion
• Nephron
• Mechanism of Excretion
• Kidney Failure and Dialysis
7. Nervous System
• Neuron
• Nerves
• Central Nervous System (Brain, Spinal Cord)
• Reflex Action
• Peripheral Nervous System
• Endocrine System
8. Reproduction
• Types of Reproduction
• Reproduction in Plants
• Reproduction in Animals
• Reproduction in Humans
• RTI and STD
9. Heredity
• Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance
• Chromosomes
• Genes
• DNA
• Blood Group Inheritance
• Hereditary Disorders

### Section D: Environmental Science

1. Natural Environment
• Ecosystem
• Components of Ecosystem
• Biotic Community
• Food Chain and Food Web
• Energy Flow in Ecosystem
• Biogeochemical or Nutrient Cycles (Carbon, Nitrogen, Water)
• Population Interaction
• Population Growth and Growth Curves
2. Environmental Problems
• Natural Disasters
• Impact of Human Population
• Deforestation
• Pollution
• Waste and its Management
• Depletion of Ozone Layer
• Global Warming
• Photochemical Smog
• Acid Rain
3. Food, Nutrition and Health
• Sources of Food
• Modes of Nutrition
• Nutrition in Plants: Photosynthesis
• Nutrition in Animals
• Nutrition in Humans
• Components of Food
• Diseases
• Immunization
• Diagnostic Techniques