Reading (C10)

Read the passage given below:

People who smoke are being hounded out of all public places - offices, restaurants, educational institutions, buses, trains etc. Away from home now it is becoming nearly impossible to find a place to smoke. Growing restrictions and the fear of various diseases caused by tobacco are prompting many smokers to stop smoking. 19 states in the U.S. have made laws against smoking.

Taxes on tobacco products are being raised. Smoking is banned at several places. Still the number of smokers is rising in India. More than 25 crore people in India are addicted to tobacco. And according to a WHO report around half of them will die of tobacco related diseases. Unfortunately most people in India still need a strict warning based on a test report before they decide to give up smoking. Patients too seek medical help only after they show serious symptoms of an illness. Some hospitals have set up centres to identify risk factors among the young so that they can take preventive measures like giving up smoking early in life.

Tobacco is the second biggest cause of death in the world. It is responsible for the death of five crore people each year all over the world. Half of the people who are addicted to tobacco will ultimately be killed by this addiction. Many people get rid of this habit on their own and those who are willing to, but can’t, go to de addiction centres. These centres use counselling, nicotine replacement therapy and prescriptive drugs to deal with withdrawal problems.

Quitting cold turkey – stopping the use of tobacco at once – works well but only for those who have control and determination to quit.

1. On the basis of your understanding of the passage answer any four of the following questions:

(a) For which two reasons do smokers give up smoking ?
(b) Name two steps taken in India against smoking.
(c) Why is the situation unfortunate in India ?
(d) How do people get rid of smoking ?
(e) What does ‘cold turkey’ mean ?

2. Complete any two of the following statements:

(f) In the U.S. _________ states have passed laws against smoking.
(g) In India one can’t smoke at a _________.
(h) Tobacco is the _________ biggest killer in the world.

3. Choose the meanings of the given words/phrases from the options that follow each word/phrase: (any two)

(i) hounded out

(i) driven out (ii) given out
(iii) washed (iv) endangered

(j) restrictions

(i) checks (ii) imitations
(iii) failures (iv) defeats

(k) prompting

(i) abusing (ii) initiating
(iii) empowering (iv) encouraging

Answers

1. Questions

a) restrictions on smoking; fear of disease

b) higher taxes on tobacco products; prohibition at several designated places

c) don’t want to quit willingly- only a bad test report, doctor’s warning makes them give up

d) on their own; go to de addiction centers

e) stopping use of tobacco at once

2. Fill in the blanks

f) 19

g) public place

h) second

3. Vocabulary

i) driven out

j) checks

k) encouraging