Profit and Loss

1

A shopkeeper sells an article at Rs. 40 and gets X% profit. However, when he sells it at Rs. 20, he faces same percentage of loss. What is the original cost of the article?

  1. Rs. 10
  2. Rs. 20
  3. Rs. 30
  4. Rs. 40
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2

A bookseller sold 'a' number of Geography textbooks at the rate of Rs. x per book, 'a + 2' number of History textbooks at the rate of Rs. (x + 2) per book and 'a - 2' number of Mathematics textbooks at the rate of Rs. (x - 2) per book. What is his total sale in Rs.?

  1. 3x + 3a
  2. 3ax + 8
  3. 9ax
  4. x3 a3
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3

A merchant earns a profit of 20% by selling a basket containing 80 apples which cost Rs 240 but he gives one-fourth of it to his friend at cost price and sells the remaining apples. In order to earn the same profit, at what price must he sell each apple?

  1. Rs. 4.00
  2. Rs. 3.60
  3. Rs. 3.00
  4. Rs. 3.80
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4

A person sold an article for Rs.136 and got 15% loss. Had he sold it for Rs.x, he would have got a profit of 15%. Which one of the following is correct?

  1. 170 < x < 180
  2. 160 < x < 170
  3. 180 < x < 190
  4. 190 < x < 200
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5

A cloth store is offering Buy 3, Get 1 free. What is the net percentage discount being offered by the store?

  1. 20%
  2. 25%
  3. 30%
  4. 33.33%
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6

A person selling an article for Rs. 96 finds that his loss percent is one-fourth of the amount of rupees that he paid for the article. What can be the cost price?

  1. Rs. 160 only
  2. Rs. 240 only
  3. Rs. 160 or Rs. 240
  4. Neither Rs. 160 nor Rs. 240
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7

A person sold an article for Rs. 3600 and got a profit of 20%. Had he sold the article for Rs. 3150, how much profit would he have got?

  1. 10%
  2. 6%
  3. 5%
  4. 4%
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8

A man sold two watches, each for Rs. 495. If he gained 10% on one watch and suffered a loss of 10% on the other, then what is the loss or gain percentage in the transaction?

  1. No gain, no loss
  2. 1% gain
  3. (100/99)% loss
  4. 1% loss
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9

A man buys a television set which lists for Rs 5000 at 10% discount. He gets an additional 2% discount (after the first discount) for paying cash. What does he actually pay for the set?

  1. Rs. 4000
  2. Rs. 4400
  3. Rs. 4410
  4. Rs. 4500
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10

On a 20% discount sale, an article costs Rs. 596. What was the original price of the article?

  1. Rs. 720
  2. Rs. 775
  3. Rs. 745
  4. Rs. 735
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11

A fruit-seller buys lemons at 2 for a rupee and sells them at 5 three rupees. What is his gain percent?

  1. 10%
  2. 15%
  3. 20%
  4. 25%
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12

Rajendra bought a mobile with 25% discount on the selling price. If the mobile cost him Rs. 4,875, what is the original selling price of the mobile?

  1. Rs. 6,300
  2. Rs. 6,400
  3. Rs. 6,500
  4. Rs. 6,600
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13

The costs of two articles are in the ratio 3:5. If there is 30% loss on the first article and 20% gain on the second article, what is the overall percentage of loss or gain?

  1. 2% loss
  2. 2.25% gain
  3. 5.25% loss
  4. 1.25% gain
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