# Data Interpretation

Study the paragraph below and answer the questions that follow:

Abdul has 8 factories, with different capacities, producing boutique kurtas. In the production process, he incurs raw material cost, selling cost (for packaging and transportation) and labour cost. These costs per kurta vary across factories. In all these factories, a worker takes 2 hours to produce a kurta. Profit per kurta is calculated by deducting raw material cost, selling cost and labour cost from the selling price (Profit = selling price - raw materials cost - selling cost - labour cost). Any other cost can be ignored.

Exhibit: Business Details of Abdul's 8 Factories

1. Which of the following options is in decreasing order of raw materials cost?

1. Factory 3, Factory 4, Factory 7, Factory 5
2. Factory 4, Factory 3, Factory 2, Factory 5
3. Factory 6, Factory 3, Factory 5, Factory 7
4. Factory 6, Factory 8, Factory 7, Factory 2
5. Factory 8, Factory 3, Factory 2, Factory 4

2. Which of the factories listed in the options below has the lowest sales margin (sales margin = profit per kurta divided by selling price per kurta)?

1. Factory 2
2. Factory 4
3. Factory 5
4. Factory 6
5. Factory 7

Expenditures of a company (in lakh rupees) per year over the given years:

 Year Item of Expenditure Salary Transport Bonus Interest on Loan Taxes 2008 288 98 3.00 23.4 83 2009 342 112 2.52 32.5 108 2010 324 101 3.84 41.6 74 2011 336 133 3.68 36.4 88 2012 420 142 3.96 49.4 98

1. What is the average amount of interest per year which the company had to pay during this period?

1. Rs. 34.18 lakhs
2. Rs. 36.66 lakhs
3. Rs. 33.72 lakhs
4. Rs. 32.43 lakhs

2. The total amount of bonus paid by the company during the given period is approximately what percent of the total amount of salary paid during this period?

1. 1%
2. 1.25%
3. 0.5%
4. 0.1%

The table below provides certain demographic details of 30 respondents who were part of a survey. The demographic characteristics are: gender, number of children, and age of respondents. The first number in each cell is the number of respondents in that group. The minimum and maximum age of respondents in each group is given in brackets. For example, there are five female respondents with no children and among these five, the youngest is 34 years old, while the oldest is 49.

1. The percentage of respondents aged less than 40 years is at least

1. 10%
2. 20%
3. 30%
4. 16.67%

2. Given the information above, the percentage of respondents older than 35 can be at most

1. 30%
2. 73.33%
3. 76.67%
4. 90%

3. The percentage of respondents that fall into the 35 to 40 years age group (both inclusive) is at least

1. 6.67%
2. 10%
3. 13.33%
4. 26.67%

Spam that enters our electronic mailboxes can be classified under several spam heads. The following table shows the distribution of such spam worldwide over time. The total number of spam emails received during December 2002 was larger than the number received in June 2003. The total number of spam emails received during September 2002 was larger than the number received in March 2003. The figures in the table represent the percentage of all spam emails received during that period, falling into those respective categories.

1. In which category was the percentage of spam emails increasing but at a decreasing rate?

1. Scams
2. Financial
3. Products
4. Internet

2. In the health category, the number of spam emails received in December 2002 as compared to June 2003.

1. was smaller
2. was larger
3. was equal
4. cannot be determined

3. In the financial category, the number of spam emails received in September 2002 as compared to March 2003.

1. was larger
2. was smaller
3. was equal
4. cannot be determined

Answer the questions on the basis of the data presented in the figure below.

1. During 1996-2002, the number of commodities that exhibited a net overall increase and net overall decrease, respectively, were

1. 4 and 2
2. 2 and 4
3. 5 and 1
4. 3 and 3

2. The number of commodities that experienced a price decline for two or more consecutive years is

1. 2
2. 3
3. 4
4. 5

3. For which commodities did a price increase immediately follow a price decline only once in this period?

1. Rice, edible oil and dal
2. Egg and onion
3. Onion only
4. Egg and dal

The length of an infant is one of the measures of his or her development in the early stages of his or her life. The figure below shows the growth chart of four infants in the first five months of life.

1. After which month did Seeta's rate of growth start to decline?

1. Never
2. Second month
3. Third month
4. Fourth month

2. Who grew at the fastest rate in the first two months of life?

1. Shyam
2. Geeta
3. Ram
4. Seeta

3. The rate of growth during the third month was the lowest for

1. Ram
2. Shyam
3. Seeta
4. Geeta

4. Among the four infants, who grew the least in the first five months of life?

1. Shyam
2. Ram
3. Geeta
4. Seeta

In a country called XYZ, the number of patients changes every year. The graph given below shows the percentage change in the number of patients w.r.t. the previous year. The table given below shows the number of hospitals available in XYZ. The number of patients in 1999 were 2,00,000.

 Year Number of Hospitals 2000 4700 2001 4850 2002 5100 2003 5200 2004 5350 2005 5500 2006 5700

1. Find the year for which the Unhealthiness Index of XYZ was the maximum

1. 2000
2. 2003
3. 2004
4. 2006

2. In 2006, WHO launched a massive health improvement program in XYZ. As a result there was 30% reduction in the number of patients per year for the next two years and the number of hospitals in the country was also increased by 10% per year during the same period. Find the un-healthiness Index of XYZ for the year 2008.

1. 21.3
2. 15.4
3. 19.8
4. 13.9

3. The Government of XYZ targets an Unhealthiness Index of 15 for the year 2007. By approximately what percent should the number of hospitals be increased in 2007 over the previous year if the number of patients in 2007 is expected to decrease by 40% over the previous year?

1. 37%
2. 34%
3. 27%
4. 47%

Answer the questions on the basis of the following two charts.

Note: Availability is defined as production less export.

1. In which year during the period 1996-1999 was Chaidesh’s export of tea, as a proportion of tea produced, the highest?

1. 1996
2. 1997
3. 1998
4. 1999

2. In which of the following years was the population of Chaidesh the lowest?

1. 1995
2. 1996
3. 1997
4. 1999

3. The area under tea cultivation continuously decreased in all four years from 1996 to 1999, by 10%, 7%, 4%, and 1%, respectively. In which year was tea productivity (production per unit of area) the highest?

1. 1996
2. 1997
3. 1998
4. 1999

Answer the questions on the basis of the data presented in the figure below.

1. Which of the following statements is correct?

1. September rainfall exceeds 50 cm in each location.
2. November rainfall exceeds 100 cm in each location.
3. March rainfall is lower than September rainfall in each location.
4. None of these

2. Locations 6 and 7 differ from all the rest because only in these two locations

1. November rainfall is lower than March rainfall.
2. Peak rainfall occurs in April.
3. April rainfall is less than 200 cm.
4. April rainfall exceeds March rainfall.

The bar chart below shows the revenue received in million US Dollars (USD), from subscribers to a particular Internet service. The data covers the period 2008 to 2012 for the United States (US) and Europe. The bar chart also shows the estimated revenues from subscription to this service for the period 2013 to 2015.

1. The difference between the estimated subscription in Europe in 2013 and what it would have been if it were computed using the percentage growth rate of 2012 (over 2011), is closest to:

1. 10
2. 20
3. 50
4. 80

2. In 2008, sixty percent of subscribers in Europe were men. Given that women subscribers increase at the rate of 10 percent annum and men at the rate of 5 percent per annum, what is the approximate percentage growth of subscribers between 2008 and 2015 in Europe? The subscription prices are volatile and may change each year.

1. 50
2. 62
3. 78
4. 84

3. Consider the annual percent change in the gap between subscription revenues in the US and Europe. What is the year in which the absolute value of this change is the highest?

1. 13-14
2. 11-12
3. 10-11
4. 14-15

4. While the subscription in Europe has been growing steadily towards that of the US, the growth rate in Europe seems to be declining. Which of the following is closest to the percent change in growth rate of 2012 (over 2011) relative to the growth rate of 2010 (over 2009)?

1. 60
2. 20
3. 17
4. 35

The bar graph given below shows the population (in lakhs) of two countries - Amberland and Marryland - in each year from 2004 to 2009.

1. For which two years was the percentage increase in the population of Marryland over the previous year the same?

1. 2007 and 2009
2. 2006 and 2008
3. 2004 and 2007
4. 2004 and 2005

2. If the percentage increase in the population of Amberland in 2010 over 2009 was the same as that in 2006 over 2005, then what was the population (in lakhs) of Amberland in the year 2010?

1. 2040
2. 1800
3. 1760
4. 1980

Chart 1 shows the distribution by value of top 6 suppliers of MFA Textiles. Chart 2 shows the distribution by quantity of top 6 suppliers of MFA Textiles. The total value is 5760 million Euro (European currency). The total quantity is 1.055 million tonnes.

1. The country which has the highest average price is

1. India
2. Switzerland
3. Turkey
4. USA

2. The average price in Euro per kilogram for Turkey is roughly

1. 4.80
2. 5.60
3. 4.20
4. 6.20

A traveler spent some money in six different nations. The pie charts given below show the money spent in each of the nations as a percentage of the total money spent in that year. The money spent in China in the year 2007 was 75% less than the money spent in China in the year 2006. The money spent in India was same for the two years.

1. In the year 2007, what percentage of the total money spent by the traveler was spent in China?

1. 4%
2. 5%
3. 6%
4. 8%

2. If the money spent by the traveler in Britain, America and Africa together was 32 dollars more in 2006 than in 2007, then how much money (in dollars) was spent by the traveler in Australia in the year 2007?

1. 120
2. 96
3. 80
4. 64

Study the following pie charts regarding to sales of 5 models of cars for the years 2010 and 2011, and answer the question

1. If the 2010 sales for all car models is 80,000 and these have grown by 25% in 2011, then what is the approximate increase in the number of Figo cars sold in 2011 over 2010?

1. 2,200
2. 4,500
3. 4,860
4. 12,200

2. If the 2010 sales for all car models is 80,00 and these have grown by 25% in 2011, then how many models have grown more than the average growth rate for all the models taken together?

1. 4
2. 3
3. 2
4. 1

Each point in the graph below shows the profit and turnover data for a company. Each company belongs to one of the three industries: textile, cement and steel.

1. For how many companies does the profit exceed 10% of turnover?

1. 5
2. 6
3. 7
4. 8

2. For how many steel companies with a turnover of more than 2000 is the profit than 300?

1. 0
2. 1
3. 2
4. 7

3. An investor wants to buy stock of only steel or cement companies with a turnover more than 1000 and profit exceeding 10% of turnover. How many choices are available to the investor?

1. 4
2. 5
3. 6
4. 7

The data points in the figure below represent monthly income and expenditure data of individual members of four families - A, B, C and D. Savings is defined as

Savings = Income - Expenditure

1. Which family has the lowest average income?

1. A
2. B
3. C

2. Which family has the highest average expenditure?

1. A
2. B
3. C
4. D

3. Which family has the lowest average savings?

1. A
2. B
3. C
4. D

4. The highest amount of savings accrues to a member of which family?

1. A
2. B
3. C
4. D

The following sketch shows the pipelines carrying material from one location to another. Each location has a demand for material.

The demand at Vaishali is 400, at Jyotishmati is 400, at Panchal is 700, and at Vidisha is 200. Each arrow indicates the direction of material flow through the pipeline. The flow from Vaishali to Jyotishmati is 300. The quantity of material flow is such that the demands at all these locations are exactly met. The capacity of each pipeline is 1,000.

1. The quantity moved from Avanti to Vidisha is

1. 1000
2. 800
3. 700
4. 200

2. The free capacity available at the Avanti-Vaishali pipeline is

1. 0
2. 100
3. 200
4. 300

The graph given below shows the statistics of 12 Cricket players. Each point on the graph indicates the average score per match of a player and the number of matches played by that player. Each of the players plays for one of the four teams - Team 1, Team 2, Team 3 and Team 4.

1. If only the runs scored by the above mentioned 12 players are considered, then which team has got the maximum aggregate score?

1. Team 1
2. Team 2
3. Team 3
4. Team 4

2. How many players are there who have played more than 200 matches and have scored less than 9,000 runs?

1. 2
2. 3
3. 4
4. 5

3. What is the overall average score of those players of Team 4, whose averages are better than the average of that player who has played the second highest number of matches for Team 3?

1. 42.50
2. 41.16
3. 42.07
4. 43.40

The bar graph given below shows the total amount (in Rs. Crores) invested by five states of India - Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Kerala and Assam - in three fields - R&D, Education and Sports - in 2009 and 2010. The pie charts given below show the percentage break-up of the total investment (which also includes the three fields mentioned earlier) made by different states of India in 2009 and 2010.

1. In 2009, Kerala’s investment in R&D, Education and Sports was 56% of its total investments. In 2010, Haryana’s investment in R&D, Education and Sports was 15% of its total investments. What was the percentage change in the total investment made by the “Rest of the states” from 2009 to 2010?

1. 22.22%
2. 11.11%
3. 9.09%
4. 18.18%

2. In both 2009 and 2010, one-third of the total amount invested by Gujarat and Assam together in R&D, Education and Sports was done in R&D. The investment in R&D by Gujarat and Assam together as a fraction of the total investment made by Gujarat and Assam together increases by 20% from 2009 to 2010. Find the ratio of the total investment made by all the states across the country in 2009 to that in 2010?

1. 4 : 5
2. 3 : 4
3. 1 : 2
4. 2 : 3

3. The investment made by Punjab in fields other than R&D, Education and Sports in 2010 was double of that made in 2009. What was the percentage change in the total investment made by all the states across the country from 2009 to 2010?

1. 66.67%
2. 33.33%
3. 45%
4. 20%

Bell Electronics sells only five products - Laptops, Desktops, Printers, Netbooks and Tablets. The pie chart given below shows the percentage contribution of each product in the total revenue of Rs. 500 crores generated by Bell Electronics in the fiscal year 2012-13.

For analyzing the data, the fiscal year 2012-13 was divided into four quarters (Qtr) of three months each. The line graph given below shows the quarter-wise percentage break-up of the total revenue generated by each product in the fiscal year 2012-13.

1. Which product generated the maximum revenue in the 3rd quarter of the fiscal year?

1. Printers
2. Laptops
3. Desktops
4. Tablets

2. In which quarter was the revenue generated by Laptops equal to the revenue generated by Desktops?

1. 1st
2. 2nd
3. 3rd
4. 4th

3. What was the ratio of the revenue generated by Printers in the 2nd quarter to the revenue generated by Laptops in the 4th quarter?

1. 1 : 2
2. 2 : 3
3. 2 : 1
4. 3 : 2