Carbon & its Compounds (C10)

Carbon has four electrons in its valence shell. Which type of compounds can be formed by carbon atom and why ? Give any one example of such compounds.



Because carbon atom has 4 valence electrons, hence it is not able to gain four electrons / form C4- ion or lose four electrons / form C4+ ion to attain noble gas configuration. So, it shares electrons to form covalent bonds or compounds.

Example: CH4