Ancient Indian History

1

The Jainas believe that Jainism is the outcome of the teachings of twenty four Tirthankaras. In the light of this statement which one among the following is correct of Vardhamana Mahavira?

  1. He was the first Tirthankara and the founder of Jainism
  2. He was the twenty third Tirthankara, the first twenty two Trithankaras being considered legendary
  3. He was the last and twenty fourth Tirthankara, who was not considered as the founder of the new faith but as a reformer of the existing religious sect
  4. He was no one of the twenty four Tirthankaras
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2

Ashoka's connection with Buddhism is evident from which one of the following edicts?

  1. Major Rock Edict 13
  2. Rock Edict 6
  3. Minor Rock Edict 1
  4. Pillar Edict 4
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3

In the Mesopotamian records, which one of the following terms was used for the Indus Valley (Harappans)?

  1. Dilmun
  2. Meluha
  3. Magan
  4. Failaka
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4

In ancient India, Mehrgarh was a

  1. neolithic site in the Bolan Valley
  2. graveyard of the Delhi Sultans
  3. kingdom in the Deccan area
  4. fort in Rajasthan
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5

In which one of the following edicts is the name 'Ashoka' inscribed?

  1. Shahbazgarhi major rock edict
  2. Minor rock edict - I at Maski
  3. Dhauli major rock edict
  4. Kandahar pillar edict
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6

The University of Nalanda was set-up by which Gupta ruler?

  1. Chandragupta II
  2. Samudragupta
  3. Kumaragupta I
  4. Kumaragupta II
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7

The Fourth Buddhist Council was held in Kashmir under the leadership of

  1. Kunal
  2. Ashoka
  3. Kanishka
  4. Bindusara
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8

In the Gupta age, Varahamihira wrote the famous book, ‘Bribat Sambita’. It was a treatise on

  1. Ayurvedic system of medicine
  2. Astronomy
  3. Statecraft
  4. Economics
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9

Which of the following statements about Rig Veda is not correct?

  1. The sacrifices were performed in the temples.
  2. Gods are presented as powerful, who could be made to intervene in the world of men via the performance of sacrifices.
  3. Prayers and sacrificial rituals were performed during Rig Veda period and these were not associated with temples.
  4. Gods were supposed to partake of the offerings as they were consumed by fire.
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10

Which one of the following statements about ancient Indian Mahajanapadas is correct?

  1. Buddhist and Jaina texts list sixteen Mahajanapadas.
  2. All Mahajanapadas were located in Eastern India.
  3. All Mahajanapadas were oligarchies where power was exercised by a group of people.
  4. No army was maintained by the Mahajanapadas.
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11

Which one among the following is not a characteistic of Rig-Vedic Aryans?

  1. They were acquainted with the use of iron
  2. They were acquainted with the cow which formed the most important form of wealth
  3. They were acquainted with horses, chariots and the use of bronze
  4. They were acquainted with the use of copper and the modern ploughshare
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12

With reference to the guilds (Shreni) of ancient India that played a very important role in the country's economy, which of the following statements is /are correct?

  1. Every guild was registered with the central authority of the State and the king was the chief administrative authority on them.
  2. The wages, rules of work, standards and prices were fixed by the guild.
  3. The guild had judicial powers over its own members.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

  1. 3 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
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13

Lord Buddha's image is sometimes shown with the hand gesture called 'Bhumisparsha Mudra'. It symbolizes

  1. Buddha's reminder to his followers that they all arise from the Earth and finally dissolve into the Earth, and thus this life is transitory
  2. Buddha's calling of the Earth to watch over Mara and to prevent Mara from disturbing his meditation
  3. Buddha's calling of the Earth to witness his purity and chastity despite the temptations of Mara
  4. All of these
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14

Which one of the following describes best the concept of Nirvana in Buddhism?

  1. A state of bliss and rest
  2. The extinction of the flame of desire
  3. A mental stage beyond all comprehension
  4. The complete annihilation of self
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15

The national motto of India, Satyameva Jayate inscribed below the Emblem of India is taken from

  1. Mundaka Upanishad
  2. Katha Upanishad
  3. Chandogya Upanishad
  4. Aitareya Upanishad
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16

Which one of the following pairs does not form part of the six systems of Indian Philosophy?

  1. Mimamsa and Vedanta
  2. Lokayata and Kapalika
  3. Nyaya and Vaisheshika
  4. Sankhya and Yoga
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17

Who among the following archaeologists was the first to identify similarities between a pre-Harappan culture and the mature Harappan culture?

  1. Amalananda Ghosh
  2. Rakhaldas Banerji
  3. Daya Ram Sahni
  4. Sir John Marshall
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18

With reference to Buddhist history, tradition and culture in India, consider the following pairs (Famous shrine - Location):

  1. Lhotsava Lhakhang temple, Nako - Zanskar Valley
  2. Tabo monastery and temple complex - Spiti Valley
  3. Alchi temple complex - Ladakh

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. 1 and 3 only
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