Verbal Ability Questions

  • It is no longer enough for us to talk about providing for universal access to education. Making available schooling facilities is an essential prerequisite, but is insufficient to ensure that all children attend school and participate in the learning process. The school may be there, but children may not attend or they may drop out after a few months. Through school and social mapping, we must address the entire gamut of social, economic, cultural and indeed linguistic and pedagogic issues, factors that prevent children from weaker sections and disadvantaged groups, as also girls, from regularly attending and complementing elementary education. The focus must be on the poorest and most vulnerable since these groups are the most disempowered and at the greatest risk of violation or denial of their right to education.

  • Some people believe that leadership is a quality which you have at birth or not at all. This theory is false, for the art of leadership can be acquired and can indeed be taught. This discovery is made in time of war and the results achieved can surprise even the instructors. Faced with the alternatives of going left or right, every soldier soon grasps that a prompt decision either way is better than an endless discussion. A firm choice of direction has an even chance of being right while to do nothing will be almost certainly wrong.

    The author of the passage holds the view that

    1. leadership can be taught through war experience only 
    2. leadership can be acquired as well as taught 
    3. the results of training show that more people acquire leadership than are expected 
    4. despite rigorous instruction, very few leaders are produced
  • Today, the top environmental challenge is a combination of people and their aspirations. If the aspirations are more like the frugal ones we had after the Second World War, a lot more is possible than if we view the planet as a giant shopping mall. We need to get beyond the fascination with glitter and understand that the planet works as a biological system.

    Which of the following is the most crucial and logical inference that can be made from the above passage?

    1. The Earth can meet only the basic needs of humans for food, clothing and shelter. 
    2. The only way to meet environmental challenge is to limit human population. 
    3. Reducing our consumerism is very much in our own interest. 
    4. Knowledge of biological systems can only help us save this planet.
  • A diversity of natural assets will be needed to cope with climate change and ensure productive agriculture, forestry, and fisheries. For example, crop varieties are needed that perform well under drought, heat, and enhanced CO2. But the private-sector and farmer-led process of choosing crops favours homogeneity adapted to past or current conditions, not varieties capable of producing consistently high yields in warmer, wetter, or drier conditions. Accelerated breeding programmes are needed to conserve a wider pool of genetic resources of existing crops, breeds, and their wild relatives. Relatively intact ecosystems, such as forested catchments, mangroves, wetlands, can buffer the impacts of climate change. Under a changing climate, these ecosystems are themselves at risk, and management approaches will need to be more proactive and adaptive. Connections between natural areas, such as migration corridors, may be needed to facilitate species movements to keep up with the change in climate.

  • 'Desertification' is a term used to explain a process of decline in the biological productivity of an ecosystem, leading to total loss of productivity. While this phenomenon is often linked to the arid, semi-arid and sub-humid ecosystems, even in the humid tropics, the impact could be most dramatic. Impoverishment of human-impacted terrestrial ecosystems may exhibit itself in a variety of ways : accelerated erosion as in the mountain regions of the country, salinization of land as in the semi-arid and arid 'green revolution' areas of the country, e.g., Haryana and western Uttar Pradesh, and site quality decline - a common phenomenon due to general decline in tree cover and monotonous monoculture of rice/wheat across the Indian plains.

  • Monoculture carries great risks. A single disease or pest can wipe out swathes of the world's food production, an alarming prospect given that its growing and wealthier population will eat 70% more by 2050. The risks are magnified by the changing climate. As the planet warms and monsoon rains intensify, farmlands in Asia will flood. North America will suffer more intense droughts, and crop diseases will spread to new latitudes.

    Which of the following is the most logical, rational and crucial message given by the passage?

    1. Preserving crop genetic diversity is an insurance against the effects of climate change.
    2. Despite great risks, monoculture is the only way to ensure food security in the world.
    3. More and more genetically modified crops only can save the world from impending shortages of food.
    4. Asia and North America will be worst sufferers from climate change and the consequent shortage of food.
  • The practice of dieting has become an epidemic; everyone is looking out for a way to attain that perfect body. We are all different with respect to our ethnicity, genetics, family history, gender, age, physical and mental and spiritual health status, lifestyles and preferences. Thereby we also differ in what foods we tolerate or are sensitive to. So we really cannot reduce so many complexities into one diet or diet book. This explains the failure of diets across the world in curbing obesity. Unless the reasons for weight gain are well understood and addressed and unless habits are changed permanently, no diet is likely to succeed.

    What is the most logical and rational inference that can be made from the above passage?

    1. Obesity has become an epidemic all over the world.
    2. A lot of people are obsessed with attaining a perfect body. 
    3. Obesity is essentially an incurable disease. 
    4. There is no perfect diet or one solution for obesity.
  • India's educational system is modelled on the mass education system that developed in the 19th century in Europe and later spread around the world. The goal of the system is to condition children as 'good' citizens and productive workers. This suited the industrial age that needed the constant supply of a compliant workforce with a narrow set of capabilities. Our educational institutes resemble factories with bells, uniforms and batch-processing of learners, designed to get learners to conform. But, from an economic point of view, the environment today is very different. It is a complex, volatile and globally interconnected world.

    With reference to the above passage, the following assumptions have been made:

    1. India continues to be a developing country essentially due to its faulty education system.
    2. Today's learners need to acquire new-age skill-sets.
    3. A good number of Indians go to some developed countries for education because the educational systems there are a perfect reflection of the societies in which they function.

    Which of the above assumptions is/are valid?

    1. 1 and 3 only
    2. 2 only
    3. 2 and 3 only
    4. 1, 2 and 3
  • Being a member of the WTO, India is bound by the agreements that have been signed and ratified by its members, including itself. According to Article 6 of the Agriculture Agreement, providing minimum support prices for agricultural products is considered distorting and is subject to limits. The subsidy arising from 'minimal supports' cannot exceed 10 per cent of the value of agricultural production for developing countries. PDS in India entails minimum support prices and public stockholding of food grains. It is possible that, in some years, the subsidy to producers will exceed 10 per cent of the value of agricultural production.

    What is the crucial message conveyed by the above passage?

    1. India should revise its PDS.
    2. India should not be a member of WTO.
    3. For India, food security collides with trade.
    4. India provides food security to its poor.
  • The Arctic's vast reserves of fossil fuel, fish and minerals are now accessible for a longer period in a year. But unlike Antarctica, which is protected from exploitation by the Antarctic Treaty framed during the Cold War and is not subject to territorial claims by any country, there is no legal regime protecting the Arctic from industrialization, especially at a time when the world craves for more and more resources. The distinct possibility of ice-free summer has prompted countries with Arctic coastline to scramble for great chunks of the melting ocean.

    Which one of the following is the most important implication of the passage?

    1. India can have territorial claims in the Arctic territory and free access to its resources.
    2. Melting of summer ice in the Arctic leads to changes in the geopolitics.
    3. The Arctic region will solve the world's future problem of resource crunch.
    4. The Arctic region has more resources than Antarctica.
  • Scientific knowledge has its dangers, but so has every great thing. Over and beyond the dangers with which it threatens the present, it opens up as nothing else can, the vision of a possible happy world; a world without poverty, without war, with little illness. Science, whatever unpleasant consequences it may have by the way, is in its very nature a liberator.

    Which one of the following is the most important implication of the passage?

    1. A happy world is a dream of science.
    2. Science only can build a happy world, but it is also the only major threat.
    3. A happy world is not possible without science.
    4. A happy world is not at all possible with or without science.
  • Cooking with biomass and coal in India is now recognized to cause major health problems, with women and children in poor populations facing the greatest risk. There are more than 10 lakh premature deaths each year from household air pollution due to polluting cooking fuels with another 1.5 lakh due to their contribution to general outdoor air pollution in the country. Although the fraction of the Indian population using clean cooking fuels, such as LPG, natural gas and electricity, is slowly rising, the number using polluting solid fuels as their primary cooking fuel has remained static for nearly 30 years at about 70 crore.

    Which of the following is the most crucial and logical inference that can be made from the above passage?

    1. Rural people are giving up the use of polluting solid fuels due to their increasing awareness of health hazards.
    2. Subsidizing the use of clean cooking fuels will solve the problem of India's indoor air pollution.
    3. India should increase its import of natural gas and produce more electricity.
    4. Access to cooking gas can reduce premature deaths in poor households.
  • All actions to address climate change ultimately involve costs. Funding is vital in order for countries like India to design and implement adaptation and mitigation plans and projects. The problem is more severe for developing countries like India, which would be one of the hardest hit by climate change, given its need to finance development. Most countries do indeed treat climate change as real threat and are striving to address it in a more comprehensive and integrated manner with the limited resources at their disposal.

    With reference to the above passage, the following assumptions have been made:

    1. Climate change is not a challenge for developed countries.
    2. Climate change is a complex policy issue and also a development issue for many countries.
    3. Ways and means of finance must be fount to enable developing countries to enhance their adaptive capacity.

    Which of the above assumptions is/are valid?

    1. 1 and 2 only
    2. 3 only 
    3. 2 and 3 only 
    4. 1, 2 and 3
  • Though I have discarded much of past tradition and custom, and am anxious that India should rid herself of all shackles that bind and contain her and divide her people, and suppress vast numbers of them, and prevent the free development of the body and the spirit; though I seek all this, yet I do not wish to cut myself off from that past completely. I am proud of that great inheritance that has been and is, ours and I am conscious that I too, like all of us, am a link in that unbroken chain which goes back to the dawn of history in the immemorial past of India.

    The author wants India to rid herself of certain past bonds because

    1. he is not able to see the relevance of the past
    2. there is not much to be proud of
    3. he is not interested in the history of India
    4. they obstruct her physical and spiritual growth
  • I am a scientist, privileged to be somebody who tries to understand nature using the tools of science. But it is also clear that there are some really important questions that science cannot really answer, such as : Why is there something instead of nothing? Why are we here? In those domains, I have found that faith provides a better path to answers. I find it oddly anachronistic that in today's culture there seems to be a widespread presumption that scientific and spiritual views are incompatible.

    Which of the following is the most logical and rational inference that can be made from the above passage?

    1. It is the faith and not science that can finally solve all the problems of mankind.
    2. Science and faith can be mutually complementary if their proper domains are understood.
    3. There are some very fundamental questions which cannot be answered by either science or faith.
    4. In today's culture, scientific views are given more importance than spiritual views.
  • Many pathogens that cause food borne illnesses are unknown. Food contamination can occur at any stage from farm to plate. Since most cases of food poisoning go unreported, the true extent of global food borne illnesses is unknown. Improvements in international monitoring have led to greater public awareness, yet the rapid globalization of food production increases consumers' vulnerability by making food harder to regulate and trace. "We have the world on our plates", says an official of WHO.

    Which of the following is the most logical corollary to the above passage?

    1. With more options for food come more risks.
    2. Food processing is the source of all food borne illnesses.
    3. We should depend on locally produced food only.
    4. Globalization of food production should be curtailed.
  • Global population was around 1.6 billion in 1990 - today it is around 7.2 billion and growing. Recent estimates on population growth predict a global population of 9.6 billion in 2050 and 10.9 billion in 2100. Unlike Europe and North America, where only three to four per cent of population is engaged in agriculture, around 47 per cent of India's population is dependent upon agriculture. Even if India continues to do well in the service sector and the manufacturing sector picks up, it is expected that around 2030 when India overtakes China as the world's most populous country, nearly 42 per cent of India's population will still be predominantly dependent on agriculture.

    Which of the following is the most logical and rational inference that can be made from the above passage?

    1. Prosperity of agriculture sector is of critical importance to India. 
    2. Indian economy greatly depends on its agriculture. 
    3. India should take strict measures to control its rapid population growth. 
    4. India's farming communities should switch over to other occupations to improve their economic conditions.
  • Identify the incorrect sentence or sentences:

    A. Harish told Raj to plead guilty.

    B. Raj pleaded guilty of stealing money from the shop.

    C. The court found Raj guilty of all the crimes he was charged with.

    D. He was sentenced for three years in jail.

    1. A and C
    2. B, C and D
    3. B and D
    4. A, C and D
  • Following question consists of four sentences on a topic. Some sentences are grammatically incorrect or inappropriate. Select the option that indicates the grammatically correct and appropriate sentence(s).

    A. Large reductions in the ozone layer, which sits about 15-30 km above the Earth, take place each winter over the polar regions, especially the Antarctic, as low temperatures allow the formation of stratospheric clouds that assist chemical reactions breaking down ozone.

    B. Industrial chemicals containing chlorine and bromine have been blamed for thinning the layer because they attack the ozone molecules, making them to break apart.

    C. Many an offending chemicals have now been banned.

    D. It will still take several decades before these substances have disappeared from the atmosphere.

    1. B & D
    2. A & C
    3. A & D
    4. D
  • Identify the sentence or parts of the sentence that are correct in terms of grammar and usage.Then choose the most appropriate option.

    1. Imagine you are in a train carriage waiting at station.

    2. Out of the window you see a second train standing alongside your's.

    3. The whistle blows, and at last you are on your way.

    4. You glide smoothly past the other train.

    1. 1 and 3
    2. 1 and 4
    3. 2 and 4
    4. 3 and 4
  • Identify the sentence or parts of the sentence that are incorrect in terms of grammar and usage. Then choose the most appropriate option.

    1. Thanks to the coalition, we now have PCTs and hospitals that are confused, low in morale and have no clear idea of their future.

    2. What may seem good political win for anti-Tory forces at Westminster feels like mayhem on the ground.

    3. No responsible politician can afford to feel happy about “the pause” and the giant question mark hanging around the structural future of the NHS.

    4. Labour has to have their own plan, which advances their own thinking post-government.

    1. Only 4
    2. 1 and 3
    3. 2 and 4
    4. 2, 3 and 4
  • Following question consists of four sentences on a topic. Some sentences are grammatically incorrect or inappropriate. Select the option that indicates the grammatically correct and appropriate sentence(s).

    A. The balance of power will shift to the East as China and India evolve.

    B. Rarely the economic ascent of two still relatively poor nations has been watched with such a mixture of awe, opportunism, and trepidation.

    C. Postwar era witnessed economic miracles in Japan and South Korea, but neither was populous enough to power worldwide growth or change the game in a complete spectrum of industries.

    D. China and India, by contrast, posses the weight and dynamism to transform the 21st-century global economy.

    1. C
    2. A & D
    3. C & D
    4. A, B & C
  • A part of sentence given below has been underlined. You have to Select the option that best replaces the underlined part.

    The appetite of banks for funds was lost under the onslaught of the slowdown, corporates refused to borrow even as bank deposits flourished.

    1. bank deposits flourished
    2. bank deposits swelled
    3. bank deposits flummoxed
    4. bank deposits were enhanced
  • A part of sentence given below has been underlined. You have to Select the option that best replaces the underlined part.

    The MP rose up to say that in her opinion, she thought the Women’s Reservation Bill should be passed on unanimously.

    1. rose up to say that, the Women’s Reservation Bill should be passed on
    2. rose to say that she thought the Women’s Reservation Bill should be passed
    3. rose to say that, in her opinion, the Women’s Reservation Bill should be passed on
    4. rose to say that, in her opinion, she thought that the Women’s Reservation Bill should be passed
  • A part of sentence given below has been underlined. You have to Select the option that best replaces the underlined part.

    Many people mistake familiarity for a vulgar style, and suppose that to write without affectation is to write at random speed.

    1. is to do speed writing
    2. is to write fast
    3. is to write randomly
    4. is to write at random
  • A part of sentence given below has been underlined. You have to Select the option that best replaces the underlined part.

    It must be noticed that under no circumstance should the company go in for diversification.

    1. It should be noticed
    2. It must be pointed out
    3. It must be noted
    4. It must be noticed
  • A part of sentence given below has been underlined. You have to Select the option that best replaces the underlined part.

    Bacon believes that the medical profession should be permitted to ease and quicken death where the end would otherwise only delay for a few days and at the cost of great pain.

    1. be delayed for a few days
    2. otherwise only delay for a few days and
    3. be delayed for a few days and
    4. be otherwise only delayed for a few days and
  • In the following passage, at certain points you are given a choice of three words, one of which fits the meaning of the passage. Choose the best word.

    Sometimes the messages are sent with 1. (a) many (b) few (c) no accompanying words and we speak in 2. (a) body (b) signal (c) foreign language alone. But what gestures make 3. (a) with body (b) up (c) into language? Most of us are 4. (a) easy (b) familiar (c) efficient with the common hand gestures. Some 5. (a) students (b) people (c) officers cannot talk without using their hands. 6. (a) We (b) Arms (c) They reach out as they explain almost 7. (a) exacting (b) shaping (c) changing their words, emphasizing and exaggerating and 8. (a) teaching (b) holding (c) punctuating their hands. Other people hardly 9. (a) adjust (b) use  (c) wave their hands at all when they 10. (a) lecture (b) unite (c) talk.

  • In the following passage, at certain points you are given a choice of three words, one of which fits the meaning of the passage. Choose the best word.

    One of the most interesting new books published recently is "Spaceship' by Prof. E.C. Walker, Our earth he says 1. (a) is (b) have been (c) will be like a spaceship, and all the 400 million people 2. (a) over (b) on (c) upon earth are passengers on it. And we are heading 3. (a) about (b) to (c) towards a disaster. The levels of atmospheric pollution 4. (a) increasing (b) arriving (c) coming in the cities and industrial areas of the world could in time change the weather patterns of the earth, raising the temperature 5. (a) in (b) of (c) for the whole planet. If this rose a few 6. (a) degrees (b) steps (c) miles the deserts of the world would expand to double their size. The polar ice caps would start inching. If the polar ice caps melted, the 7. (a) water (b) ice (c) sea level all over the world would rise 8. (a) in (b) by (c) to about 60 meters. Prof. Walker's 9. (a) idea (b) thought (c) book is not at all about gloom and doom. He admits that the 10. (a) ideas (b) changes (c) solutions he describes could take thousands of years.

  • In the following passage, at certain points you are given a choice of three words, one of which fits the meaning of the passage. Choose the best word.

    I was engaged in many activities and I wanted a proper reconciliation between my activity and thought. Thought without 1. (a) wish (b) action (c) idea is undeveloped thought. Action without 2. (a) thought (b) wish (c) idea is folly. Of course we 3. (a) never (b) belatedly (c) sometimes act on some impulse or 4. (a) peaceful (b) uncontrollable (c) indisputable urge. If suddenly you through 5. (a) no (b) an (c) a brick at me and my 6. (a) hand (b) wrist (c) finger goes up in front to 7. (a) stimulate (b) rescue (c) protect myself, it is an automatic 8. (a) uncontrollable (b) instinctive (c) impulsive action and not a result 9. (a) to (b) in (c) of deliberate thought. Over living is 10. (a) made (b) conditioned (c) developed by a series of automatic 11. (a) thoughts (b) actions (c) wishes from morning till night. Anything 12. (a) we (b) I (c) they do outside that common range of 13. (a) thoughts (b) ideas (c) actions, however, has to be 14. (a) proceeded (b) preceded (c) followed by some measure of thinking. 15. (a) Some (b) If (c) The more action and thought are 16. (a) developed (b) allied (c) hostile and integrated, the more effective 17. (a) they (b) thoughts (c) we become and the happier you 18. (a) appear (b) develop (c) grow. There will then be no 19. (a) reconciliation (b) conflict (c) inflict between a wish to do something and 20. (a) inability (b) probability (c) plausibility to act.

  • In the following passage, at certain points you are given a choice of three words, one of which fits the meaning of the passage. Choose the best word.

    According to a report in yesterday's newspaper 1. (a) once (b) a (c) new police dog was taken to Raj Bhavan 2. (a) at (b) next (c) on Monday. This was to trace the 3. (a) killers (b) dogs (c) police of the "very important horse" which 4. (a) has (b) were (c) was reported missing on Sunday. The dog picked 5. (a) on (b) at (c) up the scent on some traces of 6. (a) those (b) blood (c) report and ran a few yards before losing the 7. (a) bet (b) track (c) game. The police have launched a vigorous 8. (a) search (b) investigation (c) campaign into the whole affair. They have 9. (a) given up (b) requisitioned (c) report the services of a forensic expert, 10. (a) a (b) an (c) two fingerprint expert and a photographer. 11. (a) There (b) We (c) So are now fourteen horses at Raj Bhavan 12. (a) who (b) where (c) which are kept in a large shed near the gate.

  • The multi sourcing of

    • P: financial mess with
    • Q: coins led to a
    • R: using their own mix of
    • S: different mints

    metals and alloys.

    1. SQRP
    2. QPSR
    3. RPQS
    4. PSRQ
  • In paliopathology

    • P: would be to obtain
    • Q: the fundamental objective
    • R: background information
    • S: as much

    on the skeleton as possible.

    1. PRQS
    2. QPSR
    3. SRQP
    4. RPSQ
  • The national unity of a free people

    • P: to make it impracticable
    • Q: for there to be an arbitrary administration
    • R: depends upon a sufficiently even balance of political power
    • S: against a revolutionary opposition that is irreconcilably opposed to it
    1. QRPS
    2. RSPQ
    3. QRSP
    4. RPQS
  • It is very easy

    • P: a great deal more than one realises
    • Q: may mean
    • R: that a phrase that one does not quite understand
    • S: to persuade oneself
    1. SPQR
    2. RSQP
    3. RQPS
    4. SRQP
  • These positive effects vary from genetic changes that

    • P: to other related infections,
    • Q: make us more resistant to the diseases responsible
    • R: for epidemics and
    • S: which have effects on human that are

    hard to pin down and quantify.

    1. QRPS
    2. SQPR
    3. PRSQ
    4. RPQS
  • All such students

    • P: get success
    • Q: who are honest and hard-working
    • R: and recognition
    • S: in very walk of life
    1. PSRQ
    2. SPRQ
    3. PRQS
    4. QPRS
  • He was so kind and generous that

    • P: he not only
    • Q: made others do so
    • R: but also
    • S: helped them himself
    1. SPQR
    2. PRSQ
    3. QPRS
    4. PSRQ
  • We must read

    • P: if we want to absorb the fruits of great literature
    • Q: but with concentration
    • R: them not as we do cricket stories
    • S: undefined
    1. QPSR
    2. PRQS
    3. PSQR
    4. PRSQ
  • It has been established that

    • P: Einstein was
    • Q: although a great scientist
    • R: weak in arithmetic
    • S: right from his school days
    1. SRPQ
    2. QPRS
    3. RQPS
    4. QPSR
  • Education is

    • P: of the proper sense of responsibilities
    • Q: the first need
    • R: in a citizen
    • S: for the development
    1. SQPR
    2. QSRP
    3. QSPR
    4. PQRS
  • The first line (S1) is fixed. Arrange the other four lines P, Q, R and S in a logical sequence.

    • S1: The beginning of the universe had, of course, been discussed for a long time.
    • P: One argument of such a beginning was the feeling that it was necessary to have a first cause to explain the existence of the universe.
    • Q: He pointed out that civilization is progressing, and we remember who performed this deed or developed that technique;
    • R: According to a number of early cosmologies in the Jewish/Christian/Muslim tradition, the universe started at a finite and not very distant time in the past.
    • S: Another argument was put forward by St. Augustine in his book, The City of God.
    1. QRSP
    2. RPSQ
    3. PSQR
    4. SQPR
  • The first line (S1) is fixed. Arrange the other four lines P, Q, R and S in a logical sequence.

    • S1: I was so eager not to disappoint my parents that I ran errands for anyone.
    • P: On the way a boy on a bicycle crashed into me and my left shoulder hurt so much that my eyes watered.
    • Q: Only then did I cry
    • R: But I still went and bought the maize, took it to my neighbours and then went home.
    • S: One day my neighbours asked me to buy some maize for them from the bazaar.
    1. SPRQ
    2. PQSR
    3. QRPS
    4. RSQP
  • The sentences given below, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    • A. The celebrations of economic recovery in Washington may be as premature as that 'Mission Accomplished' banner hung on the USS Abraham Lincoln to hail the end of the Iraq war.
    • B. Meanwhile, in the real world, the struggles of families and communities continue unabated.
    • C. Washington responded to the favourable turn in economic news with enthusiasm.
    • D. The celebrations and high-fives up and down Pennsylvania Avenue are not to be found beyond the Beltway.
    • E. When the third quarter GDP showed growth of 7.2% and the monthly unemployment rate dipped to six per cent euphoria gripped the US capital.
    1. ECBDA
    2. ECABD
    3. CEDAB
    4. ACEDB
  • The sentences given below, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    • A. Experts such as Larry Burns, head of research at GM, reckon that only such a full hearted leap will allow the world to cope with the mass motorization that will one day come to China or India.
    • B. But once hydrogen is being produced from biomass or extracted from underground coal or made from water, using nuclear or renewable electricity, the way will be open for a huge reduction in carbon emissions from the whole system.
    • C. In theory, once all the bugs have been sorted out, fuel cells should deliver better total fuel economy than any existing engines.
    • D. That is twice as good as the internal combustion engine, but only five percentage points better than a diesel hybrid.
    • E. Allowing for the resources needed to extract hydrogen from hydrocarbon, oil coal or gas, the fuel cell has an efficiency of 30%.
    1. ACEBD
    2. CEDBA
    3. CEBDA
    4. AEDBC
  • The sentences given below, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    • A. This is now orthodoxy to which I subscribe - up to a point.
    • B. It emerged from the mathematics of chance and statistics.
    • C. Therefore the risk is measurable and manageable.
    • D. The fundamental concept: Prices are not predictable, but the mathematical laws of chance can describe their fluctuations.
    • E. This is how what business schools now call modern finance was born.
    1. EBDCA
    2. DCBEA
    3. ABDCE
    4. ADCBE
  • The sentences given in below question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    • A. If caught in the act, they were punished, not for the crime, but for allowing themselves to be caught another lash of the whip.
    • B. The bellicose Spartans sacrificed all the finer things in life for military expertise.
    • C. Those fortunate enough to survive babyhood were taken away from their mothers at the age of seven to undergo rigorous military training.
    • D. This consisted mainly of beatings and deprivations of all kinds like going around barefoot in winter, and worse, starvation so that they would be forced to steal food to survive.
    • E. Male children were examined at birth by the city council and those deemed too weak to become soldiers were left to die of exposure.
    1. ECDAB
    2. BCDAE
    3. BECDA
    4. ECADB
  • The sentences given in question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    • A. Passivity is not, of course, universal.
    • B. In areas where there are no lords or laws, or in frontier zones where all men go armed, the attitude of the peasantry may well be different.
    • C. So indeed it may be on the fringe of the unsubmissive.
    • D. However, for most of the soil-bound peasants the problem is not whether to be normally passive or active, but when to pass from one state to another.
    • E. This depends on an assessment of the political situation.
    1. BEDAC
    2. ABCDE
    3. EDBAC
    4. CDABE
  • The sentences given in question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    • A. Branded disposable diapers are available at many supermarkets and drug stores.
    • B. If one supermarket sets a higher price for a diaper, customers may buy that brand elsewhere.
    • C. By contrast, the demand for private-label products may be less price sensitive since it is available only at a corresponding supermarket chain.
    • D. So the demand for branded diapers at any particular store may be quite price sensitive.
    • E. For instance, only SavOn Drugs stores sell SavOn Drugs diapers.
    • F. Then stores should set a higher incremental margin percentage for private label diapers.
    1. ABCDEF
    2. AEDBCF
    3. ABCEDF
    4. ADBCEF
  • The sentences given in question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

    • A. As officials, their vision of a country shouldn't run too far beyond that of the local people with whom they have to deal.
    • B. Ambassadors have to choose their words.
    • C. To say what they feel they have to say, they appear to be denying or ignoring part of what they know.
    • D. So, with ambassadors as with other expatriates in black Africa, there appears at a first meeting a kind of ambivalence.
    • E. They do a specialized job and it is necessary for them to live ceremonial lives.
    1. BEADC
    2. BCEDA
    3. BEDAC
    4. BCDEA

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