Verbal Ability Questions

1

Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph. Identify the odd one out.

  1. In many cases time inconsistency is what prevents our going from intention to action.
  2. For people to continuously postpone getting their children immunized, they would need to be constantly fooled by themselves.
  3. In the specific case of immunization, however, it is hard to believe that time inconsistency by itself would be sufficient to make people permanently postpone the decision if they were fully cognizant of its benefits.
  4. In most cases, even a small cost of immunization was large enough to discourage most people.
  5. Not only do they have to think that they prefer to spend time going to the camp next month rather than today, they also have to believe that they will indeed go next month.
2

The four sentences (labelled 1,2,3,4) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a number. Decide on the proper sequence of order of the sentences and key in this sequence of four numbers as your answer:

  1. But now we have another group: the unwitting enablers.
  2. Democracy and high levels of inequality of the kind that have come to characterize the United States are simply incompatible.
  3. Believing these people are working for a better world, they are, actually, at most, chipping away at the margins, making slight course corrections, ensuring the system goes on as it is, uninterrupted.
  4. Very rich people will always use money to maintain their political and economic power.
3

The passage given below is followed by four summaries. Choose the option that best captures the author’s position.

The conceptualization of landscape as a geometric object first occurred in Europe and is historically related to the European conceptualization of the organism, particularly the human body, as a geometric object with parts having a rational, three-dimensional organization and integration. The European idea of landscape appeared before the science of landscape emerged, and it is no coincidence that Renaissance artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, who studied the structure of the human body, also facilitated an understanding of the structure of landscape. Landscape which had been a subordinate background to religious or historical narratives, became an independent genre or subject of art by the end of sixteenth century or the beginning of the seventeenth century.

  1. Landscape became a major subject of art at the turn of the sixteenth century.
  2. The three-dimensional understanding of the organism in Europe led to a similar approach towards the understanding of landscape.
  3. The study of landscape as an independent genre was aided by the Renaissance artists.
  4. The Renaissance artists were responsible for the study of landscape as a subject of art.
4

The passage given below is followed by four summaries. Choose the option that best captures the author’s position.

Artificial embryo twinning is a relatively low-tech way to make clones. As the name suggests, this technique mimics the natural process that creates identical twins. In nature, twins form very early in development when the embryo splits in two. Twinning happens in the first days after egg and sperm join, while the embryo is made of just a small number of unspecialized cells. Each half of the embryo continues dividing on its own, ultimately developing into separate, complete individuals. Since they developed from the same fertilized egg, the resulting individuals are genetically identical. 

  1. Artificial embryo twinning is low-tech and mimetic of the natural development of genetically identical twins from the embryo after fertilization.
  2. Artificial embryo twinning is low-tech unlike the natural development of identical twins from the embryo after fertilization.
  3. Artificial embryo twinning is just like the natural development of twins, where during fertilization twins are formed.
  4. Artificial embryo twinning is low-tech and is close to the natural development of twins where the embryo splits into two identical twins.
5

The passage given below is followed by four summaries. Choose the option that best captures the author’s position.

Production and legitimation of scientific knowledge can be approached from a number of perspectives. To study knowledge production from the sociology of professions perspective would mean a focus on the institutionalization of a body of knowledge. The professions approach informed earlier research on managerial occupation, business schools and management knowledge. It however tends to reify institutional power structures in its understanding of the links between knowledge and authority. Knowledge production is restricted in the perspective to the selected members of the professional community, most notably to the university faculties and professional colleges. Power is understood as a negative mechanism, which prevents the non-professional actors from offering their ideas and information as legitimate knowledge.

  1. Professions-approach aims at the institutionalization of knowledge but restricts knowledge production as a function of a select few.
  2. The study of knowledge production can be done through many perspectives.
  3. Professions-approach focuses on the creation of institutions of higher education and disciplines to promote knowledge production.
  4. The professions-approach has been one of the most relied upon perspective in the study of management knowledge production.
6

The four sentences (labelled 1, 2, 3, and 4) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper order for the sentences and key in this sequence of four numbers as your answer.

  1. The woodland’s canopy receives most of the sunlight that falls on the trees.
  2. Swifts do not confine themselves to woodlands, but hunt wherever there are insects in the air.
  3. With their streamlined bodies, swifts are agile flyers, ideally adapted to twisting and turning through the air as they chase flying insects - the creatures that form their staple diet.
  4. Hundreds of thousands of insects fly in the sunshine up above the canopy, some falling prey to swifts and swallows.
7

The four sentences (labelled 1,2,3,4) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a number. Decide on the proper sequence of order of the sentences and key in this sequence of four numbers as your answer:

  1. Impartiality and objectivity are fiendishly difficult concepts that can cause all sorts of injustices even if transparently implemented.
  2. It encourages us into bubbles of people we know and like, while blinding us to different perspectives, but the deeper problem of ‘transparency’ lies in the words “…and much more”.
  3. Twitter’s website says that “tweets you are likely to care about most will show up first in your timeline…based on accounts you interact with most, tweets you engage with, and much more.”
  4. We are only told some of the basic principles, and we can’t see the algorithm itself, making it hard for citizens to analyze the system sensibly or fairly or be convinced of its impartiality and objectivity.
8

The first line (S1) is fixed. Arrange the other four lines P, Q, R and S in a logical sequence.

  • S1: The beginning of the universe had, of course, been discussed for a long time.
  • P: One argument of such a beginning was the feeling that it was necessary to have a first cause to explain the existence of the universe.
  • Q: He pointed out that civilization is progressing, and we remember who performed this deed or developed that technique;
  • R: According to a number of early cosmologies in the Jewish/Christian/Muslim tradition, the universe started at a finite and not very distant time in the past.
  • S: Another argument was put forward by St. Augustine in his book, The City of God.
  1. QRSP
  2. RPSQ
  3. PSQR
  4. SQPR
9

The first line (S1) is fixed. Arrange the other four lines P, Q, R and S in a logical sequence.

  • S1: I was so eager not to disappoint my parents that I ran errands for anyone.
  • P: On the way a boy on a bicycle crashed into me and my left shoulder hurt so much that my eyes watered.
  • Q: Only then did I cry
  • R: But I still went and bought the maize, took it to my neighbours and then went home.
  • S: One day my neighbours asked me to buy some maize for them from the bazaar.
  1. SPRQ
  2. PQSR
  3. QRPS
  4. RSQP
10

The sentences given below, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

  • A. The celebrations of economic recovery in Washington may be as premature as that 'Mission Accomplished' banner hung on the USS Abraham Lincoln to hail the end of the Iraq war.
  • B. Meanwhile, in the real world, the struggles of families and communities continue unabated.
  • C. Washington responded to the favourable turn in economic news with enthusiasm.
  • D. The celebrations and high-fives up and down Pennsylvania Avenue are not to be found beyond the Beltway.
  • E. When the third quarter GDP showed growth of 7.2% and the monthly unemployment rate dipped to six per cent euphoria gripped the US capital.
  1. ECBDA
  2. ECABD
  3. CEDAB
  4. ACEDB
11

The sentences given below, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

  • A. Experts such as Larry Burns, head of research at GM, reckon that only such a full hearted leap will allow the world to cope with the mass motorization that will one day come to China or India.
  • B. But once hydrogen is being produced from biomass or extracted from underground coal or made from water, using nuclear or renewable electricity, the way will be open for a huge reduction in carbon emissions from the whole system.
  • C. In theory, once all the bugs have been sorted out, fuel cells should deliver better total fuel economy than any existing engines.
  • D. That is twice as good as the internal combustion engine, but only five percentage points better than a diesel hybrid.
  • E. Allowing for the resources needed to extract hydrogen from hydrocarbon, oil coal or gas, the fuel cell has an efficiency of 30%.
  1. ACEBD
  2. CEDBA
  3. CEBDA
  4. AEDBC
12

The sentences given below, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

  • A. This is now orthodoxy to which I subscribe - up to a point.
  • B. It emerged from the mathematics of chance and statistics.
  • C. Therefore the risk is measurable and manageable.
  • D. The fundamental concept: Prices are not predictable, but the mathematical laws of chance can describe their fluctuations.
  • E. This is how what business schools now call modern finance was born.
  1. EBDCA
  2. DCBEA
  3. ABDCE
  4. ADCBE
13

The sentences given in below question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

  • A. If caught in the act, they were punished, not for the crime, but for allowing themselves to be caught another lash of the whip.
  • B. The bellicose Spartans sacrificed all the finer things in life for military expertise.
  • C. Those fortunate enough to survive babyhood were taken away from their mothers at the age of seven to undergo rigorous military training.
  • D. This consisted mainly of beatings and deprivations of all kinds like going around barefoot in winter, and worse, starvation so that they would be forced to steal food to survive.
  • E. Male children were examined at birth by the city council and those deemed too weak to become soldiers were left to die of exposure.
  1. ECDAB
  2. BCDAE
  3. BECDA
  4. ECADB
14

The sentences given in question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

  • A. Passivity is not, of course, universal.
  • B. In areas where there are no lords or laws, or in frontier zones where all men go armed, the attitude of the peasantry may well be different.
  • C. So indeed it may be on the fringe of the unsubmissive.
  • D. However, for most of the soil-bound peasants the problem is not whether to be normally passive or active, but when to pass from one state to another.
  • E. This depends on an assessment of the political situation.
  1. BEDAC
  2. ABCDE
  3. EDBAC
  4. CDABE
15

The sentences given in question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

  • A. Branded disposable diapers are available at many supermarkets and drug stores.
  • B. If one supermarket sets a higher price for a diaper, customers may buy that brand elsewhere.
  • C. By contrast, the demand for private-label products may be less price sensitive since it is available only at a corresponding supermarket chain.
  • D. So the demand for branded diapers at any particular store may be quite price sensitive.
  • E. For instance, only SavOn Drugs stores sell SavOn Drugs diapers.
  • F. Then stores should set a higher incremental margin percentage for private label diapers.
  1. ABCDEF
  2. AEDBCF
  3. ABCEDF
  4. ADBCEF
16

The sentences given in question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

  • A. As officials, their vision of a country shouldn't run too far beyond that of the local people with whom they have to deal.
  • B. Ambassadors have to choose their words.
  • C. To say what they feel they have to say, they appear to be denying or ignoring part of what they know.
  • D. So, with ambassadors as with other expatriates in black Africa, there appears at a first meeting a kind of ambivalence.
  • E. They do a specialized job and it is necessary for them to live ceremonial lives.
  1. BEADC
  2. BCEDA
  3. BEDAC
  4. BCDEA
17

The sentences given below, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentence from among the given choices.

  • A. He felt justified in bypassing Congress altogether on a variety of moves.
  • B. At times he was fighting the entire Congress.
  • C. Bush felt he had a mission to restore power to the presidency.
  • D. Bush was not fighting just the democrats.
  • E. Representatives democracy is a messy business, and a CEO of the white House does not like a legislature of second guessers and time wasters.
  1. CAEDB
  2. CEADB
  3. DBAEC
  4. ECDBA
18

There are five sentences. The sentence labelled A is in its correct place. The four that follow are labelled B, C, D and E, and need to be arranged in the logical order to form a coherent paragraph. From the given options, choose the most appropriate option.

  • A. In America, highly educated women, who are in stronger position in the labour market than less qualified ones, have higher rates of marriage than other groups.
  • B. Some work supports the Becker thesis, and some appears to contradict it.
  • C. And, as with crime, it is equally inconclusive.
  • D. But regardless of the conclusion of any particular piece of work, it is hard to establish convincing connections between family changes and economic factors using conventional approaches.
  • E. Indeed, just as with crime, an enormous academic literature exists on the validity of the pure economic approach to the evolution of family structures.
  1. BCDE
  2. BDCE
  3. DBEC
  4. ECBD
19

The sentences given below, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

  • A. Call it the third wave sweeping the Indian media.
  • B. Now they are starring in a new role, as suave dealmakers who are in a hurry to strike alliances and agreements.
  • C. Look around and you will find a host of deals that have been inked or are ready to be finalized.
  • D. Then the media barons wrested back control from their editors, and turned marketing warriors with the brand as their missile.
  • E. The first came with those magnificent men in their mahogany chambers who took on the world with their mighty fountain pens.
  1. ACBED
  2. CEBDA
  3. AEDBC
  4. CAEBD
20

[The] Indian government [has] announced an international competition to design a National War Memorial in New Delhi, to honour all of the Indian soldiers who served in the various wars and counter-insurgency campaigns from 1947 onwards. The terms of the competition also specified that the new structure would be built adjacent to the India Gate – a memorial to the Indian soldiers who died in the First World War. Between the old imperialist memorial and the proposed nationalist one, India’s contribution to the Second World War is airbrushed out of existence.

21

Economists have spent most of the 20th century ignoring psychology, positive or otherwise. But today there is a great deal of emphasis on how happiness can shape global economies, or — on a smaller scale — successful business practice. This is driven, in part, by a trend in "measuring" positive emotions, mostly so they can be optimized. Neuroscientists, for example, claim to be able to locate specific emotions, such as happiness or disappointment, in particular areas of the brain. Wearable technologies, such as Spire, offer data-driven advice on how to reduce stress.

22

When researchers at Emory University in Atlanta trained mice to fear the smell of almonds (by pairing it with electric shocks), they found, to their consternation, that both the children and grandchildren of these mice were spontaneously afraid of the same smell. That is not supposed to happen. Generations of schoolchildren have been taught that the inheritance of acquired characteristics is impossible. A mouse should not be born with something its parents have learned during their lifetimes, any more than a mouse that loses its tail in an accident should give birth to tailless mice. . . .

23

The only thing worse than being lied to is not knowing you’re being lied to. It’s true that plastic pollution is a huge problem, of planetary proportions. And it’s true we could all do more to reduce our plastic footprint. The lie is that blame for the plastic problem is wasteful consumers and that changing our individual habits will fix it.

Recycling plastic is to saving the Earth what hammering a nail is to halting a falling skyscraper. You struggle to find a place to do it and feel pleased when you succeed. But your effort is wholly inadequate and distracts from the real problem of why the building is collapsing in the first place. The real problem is that single-use plastic - the very idea of producing plastic items like grocery bags, which we use for an average of 12 minutes but can persist in the environment for half a millennium - is an incredibly reckless abuse of technology. Encouraging individuals to recycle more will never solve the problem of a massive production of single-use plastic that should have been avoided in the first place.

24

"Everybody pretty much agrees that the relationship between elephants and people has dramatically changed,” [says psychologist Gay] Bradshaw. . . . "Where for centuries humans and elephants lived in relatively peaceful coexistence, there is now hostility and violence. Now, I use the term ‘violence’ because of the intentionality associated with it, both in the aggression of humans and, at times, the recently observed behavior of elephants.” . . .

Typically, elephant researchers have cited, as a cause of aggression, the high levels of testosterone in newly matured male elephants or the competition for land and resources between elephants and humans. But. . . Bradshaw and several colleagues argue. . . that today’s elephant populations are suffering from a form of chronic stress, a kind of specieswide trauma. Decades of poaching and culling and habitat loss, they claim, have so disrupted the intricate web of familial and societal relations by which young elephants have traditionally been raised in the wild, and by which established elephant herds are governed, that what we are now witnessing is nothing less than a precipitous collapse of elephant culture. . . .

25

I am used to ………… in queues.

  1. stand
  2. standing
  3. stand up
  4. standing still
26

Once the ………… manuscript is received by the publishers, it is typed in double space.

  1. total
  2. full
  3. complete
  4. filled
27

They gave a …… dinner to celebrate the occasion, which impressed every guest.

  1. austere
  2. public
  3. sumptuous
  4. summary
28

The car was damaged beyond repair in the …………. accident.

  1. outrageous
  2. ghastly
  3. nasty
  4. heinous
29

The tired traveler ……… on in the hope of finding some resting place.

  1. strolled
  2. scurried
  3. paraded
  4. plodded
30

My most interesting visitor comes at night, when the lights are still burning - a tiny bat who prefers to fly in through the open door and will use the window only if there is no alternative. His object in entering the house is to snap up the moths that cluster around the lamps. All the bats I have seen fly fairly high, keeping near the ceiling; but this particular bat flies in low, like a dive-bomber, zooming in and out of chair legs and under tables. Once, he passed straight between my legs. Has his radar gone wrong, I wondered, or is he just pain crazy?

31

The rule of the road means that in order that the liberties of all may be preserved, the liberties of everybody must be curtailed. When the policeman, say, at a road-crossing steps into the middle of the road and puts out his hand, he is the symbol not of tyranny but of liberty. You have submitted to a curtailment of private liberty in order that you may enjoy a social order which makes your liberty a reality. We have both liberties to preserve - our individual liberty and our social liberty.

32

S1 : The Subsidiary Alliance system was extremely advantageous to the British.

S6 : They controlled the defence and the foreign relations of the protected ally.

  • P : They could now maintain a large army at the cost of Indian states.
  • Q : if many war occurred in the territories
  • R : either of the British ally or of the Britishers
  • S : This enabled them a to fight wars far away from their own territories

This proper sequence should be

  1. P Q R S
  2. P S Q R
  3. Q R P S
  4. S R P Q
33

Give the benefit of doubt

  1. To be partial to someone
  2. To be judgemental
  3. Regard someone as innocent until proven otherwise
  4. Say something exactly right
34

Don’t count your chickens before the eggs have hatched

  1. If you are not good at something better to avoid that
  2. Don’t make plans for something that might not happen
  3. Not to come up to expectations
  4. Don’t put all your resources in one possibility
35

Devil’s advocate

  1. A dangerous person
  2. To present a counter argument
  3. Very argumentative person
  4. Creating an unpleasant situation
36

Cut the mustard

  1. Prepare spices out of mustard seeds
  2. To come up to expectations
  3. Making absurd expectations
  4. Very enthusiastic
37

Cry over spilt milk

  1. Complaining about a loss in the past
  2. Too much inquisitive about something
  3. When something is done badly to save money
  4. Dealing with a problem only in an emergency situation
38

Each question has a sentence with parts A, B and C. Read each sentence to find out whether there is an error in any part.

  1. Frank Lloyd Wright has been acclaimed
  2. by colleagues
  3. as the greater of all modern architects.
  4. No error
39

Each question has a sentence with parts A, B and C. Read each sentence to find out whether there is an error in any part.

  1. At the request of the Defence Attorney,
  2. the jury were called
  3. and their individual verdicts were recorded.
  4. No error
40

Each question has a sentence with parts A, B and C. Read each sentence to find out whether there is an error in any part.

  1. The politician lost face in his constituency
  2. when he broke the pre-election promises
  3. he made to his people.
  4. No error
41

The company was liquidated within five years.

  1. bankrupt
  2. closed down
  3. flourishing
  4. privatized
42

Cultural diversity in the working place is good for business.

  1. uniformity
  2. conformity
  3. identity
  4. similarity
43

There is no likeness between him and his brother.

  1. unlikeliness
  2. unlikelihood
  3. dissimilarity
  4. disaffinity
44

He had a fine ear for music.

  1. small
  2. close
  3. coarse
  4. smooth
45

Due to the postal strike, the outgoing mail got delayed.

  1. urgent
  2. incoming
  3. ordinary
  4. speedy
46

There are a few miscellaneous items to discuss in this meeting.

  1. pure
  2. mixed
  3. homogenous
  4. discordant
47

He is very serious by temperament.

  1. grave
  2. trivial
  3. sober
  4. stupid
48

The party was excellent, and I would like to thank all the people concerned.

  1. cared
  2. attentive
  3. dependable
  4. uninvolved
49

Why does the fire attract insects?

  1. discharge
  2. destroy
  3. repel
  4. remove
50

The country’s economy must be geared to wartime requirements.

  1. subordinated to
  2. related to
  3. adjusted to
  4. unlinked to