I must say a word about the Eiffel Tower. I do not know what purpose it serves today. But I then heard it greatly disparaged as well as praised. I remember that Tolstoy was the chief among those who disparaged it. He said that the Eiffel Tower was a monument of man's folly, not of his wisdom. Tobacco, he argued, was the worst of all intoxicants, inasmuch as a man addicted to it was tempted to commit crimes which a drunkard never dared to do; liquor made a man mad, but tobacco clouded his intellect and made him build castles in the air. The Eiffel Tower was one of the creations of a man under such influence. There is no art about the Eiffel Tower. In no way can it be said to have contributed to the real beauty of the Exhibition. Men flocked to see it and ascended it as it was a novelty and of unique dimensions. It was the toy of the Exhibition. So long as we are children we are attracted by toys, and the Tower was a good demonstration of the fact that we are children attracted by trinkets. That may be claimed to be the purpose served by the Eiffel Tower.
1. Why did Tolstoy disparage Eiffel Tower?
1. Man was foolish to build it.
2. Huge man-made structures did not appeal to him.
3. Men flocked to see it.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
- 1 only
- 1 and 2 only
- 1 and 3 only
- 2 and 3 only
2. Why did Tolstoy believe that tobacco was the worst of all intoxicants?
- Man lost his intellectual abilities under the influence of tobacco.
- Tobacco kept man in a state of inebriation.
- People who commit crimes are invariably addicted to tobacco.
- Statements (a) and (b) above are correct in this context.
3. Why did men flock to the Eiffel Tower?
- Men were attracted to the castles built in the air.
- Men lost their wisdom under the influence of intoxicants.
- Men were attracted to childish things.
- Men were attracted to things of no value.