With reference to the history of philosophical thoughts in India, consider the following statements regarding Sankhya school:

  • 1. Sankhya does not accept the theory of rebirth or transmigration of soul.
  • 2. Sankhya holds that it is the self-knowledge that leads to liberation and not any exterior influence or agent.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2


Sankhya regards human existence as seat of intense suffering. Ignorance is regarded as the root cause of this suffering and bondage. Sankhya offers a way out of this suffering by means of discriminative knowledge.

The correct option is B.