National Movement

The ‘Swadeshi’ and 'Boycott' were adopted as methods of struggle for the first time during the

  1. agitation against the Partition of Bengal
  2. Home Rule Movement
  3. Non-Cooperation Movement
  4. visit of the Simon Commission to India

Answer

In 1905, Viceroy Curzon ordered the partition of the province of Bengal supposedly for improvements in administrative efficiency in the huge and populous region. It also had justifications due to increasing conflicts between Muslims and Hindu regimes in Bengal.

Wide spread agitation ensued and the Congress, both the Moderates and the Radicals, advocated boycotting British products under the banner of Swadeshi Movement.

The correct option is A.