Judiciary

What is the provision to safeguard the autonomy of the Supreme Court of India?

  • 1. While appointing the Supreme Court Judges, the President of India has to consult the Chief Justice of India.
  • 2. The Supreme Court Judges can be removed by the Chief Justice of India only.
  • 3. The salaries of the Judges are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India to which the legislature does not have to vote.
  • 4. All appointments of officers and staffs of the Supreme Court of India are made by the Government only after consulting the Chief Justice of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1, 2, 3 and 4
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 4 only
  4. 3 and 4 only

Answer

A judge of the Supreme Court can be removed under the Constitution only on grounds of proven misconduct or incapacity and by an order of the President of India, after a notice signed by at least 100 members of the Lok Sabha or 50 members of the Rajya Sabha is passed by a two-third majority in each House of the Parliament.

The Union Cabinet and Parliament have almost no role to play in the appointment of judges to the Supreme Court or High Courts.

The correct option is B.