s-Block

The ionic mobility of alkali metal ions in aqueous solution is maximum for

  1. Li+
  2. Na+
  3. K+
  4. Rb+

Answer

The alkali metal ion exist as hydrated ions M+(H2O)n in the aqueous solution. The degree of hydration, decreases with ionic size as we go down the group. Hence Li+ ion is mostly hydrated e.g. [Li(H2O)6]+. Since the mobility of ions is inversely proportional to the size of the their hydrated ions, hence the increasing order of ionic mobility is

Li+ < Na+ < K+ < Rb+

The correct option is D.