Agriculture

Which of the following conditions is/are essential for tea cultivation?

  1. Tropical and sub-tropical climate.
  2. Heavy rainfall ranging from 150 cm to 250 cm.
  3. Soil should contain good amount of lime.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

  1. All of these
  2. 1 and 2
  3. 2 and 3
  4. Only 1

Answer

Tea bush is a tropical and sub-tropical plant and thrives well in hot and humid climate. There is a very close relation between climate, the yield and the quality of tea. The ideal temperature for its growth is 20° to 30°C and temperatures above 35°C and below 10°C are harmful for the bush.

Rainfall required is 150-250 cm for tea cultivation. Tea shrubs require fertile mountain soil mixed with lime and iron. The soil should be rich in humus.

Tea cultivation needs well drained land. Stagnation of water is not good for tea plants. Heavy rainfall but no stagnancy of water, such mountain slopes are good for tea cultivation.

The correct option is A.