GS Environment

Consider the following statements:

The Environment Protection Act, 1986 empowers the Government of India to

  1. state the requirement of public participation in the process of environmental protection, and the procedure and manner in which it is sought
  2. lay down the standards for emission or discharge of environmental pollutants from various sources

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2


In the Environment Protection Act, 1986 governments enable the public to participate in decision-making, they help meet society's goal of sustainable and environmentally sound development. Public participation in environmental decision-making and, in particular, in EIA, lead to some benefits in these processes. As a result of public participation, the process of decision-making, up to and including the final decision, becomes more transparent and legitimate.

This act empowers the Union Govt to take all appropriate measures to prevent and control pollution and to establish the effective machinery for the purpose of protecting and improving the quality of the environment. It also lays down the standards for emission or discharge of environmental pollutants from various sources. Hence, both statements are correct.

The correct option is C.