Modern History

Who among the following were the founders of the "Hind Mazdoor Sabha" established in 1948?

  1. B. Krishna Pillai, E.M.S. Namboodiripad and K.C. George 
  2. Jayaprakash Narayan, Deen Day al Upadhyay and M.N. Roy 
  3. C.P. Ramaswamy Iyer, K. Kamaraj and Veeresalingam Pantulu 
  4. Ashok Mehta, T.S. Ramanujam and G.G. Mehta

Answer

The Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS) was founded in Howrah in West Bengal on 29 December 1948, by socialists, Forward Bloc followers and independent unionists. It was founded by Basawon Singh, Ashok Mehta, R.S. Ruikar, Maniben Kara, Shibnath Banerjee, R.A. Khedgikar, T.S. Ramanujam, V.S. Mathur, G.G. Mehta.

R.S. Ruikar was elected as president and Ashok Mehta as general secretary. HMS absorbed the Royist Indian Federation of Labour and the Hind Mazdoor Panchayat, which was formed in 1948 by socialists leaving the increasingly communist dominated AITUC.

The correct option is D.