Modern History

With reference to educational institutes during colonial rule in India, consider the following pairs:

Institution - Founder 

1. Sanskrit College at Benaras - William Jones
2. Calcutta Madarsa - Warren Hastings
3. Fort William College - Arthur Wellesley

Which of the pairs given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 only 
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 3 only

Answer

In 1781, Warren Hastings founded the Madarasa Aliya or Calcutta Madarasa.

Government Sanskrit College was the first college in Benaras. Established in 1791, it was a landmark college in India from where several notable teachers emerged. In 1958, it merged with Sampurnanand Sanskrit University.

Fort William College (also called the College of Fort William) was an academy and learning centre of Oriental studies established by Lord Wellesley, then Governor-General of British India. The law to establish its foundation was passed on 4 May 1800, to commemorate the first anniversary of the victory over Tipu Sultan at Seringapatam.

The correct option is B.