World History

Consider the following statements concerning the initial phase of the Industrial Revolution in England.

  1. England was fortunate in that coal and iron ore were plentifully available to be used in the Industry.
  2. Until the 18th century, there was a scarcity of usable iron.
  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer

The iron industry in England took off after 1760 since iron ore and coal were both plentiful in England. Abraham Derby, in 1709, invented a way of smelting iron using coke, so good quality iron was not available in England in 18th century. Before this, it was imported from other countries.

The correct option is A.