World History

Which one of the following groups of plants was domesticated in the 'New World' and introduced into the 'Old World?

  1. Tobacco, cocoa and rubber
  2. Tobacco, cotton and rubber
  3. Cotton, coffee and sugarcane
  4. Rubber, coffee and wheat


Cotton was cultivate in India since ancient era. Even Harappan era evidence of cotton cultivation is found. So is wheat. Wheat has been a widely cultivated crop in India since time immemorial.

However tobacco, cocoa and rubber came to India through Europeans in the late medieval or early modern era. All of them originated in South America. This process is termed as Columbian exchange (named for Christopher Columbus).

It was the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, diseases, and ideas between the Americas, West Africa, and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries.

The correct option is A.