Medieval History

Who among the following was the founder of the Avadh Kingdom in the 18th century?

  1. Murshid Quli Khan
  2. Saadat Khan
  3. Alivardi Khan
  4. Sarfaraz Khan

Answer

As the Mughal power declined, Avadh grew stronger and more independent. Its capital city was Faizabad. Saadat Khan, the first Nawab of Awadh, laid the foundation of Faizabad at the outskirt of ancient city of Ayodhya. Faizabad developed as a township during the reign of Safdar Jang, the second nawab of Avadh.

Saadat Khan was appointed Nawab in 1722 and established his court in Faizabad near Lucknow. He took advantage of a weakening Mughal Empire in Delhi to lay the foundation of the Awadh dynasty. Until 1819, Awadh was a province of the Mughal Empire administered by a Nawab.

The correct option is B.