Which of the following is/are among the Fundamental Duties of citizens laid down in the Indian Constitution?

  • 1. To preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture
  • 2. To protect the weaker sections from social injustice
  • 3. To develop the scientific temper and spirit of inquiry
  • 4. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

  1. 2 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 1, 3 and 4 only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4


The Fundamental Duties are defined as the moral obligations of all citizens to help promote a spirit of patriotism and to uphold the unity of India. These duties, set out in Part IV-A of the Constitution, concern individuals and the nation. Like the Directive Principles, they are not legally enforceable.

The correct option is C.