What is a homologous series of carbon compounds ? Give an example and list its three characteristics.
A series of compounds in which the same functional group substitutes for hydrogen in a carbon chain is called a homologous series.
Example: Alkane / Alkene / Alkyne / Alcohol
They have same general formula
They have same functional group
The difference in the molecular mass of two successive member in 14μ
The difference in the molecular formula of two successive member is of CH2 unit
They have similar chemical properties