Cells and Tissues

1

Which one of the following types of tissues will have contractile proteins?

  1. Nervous tissue
  2. Muscle tissue
  3. Bone tissue
  4. Blood tissue
2

Who among the following first discovered cell?

  1. Robert Brown
  2. Robert Hooke
  3. Leeuwenhoek
  4. Rudolf Virchow
3

Which one of the following statements about meristematic tissues in plants is correct?

  1. These are dead tissues and form wood
  2. They provide flexibility to plant due to their thickened walls
  3. These are present in the bark of a tree only
  4. Growth occurs in plants due to division of cells of these tissues
4

Which one of the following organelle is not found in prokaryotic cells?

  1. Cell wall
  2. Mitochondria
  3. Plasma membrane
  4. Ribosome
5

AIDS is caused by a virus whose genetic material is

  1. single stranded circular DNA
  2. double stranded DNA
  3. single stranded RNA
  4. double stranded RNA
6

The living content of cell is called protoplasm. It is composed of:

  1. Cytoplasm only
  2. Cytoplasm and nucleoplasm
  3. Nucleoplasm only
  4. Cytoplasm, nucleoplasm and other organelles
7

Within an animal cell, the most abundant inorganic constituent of protoplasm is

  1. phosphate
  2. water
  3. sodium and potassium salt
  4. iron
8

Which of the following are found in both plant and animal cells?

  1. Cell membrane, Chloroplast, Vacuole
  2. Cell wall, Nucleus, Vacuole
  3. Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Nucleus
  4. Cell wall, Chloroplast, Cytoplasm
9

The water conducting tissue generally present in gymnosperm is

  1. vessels
  2. sieve tube
  3. tracheids
  4. xylem fibres
10

Cork cells are made impervious to water and gases by the presence of

  1. cellulose
  2. lipids
  3. suberin
  4. lignin
11

Flexibility in plants is due to

  1. collenchyma
  2. sclerenchyma
  3. parenchyma
  4. chlorenchyma
12

Which of the following does not lose their nucleus at maturity?

  1. Companion cells
  2. Red blood cells
  3. Vessel
  4. Sieve tube cells
13

The dead element present in the phloem is

  1. companion cells
  2. phloem fibres
  3. phloem parenchyma
  4. sieve tubes
14

Which of the following cells is found in the cartilaginous tissue of the body?

  1. Mast cells
  2. Basophils
  3. Osteocytes
  4. Chondrocytes
15

The muscular tissue which function throughout the life continuously without fatigue is

  1. skeletal muscle
  2. cardiac muscle
  3. smooth muscle
  4. voluntary muscle
16

Which of the following helps in repair of tissue and fills up the space inside the organ?

  1. Tendon
  2. Adipose tissue
  3. Areolar
  4. Cartilage
17

Nerve cell does not contain

  1. axon
  2. nerve endings
  3. tendons
  4. dendrites
18

Nervous tissue is not found in

  1. brain
  2. spinal cord
  3. tendons
  4. nerves
19

Voluntary muscles are found in

  1. alimentary canal
  2. limbs
  3. iris of the eye
  4. bronchi of lungs
20

Contractile proteins are found in

  1. bones
  2. blood
  3. muscles
  4. cartilage
21

Bone matrix is rich in

  1. fluoride and calcium
  2. calcium and phosphorus
  3. calcium and potassium
  4. phosphorus and potassium
22

Fats are stored in human body as

  1. cuboidal epithelium
  2. adipose tissue
  3. bones
  4. cartilage
23

Cartilage is not found in

  1. nose
  2. ear
  3. kidney
  4. larynx
24

Meristematic tissues in plants are

  1. localised and permanent
  2. not limited to certain regions
  3. localised and dividing cells
  4. growing in volume
25

Which muscles act involuntarily?

  1. Striated muscles
  2. Smooth muscles
  3. Cardiac muscles
  4. Skeletal muslces

Select the correct option:

  1. (i) and (ii)
  2. (ii) and (iii)
  3. (iii) and (iv)
  4. (i) and (iv)
26

Intestine absorb the digested food materials. What type of epithelial cells are responsible for that?

  1. Stratified squamous epithelium
  2. Columnar epithelium
  3. Spindle fibres
  4. Cuboidal epithelium
27

Which cell does not have perforated cell wall?

  1. Tracheids
  2. Companion cells
  3. Sieve tubes
  4. Vessels
28

Girth of stem increases due to

  1. apical meristem
  2. lateral meristem
  3. intercalary meristem
  4. vertical meristem
29

Which of the following tissues has dead cells?

  1. Parenchyma
  2. Sclerenchyma
  3. Collenchyma
  4. Epithelial tissue
30

Living cells were discovered by

  1. Robert Hooke
  2. Purkinje
  3. Leeuwenhoek
  4. Robert Brown
31

Organelle without a cell membrane is

  1. ribosome
  2. golgi apparatus
  3. chloroplast
  4. nucleus
32

The only cell organelle seen in prokaryotic cell is

  1. mitochondria
  2. ribosomes
  3. plastids
  4. lysosomes
33

Cell theory was given by

  1. Schleiden and Schwann
  2. Virchow
  3. Hooke
  4. Haeckel
34

Cell arises from pre-existing cell was stated by

  1. Haeckel
  2. Virchow
  3. Hooke
  4. Schleiden
35

Lipid molecules in the cell are sythesized by

  1. smooth endoplasmic reticulum
  2. rough endoplasmic reticulum
  3. golgi apparatus
  4. plastids
36

Organelle other than nucleus, containing DNA is

  1. endoplasmic reticulum
  2. golgi apparatus
  3. mitochondria
  4. lysosome
37

Cell wall of which one of these is not made up of cellulose?

  1. Bacteria
  2. Hydrilla
  3. Mango tree
  4. Cactus
38

Amoeba acquires its food through a process, termed

  1. exocytosis
  2. endocytosis
  3. plasmolysis
  4. exocytosis and endocytosis both
39

The cell organelle involved in forming complex sugars from simple sugars are

  1. endoplasmic reticulum
  2. ribosomes
  3. plastids
  4. golgi apparatus
40

The undefined nuclear region of prokaryotes are also known as

  1. nucleus
  2. nucleolus
  3. nucleic acid
  4. nucleoid
41

The proteins and lipids, essential for building the cell membrane, are manufactured by

  1. rough endoplasmic reticulum
  2. golgi apparatus
  3. plasma membrane
  4. mitochondria
42

Which cell organelle plays a crucial role in detoxifying many poisons and drugs in a cell?

  1. Golgi apparatus
  2. Lysosomes
  3. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
  4. Vacuoles
43

Which of the following are covered by a single membrane?

  1. Mitochondria
  2. Vacuole
  3. Lysosome
  4. Plastid
44

Plasmolysis in a plant cell is defined as

  1. break down (lysis) of plasma membrane in hypotonic medium
  2. shrinkage of cytoplasm in hypertonic medium
  3. shrinkage of nucleoplasm
  4. none of them
45

Chromosomes are made up of

  1. DNA
  2. protein
  3. DNA and protein
  4. RNA
46

A cell will swell up if

  1. The concentration of water molecules in the cell is higher than the concentration of water molecules in surrounding medium
  2. The concentration of water molecules in surrounding medium is higher than water molecules concentration in the cell
  3. The concentration of water molecules is same in the cell and in the surrounding medium
  4. Concentration of water molecules does not matter
47

The thread-like structures present in the nucleus are

  1. nucleolus
  2. chromosomes
  3. genes
  4. ribosomes
48

Which one of the following term is not a part of the nucleus?

  1. ribosome
  2. nucleolus
  3. chromosome
  4. gene
49

The jelly-like fluid substance present in cells is called

  1. protoplasm
  2. chromosome
  3. chloroplast
  4. cytoplasm