The Movement in the Towns

CBSE 2020 Nationalism in India (C10)

Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows:

Source: The Movement in the Towns

The movement started with middle-class participation in the cities. Thousands of students left government-controlled schools and colleges, headmasters and teachers resigned, and lawyers gave up their legal practices. The council elections were boycotted in most provinces except Madras, where the Justice Party, the party of the non-Brahmans, felt that entering the council was one way of gaining some power–something that usually only Brahmans had access to.

The effects of non-cooperation on the economic front were more dramatic. Foreign goods were boycotted, liquor shops picketed, and foreign cloth burnt in huge bonfires. The import of foreign cloth halved between 1921 and 1922, its value dropping from Rs. 102 crore to Rs. 57 crore. In many places merchants and traders refused to trade in foreign goods or finance foreign trade. As the boycott movement spread, and people began discarding imported clothes and wearing only Indian ones, production of Indian textile mills and handlooms went up.

  1. Explain the role of ‘Justice Party’ in boycotting of council elections.
  2. How was the effects of ‘non-cooperation on the economic front’ dramatic?
  3. Explain the effect of ‘Boycott’ movement on ‘foreign textile trade.’

Answer

1. Justice Party, the party of the non-Brahmans, felt that entering the council was one way of gaining some power - something that usually only Brahmans had access to.

2. Foreign goods were boycotted, liquor shops picketed and foreign cloth burnt in huge bonfires.

3. Effect of boycott movement on foreign textile trade: (i) The import of foreign cloth halved. (ii) Merchants & traders refused to trade in foreign goods or finance foreign trade. (iii) Indian textile mills & handloom went up.