Modern History

Regarding Wood's Dispatch, which of the following statements are true?

  1. Grants-in-Aid system was introduced. 
  2. Establishment of universities was recommended. 
  3. English as a medium of instruction at all levels of education was recommended. 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only 
  3. 1 and 3 only 
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Answer

Wood’s Dispatch, 1854

  1. It is considered as the “Magna Carta of English Education in India” and contained comprehensive plan for spreading education in India.

  2. It states the responsibility of State for the spread of education to the masses.

  3. It recommended the hierarchy education level - At bottom, vernacular primary school; at district, Anglo-vernacular High Schools and affiliated college, and affiliated universities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras Presidency.

  4. Recommended English as a medium of instruction for higher studies and vernacular at school level. Therefore, the Dispatch clearly stated that Indian languages as well as English should be used as media of instruction.

  5. The Dispatch recommended that owing to the shortage of books in Indian languages, the medium of instruction should be English. But English should be needed for those people who have proper knowledge and taste for English and are able to understand European knowledge through this language. For other Indian languages should be used.

  6. In Wood’s Dispatch, much emphasis was given upon women education. The Dispatch also encouraged the private enterprises to promote women education. The schools for girls were to be included among those to which grants-in-aid would be given

  7. Concerning Muslim Education, Mr. Wood found that Muslims in this country were educationally backward and hence they should be encouraged to gain more education and efforts should be made in this direction.

  8. The Dispatch recommended that academically and highly qualified person should be preferred more than the others for Government services.

  9. The Dispatch directed the company to follow a policy of religious neutrality. No man’s religion was to stand in the way of securing an appointment under the Government.

  10. Wood‘s Dispatch recommended the establishment of teacher training schools in each of the provinces. There should be training schools for teachers of engineering, medicine and law. The qualified teachers should be given better pay scales. The Dispatch further emphasised on the provision of scholarships to the teachers during their training period.

  11. The Dispatch recommended the establishment of universities in the three Presidency towns of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras. The universities were to be modelled after the London University.

  12. The Dispatch admitted that mass education has been totally neglected. Therefore, the Dispatch directed that useful and practical knowledge should be conveyed to masses.

The correct option is A.