Under which Schedule of the Constitution of India can the transfer of tribal land to private parties for mining be declared null and void?
- Third Schedule
- Fifth Schedule
- Ninth Schedule
- Twelfth Schedule
The purpose of Scheduled Areas, as also recognised in several judgments, is to preserve the tribal autonomy, their culture and economic empowerment, to ensure social, economic and political justice, and preservation of peace and good governance. It is with this object in mind that the Constitution created the Fifth Schedule which has famously been called - A Constitution within a Constitution.
Thus, to safeguard cultural autonomy and empower the tribal the fifth schedule, the constitution defines the power of the transfer of the tribal land to private parties for mining.
The correct option is B.