UPSC Critical Reading

Global population was around 1.6 billion in 1990 - today it is around 7.2 billion and growing. Recent estimates on population growth predict a global population of 9.6 billion in 2050 and 10.9 billion in 2100. Unlike Europe and North America, where only three to four per cent of population is engaged in agriculture, around 47 per cent of India's population is dependent upon agriculture. Even if India continues to do well in the service sector and the manufacturing sector picks up, it is expected that around 2030 when India overtakes China as the world's most populous country, nearly 42 per cent of India's population will still be predominantly dependent on agriculture.

Which of the following is the most logical and rational inference that can be made from the above passage?

  1. Prosperity of agriculture sector is of critical importance to India. 
  2. Indian economy greatly depends on its agriculture. 
  3. India should take strict measures to control its rapid population growth. 
  4. India's farming communities should switch over to other occupations to improve their economic conditions.

Answer

The passage mentions that at present, around 47 per cent of India's population is dependent upon agriculture. In future around 2300, nearly 42 per cent of India's population will still be predominantly dependent on agriculture. Thus, Indian economy greatly depends on its agriculture.

The correct option is B.