UPSC Critical Reading

The richer States have a responsibility to cut down carbon emissions and promote clean energy investments. These are the States that got electricity, grew faster and now have high per capita income, making them capable of sharing India's burden of becoming eco-friendly. Delhi, for example, can help by generating its own clean electricity using solar rooftop panels or even help poor States finance their clean energy projects. It is no secret that State Electricity Boards, which control 95% of the distribution network, are neck-deep in losses. These losses further discourage State utilities from adopting renewable energy as it is more expensive than fossil fuels.

Which among the following is the most logical and rational assumption that can be made from the above passage?

  1. The poor States always have to depend on rich States for electricity.
  2. The richer States must lead in the production and adoption of renewable energy.
  3. The high economic disparity between the rich and poor States is the major cause of high carbon emissions in India.
  4. The State Electricity Boards can improve their finances by undertaking clean energy projects.


The richer states produce electricity and the poor states always have to depend on rich states for electricity.

The correct option is A.