Ancient History

In the Mesopotamian records, which one of the following terms was used for the Indus Valley (Harappans)?

  1. Dilmun
  2. Meluha
  3. Magan
  4. Failaka

Answer

Ancient Mesopotamian texts speak about their trade relations with the other regional civilizations. Among them, the most frequently appearing are Dilmun, Magan and Meluha. The Meluhha were most probably the inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization. They traded with the Mesopotamian Sumer civilization.

Magan is usually identified with Egypt in later Assyrian texts. Dilmun was a Persian Gulf civilization which traded with Mesopotamian civilizations.

The correct option is B.