With reference to the cultural history of India, the term 'Panchayatan' refers to
- an administrative functionary
- a religious sect
- a style of temple construction
- an assembly of village elders
Panchayatan is a temple that has a central shrine surrounded by four other shrines. A Panchayatan temple has four subordinate shrines on four corners and the main shrine in the center of the podium, which comprises their base.
The correct option is C.