With reference to the cultural history of India, the term 'Panchayatan' refers to

  1. an administrative functionary
  2. a religious sect
  3. a style of temple construction
  4. an assembly of village elders


Panchayatan is a temple that has a central shrine surrounded by four other shrines. A Panchayatan temple has four subordinate shrines on four corners and the main shrine in the center of the podium, which comprises their base.

The correct option is C.