If the President of India exercises his power as provided under Article 356 of the Constitution in respect of a particular State, then
- the Assembly of the State is automatically dissolved.
- the powers of the Legislature of that State shall be exercisable by or under the authority of the Parliament.
- Article 19 is suspended in that State.
- the President can make laws relating to that State.
Emergency Provisions are included in part XVIII from articles 352 to 360 in the Constitution for dealing with extraordinary situations that may threaten the peace, security, stability and governance of the country or a part thereof.
According to the Constitution, it is the duty of the Union Government to ensure that governance of a State is carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
Under Article 356, the President may issue a proclamation to impose emergency in a state if he or she is satisfied on receipt of a report from the Governor of the concerned State, or otherwise, that a situation has arisen under which the administration of the State cannot be carried on according to the provisions of the constitution.
In such a situation, proclamation of emergency by the President is on account of the failure (or breakdown) of constitutional machinery. Thus it is known as President’s Rule or State Emergency or Constitutional Emergency.
Effects of Imposition of President’s Rule in a State
The President can assume to himself all or any of the functions of the State Government or he may vest all or any of those functions with the Governor or any other executive authority.
The President may dissolve the State Legislative Assembly or put it under suspension. He may authorize the Parliament to make laws on behalf of the State Legislature.
The Parliament can delegate the power to make laws for the state to the President or any other body specified by him when the state legislature is suspended or dissolved.
The correct option is B.