Consider the following statements with regard to cold waves in winter season in northern India:

  1. There is lack of maritime influence
  2. Northern India is nearer to the Himalayan region
  3. Air mass comes from polar regions to northern India

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 3
  2. 1 and 2
  3. 2 and 3
  4. 1 only


An oceanic climate/maritime climate (also known as marine, west coast and maritime) is the climate typical of the west coasts at the middle latitudes of most continents, and generally features warm (but not hot) summers and cool (but not cold) winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range. It typically lacks a dry season, as precipitation is more evenly dispersed throughout the year.

Northern India has maritime climatic influence which is prevalent in Nepal.

The correct option is B.