Which one of the following is not a Fundamental Duty prescribed in the constitution of India?

  1. To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
  2. To protect and improve the natural environment
  3. To safeguard public property and abjure violence
  4. To promote international peace and security


Article (51-A) included in the Constitution in the 42nd Amendment, lays down 10 Fundamental Duties that citizens have towards the state.

  1. To abide by the Constitution, show respect to the National Flag and the National Anthem.
  2. To follow the noble ideas of the freedom struggle.
  3. To protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
  4. To defend one’s country.
  5. To promote common brotherhood and establish dignity of women.
  6. To preserve our heritage and culture.
  7. To protect the natural environment.
  8. To develop a scientific temper.
  9. To safeguard public property.
  10. To strive for excellence in all spheres of activity.

The correct option is D.