The passage given below is followed by four summaries. Choose the option that best captures the author’s position.

Artificial embryo twinning is a relatively low-tech way to make clones. As the name suggests, this technique mimics the natural process that creates identical twins. In nature, twins form very early in development when the embryo splits in two. Twinning happens in the first days after egg and sperm join, while the embryo is made of just a small number of unspecialized cells. Each half of the embryo continues dividing on its own, ultimately developing into separate, complete individuals. Since they developed from the same fertilized egg, the resulting individuals are genetically identical.

- Artificial embryo twinning is low-tech and mimetic of the natural development of genetically identical twins from the embryo after fertilization.
- Artificial embryo twinning is low-tech unlike the natural development of identical twins from the embryo after fertilization.
- Artificial embryo twinning is just like the natural development of twins, where during fertilization twins are formed.
- Artificial embryo twinning is low-tech and is close to the natural development of twins where the embryo splits into two identical twins.

The passage given below is followed by four summaries. Choose the option that best captures the author’s position.

Production and legitimation of scientific knowledge can be approached from a number of perspectives. To study knowledge production from the sociology of professions perspective would mean a focus on the institutionalization of a body of knowledge. The professions approach informed earlier research on managerial occupation, business schools and management knowledge. It however tends to reify institutional power structures in its understanding of the links between knowledge and authority. Knowledge production is restricted in the perspective to the selected members of the professional community, most notably to the university faculties and professional colleges. Power is understood as a negative mechanism, which prevents the non-professional actors from offering their ideas and information as legitimate knowledge.

- Professions-approach aims at the institutionalization of knowledge but restricts knowledge production as a function of a select few.
- The study of knowledge production can be done through many perspectives.
- Professions-approach focuses on the creation of institutions of higher education and disciplines to promote knowledge production.
- The professions-approach has been one of the most relied upon perspective in the study of management knowledge production.

The four sentences (labelled 1, 2, 3, and 4) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper order for the sentences and key in this sequence of four numbers as your answer.

- The woodland’s canopy receives most of the sunlight that falls on the trees.
- Swifts do not confine themselves to woodlands, but hunt wherever there are insects in the air.
- With their streamlined bodies, swifts are agile flyers, ideally adapted to twisting and turning through the air as they chase flying insects - the creatures that form their staple diet.
- Hundreds of thousands of insects fly in the sunshine up above the canopy, some falling prey to swifts and swallows.

The four sentences (labelled 1,2,3,4) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a number. Decide on the proper sequence of order of the sentences and key in this sequence of four numbers as your answer:

- Impartiality and objectivity are fiendishly difficult concepts that can cause all sorts of injustices even if transparently implemented.
- It encourages us into bubbles of people we know and like, while blinding us to different perspectives, but the deeper problem of ‘transparency’ lies in the words “…and much more”.
- Twitter’s website says that “tweets you are likely to care about most will show up first in your timeline…based on accounts you interact with most, tweets you engage with, and much more.”
- We are only told some of the basic principles, and we can’t see the algorithm itself, making it hard for citizens to analyze the system sensibly or fairly or be convinced of its impartiality and objectivity.

[The] Indian government [has] announced an international competition to design a National War Memorial in New Delhi, to honour all of the Indian soldiers who served in the various wars and counter-insurgency campaigns from 1947 onwards. The terms of the competition also specified that the new structure would be built adjacent to the India Gate – a memorial to the Indian soldiers who died in the First World War. Between the old imperialist memorial and the proposed nationalist one, India’s contribution to the Second World War is airbrushed out of existence.

Economists have spent most of the 20th century ignoring psychology, positive or otherwise. But today there is a great deal of emphasis on how happiness can shape global economies, or — on a smaller scale — successful business practice. This is driven, in part, by a trend in "measuring" positive emotions, mostly so they can be optimized. Neuroscientists, for example, claim to be able to locate specific emotions, such as happiness or disappointment, in particular areas of the brain. Wearable technologies, such as Spire, offer data-driven advice on how to reduce stress.

When researchers at Emory University in Atlanta trained mice to fear the smell of almonds (by pairing it with electric shocks), they found, to their consternation, that both the children and grandchildren of these mice were spontaneously afraid of the same smell. That is not supposed to happen. Generations of schoolchildren have been taught that the inheritance of acquired characteristics is impossible. A mouse should not be born with something its parents have learned during their lifetimes, any more than a mouse that loses its tail in an accident should give birth to tailless mice. . . .

The only thing worse than being lied to is not knowing you’re being lied to. It’s true that plastic pollution is a huge problem, of planetary proportions. And it’s true we could all do more to reduce our plastic footprint. The lie is that blame for the plastic problem is wasteful consumers and that changing our individual habits will fix it.

Recycling plastic is to saving the Earth what hammering a nail is to halting a falling skyscraper. You struggle to find a place to do it and feel pleased when you succeed. But your effort is wholly inadequate and distracts from the real problem of why the building is collapsing in the first place. The real problem is that single-use plastic - the very idea of producing plastic items like grocery bags, which we use for an average of 12 minutes but can persist in the environment for half a millennium - is an incredibly reckless abuse of technology. Encouraging individuals to recycle more will never solve the problem of a massive production of single-use plastic that should have been avoided in the first place.

"Everybody pretty much agrees that the relationship between elephants and people has dramatically changed,” [says psychologist Gay] Bradshaw. . . . "Where for centuries humans and elephants lived in relatively peaceful coexistence, there is now hostility and violence. Now, I use the term ‘violence’ because of the intentionality associated with it, both in the aggression of humans and, at times, the recently observed behavior of elephants.” . . .

Typically, elephant researchers have cited, as a cause of aggression, the high levels of testosterone in newly matured male elephants or the competition for land and resources between elephants and humans. But. . . Bradshaw and several colleagues argue. . . that today’s elephant populations are suffering from a form of chronic stress, a kind of specieswide trauma. Decades of poaching and culling and habitat loss, they claim, have so disrupted the intricate web of familial and societal relations by which young elephants have traditionally been raised in the wild, and by which established elephant herds are governed, that what we are now witnessing is nothing less than a precipitous collapse of elephant culture. . . .

If n is any odd number greater than 1, then n(n^{2} - 1) is

- divisible by 24 always
- divisible by 96 always
- divisible by 48 always
- None of these

Let N = 55^{3} + 17^{3} - 72^{3}. N is divisible by

- both 3 and 17
- both 7 and 13
- both 3 and 13
- both 17 and 7

After the division of a number successively by 3, 4 and 7, the remainders obtained are 2, 1 and 4 respectively. What will be the remainder if 84 divides the same number?

- 53
- 75
- 41
- 80

When 2^{256} is divided by 17, the remainder would be

- 1
- 14
- 16
- None of these

What will be remainder when (67^{67} + 67) is divided by 68?

- 67
- 63
- 66
- 1

Find the minimum integral value of n such that the division 55n/124 leaves no remainder

- 124
- 123
- 31
- 62

Let k be a positive integer such that k+4 is divisible by 7. Then the smallest positive integer n, greater than 2, such that k+2n is divisible by 7 equals

- 7
- 5
- 9
- 3

Let N = 1421 × 1423 × 1425. What is the remainder when N is divided by 12?

- 0
- 9
- 6
- 3

On dividing a number by 5, we get 3 as remainder. What will the remainder when the square of the this number is divided by 5?

- 0
- 1
- 2
- 4

What is the sum of all two-digit numbers that give a remainder of 3 when they are divided by 7?

- 676
- 777
- 683
- 666

The remainder obtained when a prime number greater than 6 is divided by 6 is

- 1 or 3
- 1 or 5
- 3 or 5
- 4 or 5

The remainder when 7^{84} is divided by 342 is

- 0
- 1
- 49
- 341

The smallest number which when divided by 4, 6 or 7 leaves a remainder of 2, is

- 86
- 80
- 62
- 44

What is the remainder when 4^{96} is divided by 6?

- 0
- 2
- 3
- 4

If x = (16^{3} + 17^{3} + 18^{3} + 19^{3}), then x divided by 70 leaves a remainder of

- 0
- 1
- 35
- 69

Which is the least number that must be subtracted from 1856, so that the remainder when divided by 7, 12, and 16 is 4.

- 137
- 140
- 172
- 1361

What is the greatest number which exactly divides 110, 154 and 242?

What is the highest 3 digit number which is exactly divisible by 3, 5, 6 and 7?

A man earns x% on the first Rs. 2,000 and y% on the rest of his income. If he earns Rs. 700 from income of Rs. 4,000 and Rs. 900 from if his income is Rs. 5,000, find x%.

- 10%
- 15%
- 20%
- 25%

How much time will it take for an amount of Rs. 450 to yield Rs. 81 as interest at 4.5% per annum of simple interest?

- 4 years
- 4.5 years
- 5 years
- 5.5 years

A certain sum of money invested at some rate of simple interest triple itself in 4 years. In how many years the principal will become 9 times of itself at the same rate?

In a locality, two-thirds of the people have cable TV, one-fifth have VCR, and one-tenth have both. What is the fraction of people having either cable TV or VCR?

- 23/30
- 2/3
- 17/30
- 19/30

In a certain village, 22% of the families own agricultural land, 18% own a mobile phone and 1600 families own both agricultural land and a mobile phone. If 68% of the families neither own agricultural land nor a mobile phone, then the total number of families living in the village is

- 20000
- 10000
- 8000
- 5000

A five digit number is formed using digits 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 without repeating any one of them. What is the sum of all such possible numbers?

- 6666666
- 6666600
- 6666660
- 6666000

A man has 9 friends: 4 boys and 5 girls. In how many ways can he invite them, if there have to be exactly 3 girls in the invitees?

- 80
- 160
- 200
- 320

Consider the five points comprising of the vertices of a square and the intersection point of its diagonals. How many triangles can be formed using these points?

- 4
- 6
- 8
- 10

Boxes numbered 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 are kept in a row, and they which are to be filled with either a red or a blue ball, such that no two adjacent boxes can be filled with blue balls. Then how many different arrangements are possible, given that all balls of a given colour are exactly identical in all respects?

- 8
- 10
- 15
- 22

How many five-digit numbers can be formed using the digits 2, 3, 8, 7, 5 exactly once such that the number is divisible by 125?

- 0
- 1
- 3
- 4

In a six-node network, two nodes are connected to all the other nodes. Of the remaining four, each is connected to four nodes. What is the total number of links in the network?

- 7
- 13
- 15
- 26

In how many ways can eight directors, the vice chairman and chairman of a firm be seated at a round table, if the chairman has to sit between the the vice chairman and a director?

- 9! × 2
- 2 × 7!
- 2 × 8!
- 2 × 6!

Let S be the set of five-digit numbers formed by digits 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, using each digit exactly once such that exactly two odd position are occupied by odd digits. What is the sum of the digits in the rightmost position of the numbers in S?

- 192
- 216
- 228
- 294

Ten points are marked on a straight-line and 11 points are marked on another straight-line. How many triangles can be constructed with vertices from among the above points?

- 495
- 550
- 1045
- 2475

There are 6 tasks and 6 persons. Task 1 cannot be assigned either to person 1 or to person 2; task 2 must be assigned to either person 3 or person 4. Every person is to be assigned one task. In how many ways can the assignment be done?

- 144
- 180
- 192
- 360

What is the number of distinct terms in the expansion of (a + b + c)^{20}?

- 210
- 231
- 242
- 253

During the essay writing stage of MBA admission process in a reputed B-School, each group consists of 10 students. In one such group, two students are batch mates from the same IIT department. Assuming that the students are sitting in a row, the number of ways in which the students can sit so that the two batch mates are not sitting next to each other, is

- 3540340
- 2874590
- 2903040
- None of the above

In the board meeting of a FMCG Company, everybody present in the meeting shakes hand with everybody else. If the total number of handshakes is 78, the number of members who attended the board meeting is

- 7
- 9
- 11
- 13

Ramesh plans to order a birthday gift for his friend from an online retailer. However, the birthday coincides with the festival season during which there is a huge demand for buying online goods and hence deliveries are often delayed. He estimates that the probability of receiving the gift, in time, from the retailers A, B, C and D would be 0.6, 0.8, 0.9 and 0.5 respectively.

Playing safe, he orders from all four retailers simultaneously. What would be the probability that his friend would receive the gift in time?

- 0.004
- 0.006
- 0.216
- 0.994
- 0.996

If a 4 digit number is formed with digits 1, 2, 3 and 5. What is the probability that the number is divisible by 25, if repetition of digits is not allowed?

- 1/12
- 1/6
- 1/8
- 1/4

An unbiased dice is thrown. What is the probability of getting

- (i) an even number
- (ii) a multiple of 3
- (iii) an even number or a multiple of 3
- (iv) an even number and a multiple of 3

One card is drawn from a pack of 52 cards, each of the 52 cards being equally likely to be drawn. Find the probability that the card drawn is:

- (i) an ace
- (ii) red
- (iii) either red or king
- (iv) red and a king