JEE Physics Questions

Optics

An astronomical telescope has a large aperture to

  1. reduce spherical aberration
  2. have low dispersion
  3. increase span of observation
  4. Have high resolution

Optics

An object 2.4 m in front of a lens forms a sharp image on a film 12 cm behind the lens. A glass plate 1 cm thick, of refractive index 1.50 is interposed between lens and film with its plane faces parallel to film. At what distance (from lens) should object be shifted to be in sharp focus on film?

  1. 5.6 m
  2. 7.2 m
  3. 3.2 m
  4. 2.4 m

Current Electricity

Capacitance (in F) of a spherical conductor with radius 1 m is

  1. 10-3
  2. 1.1 X 10-10
  3. 9 X 10-9
  4. 10-6

Current Electricity

A parallel plate capacitor is made of two circular plates separated by a distance of 5 mm and with a dielectric of dielectric constant 2.2 between them. When the electric field in the dielectric is 3 × 104 V/m, the charge density of the positive plate will be close to

  1. 6 × 10–7 C/m2
  2. 6 × 104 C/m2
  3. 3 × 104 C/m2
  4. 3 × 10–7 C/m2

Magnetism

If in a circular coil A of radius R, current I is flowing and in another coil B of radius 2R a current 2I is flowing, then the ratio of the magnetic fields BA and BB, produced by them will be

  1. 2
  2. 1/2
  3. 1
  4. 1/4

EMI AC

A wire when connected to 220 V mains supply has power dissipation P1. Now the wire is cut into two equal pieces which are connected in parallel to the same supply. Power dissipation in this case is P2. Then P2:P1 is

  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4

EM Waves

Infra red radiation is detected by

  1. photometer
  2. nanometer
  3. spectrometer
  4. pyrometer

Matter & Atoms

According to Einstein’s photoelectric equation, the plot of the kinetic energy of the emitted photoelectrons from a metal vs the frequency of the incident radiation gives a straight line whose slope

  1. depends both on the intensity of the radiation and the metal used
  2. depends on the nature of the metal used
  3. depends on the intensity of the radiation
  4. is the same for all metals and independent of the intensity of the radiation

Matter & Atoms

At a specific instant, emission of radioactive compound is deflected in a magnetic field. The compound can emit

  1. Electrons
  2. Protons
  3. He2+
  4. Neutrons

The emission at instant can be

  1. 1, 2, 3, 4
  2. 1, 2, 3
  3. 2, 3
  4. 4

Electronic Devices

In a transformer, number of turns in the primary coil are 140 and that in the secondary coil are 280. If current in primary coil is 4 A, then that in the secondary coil is

  1. 10 A
  2. 6 A
  3. 4 A
  4. 2 A

Electronic Devices

A diode detector is used to detect an amplitude modulated wave of 60% modulation by using a condenser of capacity 250 pico farad in parallel with a load resistance 100 kilo ohm. Find the maximum modulated frequency which could be detected by it.

  1. 10.62 KHz
  2. 5.31 MHz
  3. 5.31 KHz
  4. 10.62 MHz

Work Energy

A block of mass m=0.1 kg is connected to a spring of unknown spring constant k. It is compressed to a distance x from its equilibrium position and released from rest. After approaching half the distance (x/2) from equilibrium position, it hits another block and comes to rest momentarily, while the other block moves with a velocity 3 ms-1. The total initial energy of the spring is:

  1. 1.5 J
  2. 0.6 J
  3. 0.3 J
  4. 0.8 J

Laws of Motion Rotational Motion

A uniform solid cylindrical roller of mass m is being pulled on a horizontal surface with force F parallel to the surface and applied at its centre. If the acceleration of the cylinder is a and it is rolling without slipping then the value of F is:

  1. ma
  2. 2 ma
  3. 3/2 ma
  4. 5/3 ma

Gravitation

A very long (length L) cylindrical galaxy is made of uniformly distributed mass and has radius R (R<<L). A star outside the galaxy is orbiting the galaxy in a plane perpendicular to the galaxy and passing through its centre. If the time period of star is T and its distance from the galaxy's axis is r, then:

  1. T2 ∝ r3
  2. T ∝ r2
  3. T ∝ r
  4. T ∝ √r

Solids Fluids

The flow rate of water from a tap of diameter 1.25 cm is 0.48 L/min. The coefficient of viscosity of water is 10-3 Pa s. After sometime the flow rate is increased to 3 L/min. Characterize the flow for both the flow rates.

Solids Fluids

If it takes 5 minutes to fill a 15 litre bucket from a water tap of diameter 2/√π cm then the Reynolds number for the flow is (density of water = 103 kg/m3 and viscosity of water = 10-3 Pa.s) close to:

  1. 5500
  2. 11,000
  3. 550
  4. 1100

Magnetism

When current in a coil changes from 5 A to 2 A in 0.1 s, an average voltage of 50 V is produced. The self-inductance of the coil is:

  1. 0.67 H
  2. 1.67 H
  3. 3 H
  4. 6 H

Work Energy

A person trying to lose weight by burning fat lifts a mass of 10 kg upto a height of 1 m 1000 times. Assume that the potential energy lost each time he lowers the mass is dissipated. How much fat will he use up considering the work done only when the weight is lifted up? Fat supplies 3.8×107 J of energy per kg which is converted to mechanical energy with a 20% efficiency rate. Take g = 9.8 ms-2

  1. 6.45 × 10-3 kg
  2. 9.89 × 10-3 kg
  3. 12.89 × 10-3 kg
  4. 2.45 × 10-3 kg

Laws of Motion

A point particle of mass m, moves along the uniformly rough track PQR as shown in the figure. The coefficient of friction, between the particle and the rough track equals μ. The particle is released, from rest, from the point P and it comes to rest at a point R. The energies, lost by the ball, over the parts, PQ and QR, of the track, are equal to each other, and no energy is lost when particle changes direction from PQ to QR.

 

The values of the coefficient of friction μ and the distance x(=QR), are, respectively close to:

  1. 0.2 and 3.5 m
  2. 0.29 and 3.5 m
  3. 0.29 and 6.5 m
  4. 0.2 and 6.5 m

Current Electricity

A galvanometer having a coil resistance of 100 Ω gives a full scale deflection, when a current of 1 mA is passed through it. The value of the resistance, which can convert this galvanometer into ammeter giving a full scale deflection for a current of 10 A is:

  1. 2 Ω
  2. 0.1 Ω
  3. 3 Ω
  4. 0.01 Ω

Optics

An observer looks at a distant tree of height 10 m with a telescope of magnifying power of 20. To the observer the tree appears:

  1. 10 times nearer
  2. 20 times taller
  3. 20 times nearer
  4. 10 times taller

Matter & Atoms

Half-lives of two radioactive elements A and B are 20 minutes and 40 minutes, respectively. Initially, the samples have equal number of nuclei. After 80 minutes, the ratio of decayed numbers of A and B nuclei will be:

  1. 4 : 1
  2. 1 : 4
  3. 5 : 4
  4. 1 : 16

EMI AC

An arc lamp requires a direct current of 10 A and 80 V to function. If it is connected to a 220 V (rms), 50 Hz AC supply, the series inductor needed for it to work is close to:

  1. 0.08 H
  2. 0.044 H
  3. 0.065 H
  4. 80 H

Oscillation Waves

A pipe open at both ends has a fundamental frequency f in air. The pipe is dipped vertically in water so that half of it is in water. The fundamental frequency of the air column is now:

  1. 3f/4
  2. 2f
  3. f
  4. f/2

EM Waves

Arrange the following electromagnetic radiations per quantum in the order of increasing energy:

A: Blue light; B: Yellow light; C: X-ray; D: Radio wave

  1. A, B, D, C
  2. C, A, B, D
  3. B, A, D, C
  4. D, B, A, C

Electrostatics

An electric dipole is placed along the x-axis at the origin P. A point P is at a distance of 20 cm from this origin such that OP makes an angle 60° with x axis. If electric field at P makes an angle θ with x-axis, the value of θ is?