Maths Class X

A plane left 30 minutes late than its scheduled time and in order to reach the destination 1500 km away in time, it had to increase its speed by 100 km/h from the usual speed. Find its usual speed.

Prove that the area of an equilateral triangle described on one side of the square is equal to half the area of the equilateral triangle described on one of its diagonal.

Three semicircles each of diameter 3 cm, a circle of diameter 4.5 cm and a semicircle of radius 4.5 cm are drawn in the given figure. Find the area of the shaded region.

If 4 tan θ = 3, evaluate

If the area of two similar triangles are equal, prove that they are congruent.

If tan 2A = cot (A - 18°), where 2A is an acute angle, find the value of A.

Find the area of the shaded region in Figure, where arcs drawn with centres A, B, C and D intersect in pairs at mid-points P, Q, R and S of the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively of a square ABCD of side 12 cm. [Use π = 3.14]


A wooden article was made by scooping out a hemisphere from each end of a solid cylinder, as shown in Figure. If the height of the cylinder is 10 cm and its base is of radius 3.5 cm. Find the total surface area of the article.


A heap of rice is in the form of a cone of base diameter 24 m and height 3.5 m. Find the volume of the rice. How much canvas cloth is required to just cover the heap?

The table below shows the salaries of 280 persons:

Salary (In thousand Rs.) No. of persons
5-10 49
10-15 133
15-20 63
20-25 15
25-30 6
30-35 7
35-40 4
40-45 2
45-50 1

Calculate the median salary of the data.

A train travels at a certain average speed for a distance of 63 km and then travels at a distance of 72 km at an average speed of 6 km/hr more than its original speed. If it takes 3 hours to complete total journey, what is the original average speed?

A motor boat whose speed is 18 km/hr in still water takes 1 hr more to go 24 km upstream than to return downstream to the same spot. Find the speed of the stream.

The sum of four consecutive numbers in an AP is 32 and the ratio of the product of the first and the last term to the product of two middle terms is 7 : 15. Find the numbers.

Prove that 

The diameters of the lower and upper ends of a bucket in the form of a frustum of a cone are 10 cm and 30 cm respectively. If its height is 24 cm, find:

  1. The area of the metal sheet used to make the bucket.
  2. Why we should avoid the bucket made by ordinary plastic? [Use π = 3.14]

As observed from the top of a 100 m high light house from the sea-level, the angles of depression of two ships are 30° and 45°. If one ship is exactly behind the other on the same side of the light house, find the distance between the two ships. [Use √3 = 1.732]

The mean of the following distribution is 18. Find the frequency f of the class 19 - 21.

Class 11-13 13-15 15-17 17-19 19-21 21-23 23-25
Frequency 3 6 9 13 f 5 4

The following distribution gives the daily income of 50 workers of a factory.

Daily income (in Rs.) 100-120 120-140 140-160 160-180 180-200
Number of workers 12 14 8 6 10

Convert the distribution above to a less than type cumulative frequency distribution, and draw its ogive.

A bag contains 15 white and some black balls. If the probability of drawing a black ball from the bag is thrice that of drawing a white ball, find the number of black balls in the bag.

In the given figure, two concentric circles with centre O have radii 21 cm and 42 cm. If ∠AOB = 60°, find the area of the shaded region.  [Use π = 22/7]

The slant height of a frustum of a cone is 4 cm and the perimeters of its circular ends are 18 cm and 6 cm. Find the curved surface area of the frustum.

The dimensions of a solid iron cuboid are 4.4 m × 2.6 m × 1.0 m. It is melted and recast into a hollow cylindrical pipe of 30 cm inner radius and thickness 5 cm. Find the length of the pipe.

Two taps running together can fill a tank in 3 1/13 hours. If one tap takes 3 hours more than the other to fill the tank, then how much time will each tap take to fill the tank?

In an equilateral triangle ABC, D is a point on the side BC such that BD = 1/3 BC. Prove that 9AD2 = 7AB2

The angles of depression of the top and bottom of a building 50 metres high as observed from the top of a tower are 30° and 60°, respectively. Find the height of the tower and also the horizontal distance between the building and the tower.

If the ratio of the sum of the first n terms of two A.Ps is (7n + 1) : (4n + 27), then find the ratio of their 9th terms.

An aeroplane is flying at a height of 300 m above the ground. Flying at this height, the angles of depression from the aeroplane of two points on both banks of a river in opposite directions are 45° and 60° respectively. Find the width of the river. [Use √3 = 1.732]

If the points A(k + 1, 2k), B(3k, 2k + 3) and C(5k - 1, 5k) are collinear, then find the value of k.

Two different dice are thrown together. Find the probability that the numbers obtained have

  1. even sum
  2. even product

In the given figure, ABCD is a rectangle of dimensions 21 cm × 14 cm. A semicircle is drawn with BC as diameter. Find the area and the perimeter of the shaded region in the figure.


In a rain-water harvesting system, the rain-water from a roof of 22 m × 20 m drains into a cylindrical tank having diameter of base 2 m and height 3.5 m. If the tank is full, find the rainfall in cm.

If the sum of the first 14 terms of an AP is 1050 and its first term is 10, find the 20th term.

How many two-digit numbers are divisible by 3?

Determine the AP whose 3rd term is 5 and the 7th term is 9.

Find the 10th term of the AP: 2, 7, 12, ...

A rectangular park is to be designed whose breadth is 3 m less than its length. Its area is to be 4 square metres more than the area of a park that has already been made in the shape of an isosceles triangle with its base as the breadth of the rectangular park and of altitude 12 m. Find its length and breadth.

The sum of a two-digit number and the number obtained by reversing the digits is 66. If the digits of the number differ by 2, find the number. How many such numbers are there?

The ratio of incomes of two persons is 9:7 and the ratio of their expenditures is 4:3. If each of them manages to save Rs. 2000 per month, find their monthly incomes.

Find the zeroes of the quadratic polynomial x2 + 7x + 10, and verify the relationship between the zeroes and the coefficients.

Find the HCF and LCM of 6, 72 and 120, using the prime factorisation method.

Find the HCF of 96 and 404 by the prime factorisation method. Hence, find their LCM.

A sweet seller has 420 kaju barfis and 130 badam barfis. She wants to stack them in such a way that each stack has the same number, and they take up the least area of the tray. What is the number of that can be placed in each stack for this purpose?

Use Euclid’s algorithm to find the HCF of 4052 and 12576.

Check whether the equation 5x2 – 6x – 2 = 0 has real roots and if it has, find them by the method of completing the square. Also verify that roots obtained satisfy the given equation.

A train travelling at a uniform speed for 360 km would have taken 48 minutes less to travel the same distance if its speed were 5 km/hour more. Find the original speed of the train.

Find the value(s) of k for which the pair of linear equations kx + y = k2 and x + ky = 1 have infinitely many solutions.

The following frequency distribution shows the distance (in metres) thrown by 68 students in a Javelin throw competition.

Draw a less than type Ogive for the given data and find the median distance thrown using this curve.

The following distribution shows the daily pocket allowance of children of a locality. The mean pocket allowance is Rs.18. Find the missing frequency k.

Two dairy owners A and B sell flavoured milk filled to capacity in mugs of negligible thickness, which are cylindrical in shape with a raised hemispherical bottom. The mugs are 14 cm high and have diameter of 7 cm as shown in given figure. Both A and B sell flavoured milk at the rate of Rs. 80 per litre. The dairy owner A uses the formula πr2h to find the volume of milk in the mug and charges Rs. 43.12 for it. The dairy owner B is of the view that the price of actual quantity of milk should be charged. What according to him should be the price of one mug of milk? Which value is exhibited by the dairy owner B? (Use π = 22/7)

Find the mode of the following distribution of marks obtained by the students in an examination:

Given the mean of the above distribution is 53, using empirical relationship estimate the value of its median.

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