Science Class X

Chemical Reactions & Equations (C10)

Decomposition reactions require energy either in the form of heat or light or electricity for breaking down the reactants. Write one equation each for decomposition reactions where energy is supplied in the form of heat, light and electricity.

Life Processes (C10)

(a) Mention any two components of blood.

(b) Trace the movement of oxygenated blood in the body.

(c) Write the function of valves present in between atria and ventricles.

(d) Write one structural difference between the composition of artery and veins.

Life Processes (C10)

(a) Define excretion.

(b) Name the basic filtration unit present in the kidney.

(c) Draw excretory system in human beings and label the following organs of excretory system which perform following functions:
(i) form urine
(ii) is a long tube which collects urine from kidney
(iii) store urine until it is passed out

Reproduction (C10)

Write the function of following parts in human female reproductive system:

  1. Ovary
  2. Oviduct
  3. Uterus

Metals & Non-metals (C10)

How is copper extracted from its sulphide ore? Explain the various steps supported by chemical equations. Draw labelled diagram for the electrolytic refining of copper.

Metals & Non-metals (C10)

Write the steps involved in the extraction of pure metals in the middle of the activity series from their carbonate ores.

Periodic Classification of Elements (C10)

(a) The modern periodic table has been evolved through the early attempts of Dobereiner, Newland and Mendeleev. List one advantage and one limitation of all the three attempts.

(b) Name the scientist who first of all showed that atomic number of an element is a more fundamental property than its atomic mass.

(c) State Modern periodic law.

Human Eye & Colourful World (C10)

Write the function of each of the following parts of human eye:

  1. Cornea
  2. Iris
  3. Crystalline lens
  4. Ciliary muscles

Human Eye & Colourful World (C10)

A student is unable to see clearly the words written on the black board placed at a distance of approximately 3 m from him. Name the defect of vision the boy is suffering from. State the possible causes of this defect and explain the method of correcting it.

Magnetic Effects (C10)

Write the principle of working of an electric motor. Explain the function of the following parts of an electric motor:

  1. Armature
  2. Brushes
  3. Split ring

Science Practical (C10)

Name the process by which an amoeba reproduces. Draw the various stages of its reproduction in a proper sequence.

Science Practical (C10)

What is observed when a solution of sodium sulphate is added to a solution of barium chloride taken in a test tube? Write equation for the chemical reaction involved and name the type of reaction in this case.

Science Practical (C10)

A student added few pieces of aluminium metal to two test tubes A and B containing aqueous solutions of iron sulphate and copper sulphate. In the second part of her experiment, she added iron metal to another test tubes C and D containing aqueous solutions of aluminium sulphate and copper sulphate.

In which test tube or test tubes will she observe colour change? On the basis of this experiment, state which one is the most reactive metal and why.

Science Practical (C10)

An object of height 4.0 cm is placed at a distance of 30 cm from the optical centre ‘O’ of a convex lens of focal length 20 cm. Draw a ray diagram to find the position and size of the image formed. Mark optical centre ‘O’ and principal focus ‘F’ on the diagram. Also find the approximate ratio of size of the image to the size of the object.

Science Practical (C10)

List the steps of preparation of temporary mount of a leaf peel to observe stomata?

Our Environment (C10)

The following organisms form a food chain.
Insect, Hawk, Grass, Snake, Frog

Which of these will have highest concentration of non-biodegradable chemicals? Name the phenomenon.

Sources of Energy (C10)

Why is there a need to harness non-conventional sources of energy? Give two main reasons.

Our Environment (C10)

"Human beings occupy the top level in any food chain." What are the consequences of this on our body?

Control & Coordination (C10)

Mention any one point of difference between Pepsin and Trypsin.

Control & Coordination (C10)

Draw a neat diagram of human brain and label Medulla and Cerebellum. Write the functions of the above mentioned parts.

Control & Coordination (C10)

"Both overproduction and underproduction of Growth hormone leads to disorders in the body." Explain

Carbon & its Compounds (C10)

Write the structural formula of ethanol. What happens when it is heated with excess of conc. H2SO4 at 443 K? Write the chemical equation for the reaction stating the role of conc. H2SO4 in this reaction.

Carbon & its Compounds (C10)

Distinguish between esterification and saponification reactions with the help of the chemical equations for each. State one use of each (i) esters, and (ii) saponification process.

Carbon & its Compounds (C10)

Why are certain compounds called hydrocarbons? Write the general formula for homologous series of alkanes, alkenes and alkynes and also draw the structure of the first member of each series. Write the name of the reaction that converts alkenes into alkanes and also write a chemical equation to show the necessary conditions for the reaction to occur.

Carbon & its Compounds (C10)

You are given balls and stick model of six carbon atoms and fourteen hydrogen atoms and sufficient number of sticks. In how many ways one can join the models of six carbon atoms and fourteen hydrogen atoms to form different molecules of C6H14.

Science Practical (C10)

In a given ammeter, a student sees that needle indicates 17 divisions in ammeter while performing an experiment to verify Ohm’s law. If ammeter has 10 divisions between 0 and 0.5A, then what is the value corresponding to 17 divisions?

Science Practical (C10)

A student conducted an experiment to show CO2 is released during respiration. List two precautions that he or she must take for obtaining correct observations.

Science Practical (C10)

A student observed a permanent slide showing asexual reproduction in yeast. Draw diagrams of the observations he must have made from the slide. Name the process also.

Science Practical (C10)

Riya performs two set of experiments to study the length of the foam formed which are as follows:

Set I: she takes 10 ml of distilled water in test tube “A” and adds 5-6 drops of liquid soap in it and shakes the test tube vigorously.
Set II: she takes 10 ml of distilled water in a test tube “A” and adds 5-6 drops of liquid soap with half spoonful of CaSO4 in it and shakes the test tube.

Write your observation and reason.

Science Practical (C10)

What do you observe when you drop a few drops of acetic acid to a test tube containing:

a) Phenolphthalein c) distilled water
b) Universal indicator d) sodium hydrogen carbonate