CDS English

Ordering of Sentences

The first line (S1) is fixed. Arrange the other four lines P, Q, R and S in a logical sequence.

  • S1: The beginning of the universe had, of course, been discussed for a long time.
  • P: One argument of such a beginning was the feeling that it was necessary to have a first cause to explain the existence of the universe.
  • Q: He pointed out that civilization is progressing, and we remember who performed this deed or developed that technique;
  • R: According to a number of early cosmologies in the Jewish/Christian/Muslim tradition, the universe started at a finite and not very distant time in the past.
  • S: Another argument was put forward by St. Augustine in his book, The City of God.
  1. QRSP
  2. RPSQ
  3. PSQR
  4. SQPR

Ordering of Sentences

The first line (S1) is fixed. Arrange the other four lines P, Q, R and S in a logical sequence.

  • S1: I was so eager not to disappoint my parents that I ran errands for anyone.
  • P: On the way a boy on a bicycle crashed into me and my left shoulder hurt so much that my eyes watered.
  • Q: Only then did I cry
  • R: But I still went and bought the maize, took it to my neighbours and then went home.
  • S: One day my neighbours asked me to buy some maize for them from the bazaar.
  1. SPRQ
  2. PQSR
  3. QRPS
  4. RSQP

Ordering of Sentences

The sentences given below, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

  • A. The celebrations of economic recovery in Washington may be as premature as that 'Mission Accomplished' banner hung on the USS Abraham Lincoln to hail the end of the Iraq war.
  • B. Meanwhile, in the real world, the struggles of families and communities continue unabated.
  • C. Washington responded to the favourable turn in economic news with enthusiasm.
  • D. The celebrations and high-fives up and down Pennsylvania Avenue are not to be found beyond the Beltway.
  • E. When the third quarter GDP showed growth of 7.2% and the monthly unemployment rate dipped to six per cent euphoria gripped the US capital.
  1. ECBDA
  2. ECABD
  3. CEDAB
  4. ACEDB

Ordering of Sentences

The sentences given below, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

  • A. Experts such as Larry Burns, head of research at GM, reckon that only such a full hearted leap will allow the world to cope with the mass motorization that will one day come to China or India.
  • B. But once hydrogen is being produced from biomass or extracted from underground coal or made from water, using nuclear or renewable electricity, the way will be open for a huge reduction in carbon emissions from the whole system.
  • C. In theory, once all the bugs have been sorted out, fuel cells should deliver better total fuel economy than any existing engines.
  • D. That is twice as good as the internal combustion engine, but only five percentage points better than a diesel hybrid.
  • E. Allowing for the resources needed to extract hydrogen from hydrocarbon, oil coal or gas, the fuel cell has an efficiency of 30%.
  1. ACEBD
  2. CEDBA
  3. CEBDA
  4. AEDBC

Ordering of Sentences

The sentences given below, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

  • A. This is now orthodoxy to which I subscribe - up to a point.
  • B. It emerged from the mathematics of chance and statistics.
  • C. Therefore the risk is measurable and manageable.
  • D. The fundamental concept: Prices are not predictable, but the mathematical laws of chance can describe their fluctuations.
  • E. This is how what business schools now call modern finance was born.
  1. EBDCA
  2. DCBEA
  3. ABDCE
  4. ADCBE

Ordering of Sentences

The sentences given in below question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

  • A. If caught in the act, they were punished, not for the crime, but for allowing themselves to be caught another lash of the whip.
  • B. The bellicose Spartans sacrificed all the finer things in life for military expertise.
  • C. Those fortunate enough to survive babyhood were taken away from their mothers at the age of seven to undergo rigorous military training.
  • D. This consisted mainly of beatings and deprivations of all kinds like going around barefoot in winter, and worse, starvation so that they would be forced to steal food to survive.
  • E. Male children were examined at birth by the city council and those deemed too weak to become soldiers were left to die of exposure.
  1. ECDAB
  2. BCDAE
  3. BECDA
  4. ECADB

Ordering of Sentences

The sentences given in question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

  • A. Passivity is not, of course, universal.
  • B. In areas where there are no lords or laws, or in frontier zones where all men go armed, the attitude of the peasantry may well be different.
  • C. So indeed it may be on the fringe of the unsubmissive.
  • D. However, for most of the soil-bound peasants the problem is not whether to be normally passive or active, but when to pass from one state to another.
  • E. This depends on an assessment of the political situation.
  1. BEDAC
  2. ABCDE
  3. EDBAC
  4. CDABE

Ordering of Sentences

The sentences given in question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

  • A. Branded disposable diapers are available at many supermarkets and drug stores.
  • B. If one supermarket sets a higher price for a diaper, customers may buy that brand elsewhere.
  • C. By contrast, the demand for private-label products may be less price sensitive since it is available only at a corresponding supermarket chain.
  • D. So the demand for branded diapers at any particular store may be quite price sensitive.
  • E. For instance, only SavOn Drugs stores sell SavOn Drugs diapers.
  • F. Then stores should set a higher incremental margin percentage for private label diapers.
  1. ABCDEF
  2. AEDBCF
  3. ABCEDF
  4. ADBCEF

Ordering of Sentences

The sentences given in question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

  • A. As officials, their vision of a country shouldn't run too far beyond that of the local people with whom they have to deal.
  • B. Ambassadors have to choose their words.
  • C. To say what they feel they have to say, they appear to be denying or ignoring part of what they know.
  • D. So, with ambassadors as with other expatriates in black Africa, there appears at a first meeting a kind of ambivalence.
  • E. They do a specialized job and it is necessary for them to live ceremonial lives.
  1. BEADC
  2. BCEDA
  3. BEDAC
  4. BCDEA

Ordering of Sentences

The sentences given below, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentence from among the given choices.

  • A. He felt justified in bypassing Congress altogether on a variety of moves.
  • B. At times he was fighting the entire Congress.
  • C. Bush felt he had a mission to restore power to the presidency.
  • D. Bush was not fighting just the democrats.
  • E. Representatives democracy is a messy business, and a CEO of the white House does not like a legislature of second guessers and time wasters.
  1. CAEDB
  2. CEADB
  3. DBAEC
  4. ECDBA

Ordering of Sentences

There are five sentences. The sentence labelled A is in its correct place. The four that follow are labelled B, C, D and E, and need to be arranged in the logical order to form a coherent paragraph. From the given options, choose the most appropriate option.

  • A. In America, highly educated women, who are in stronger position in the labour market than less qualified ones, have higher rates of marriage than other groups.
  • B. Some work supports the Becker thesis, and some appears to contradict it.
  • C. And, as with crime, it is equally inconclusive.
  • D. But regardless of the conclusion of any particular piece of work, it is hard to establish convincing connections between family changes and economic factors using conventional approaches.
  • E. Indeed, just as with crime, an enormous academic literature exists on the validity of the pure economic approach to the evolution of family structures.
  1. BCDE
  2. BDCE
  3. DBEC
  4. ECBD

Ordering of Sentences

The sentences given below, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

  • A. Call it the third wave sweeping the Indian media.
  • B. Now they are starring in a new role, as suave dealmakers who are in a hurry to strike alliances and agreements.
  • C. Look around and you will find a host of deals that have been inked or are ready to be finalized.
  • D. Then the media barons wrested back control from their editors, and turned marketing warriors with the brand as their missile.
  • E. The first came with those magnificent men in their mahogany chambers who took on the world with their mighty fountain pens.
  1. ACBED
  2. CEBDA
  3. AEDBC
  4. CAEBD

Selecting Words

In the following passage, at certain points you are given a choice of three words, one of which fits the meaning of the passage. Choose the best word.

Sometimes the messages are sent with 1. (a) many (b) few (c) no accompanying words and we speak in 2. (a) body (b) signal (c) foreign language alone. But what gestures make 3. (a) with body (b) up (c) into language? Most of us are 4. (a) easy (b) familiar (c) efficient with the common hand gestures. Some 5. (a) students (b) people (c) officers cannot talk without using their hands. 6. (a) We (b) Arms (c) They reach out as they explain almost 7. (a) exacting (b) shaping (c) changing their words, emphasizing and exaggerating and 8. (a) teaching (b) holding (c) punctuating their hands. Other people hardly 9. (a) adjust (b) use  (c) wave their hands at all when they 10. (a) lecture (b) unite (c) talk.

Selecting Words

In the following passage, at certain points you are given a choice of three words, one of which fits the meaning of the passage. Choose the best word.

One of the most interesting new books published recently is "Spaceship' by Prof. E.C. Walker, Our earth he says 1. (a) is (b) have been (c) will be like a spaceship, and all the 400 million people 2. (a) over (b) on (c) upon earth are passengers on it. And we are heading 3. (a) about (b) to (c) towards a disaster. The levels of atmospheric pollution 4. (a) increasing (b) arriving (c) coming in the cities and industrial areas of the world could in time change the weather patterns of the earth, raising the temperature 5. (a) in (b) of (c) for the whole planet. If this rose a few 6. (a) degrees (b) steps (c) miles the deserts of the world would expand to double their size. The polar ice caps would start inching. If the polar ice caps melted, the 7. (a) water (b) ice (c) sea level all over the world would rise 8. (a) in (b) by (c) to about 60 meters. Prof. Walker's 9. (a) idea (b) thought (c) book is not at all about gloom and doom. He admits that the 10. (a) ideas (b) changes (c) solutions he describes could take thousands of years.

Selecting Words

In the following passage, at certain points you are given a choice of three words, one of which fits the meaning of the passage. Choose the best word.

I was engaged in many activities and I wanted a proper reconciliation between my activity and thought. Thought without 1. (a) wish (b) action (c) idea is undeveloped thought. Action without 2. (a) thought (b) wish (c) idea is folly. Of course we 3. (a) never (b) belatedly (c) sometimes act on some impulse or 4. (a) peaceful (b) uncontrollable (c) indisputable urge. If suddenly you through 5. (a) no (b) an (c) a brick at me and my 6. (a) hand (b) wrist (c) finger goes up in front to 7. (a) stimulate (b) rescue (c) protect myself, it is an automatic 8. (a) uncontrollable (b) instinctive (c) impulsive action and not a result 9. (a) to (b) in (c) of deliberate thought. Over living is 10. (a) made (b) conditioned (c) developed by a series of automatic 11. (a) thoughts (b) actions (c) wishes from morning till night. Anything 12. (a) we (b) I (c) they do outside that common range of 13. (a) thoughts (b) ideas (c) actions, however, has to be 14. (a) proceeded (b) preceded (c) followed by some measure of thinking. 15. (a) Some (b) If (c) The more action and thought are 16. (a) developed (b) allied (c) hostile and integrated, the more effective 17. (a) they (b) thoughts (c) we become and the happier you 18. (a) appear (b) develop (c) grow. There will then be no 19. (a) reconciliation (b) conflict (c) inflict between a wish to do something and 20. (a) inability (b) probability (c) plausibility to act.

Selecting Words

In the following passage, at certain points you are given a choice of three words, one of which fits the meaning of the passage. Choose the best word.

According to a report in yesterday's newspaper 1. (a) once (b) a (c) new police dog was taken to Raj Bhavan 2. (a) at (b) next (c) on Monday. This was to trace the 3. (a) killers (b) dogs (c) police of the "very important horse" which 4. (a) has (b) were (c) was reported missing on Sunday. The dog picked 5. (a) on (b) at (c) up the scent on some traces of 6. (a) those (b) blood (c) report and ran a few yards before losing the 7. (a) bet (b) track (c) game. The police have launched a vigorous 8. (a) search (b) investigation (c) campaign into the whole affair. They have 9. (a) given up (b) requisitioned (c) report the services of a forensic expert, 10. (a) a (b) an (c) two fingerprint expert and a photographer. 11. (a) There (b) We (c) So are now fourteen horses at Raj Bhavan 12. (a) who (b) where (c) which are kept in a large shed near the gate.

Ordering of Words

The multi sourcing of

  • P: financial mess with
  • Q: coins led to a
  • R: using their own mix of
  • S: different mints

metals and alloys.

  1. SQRP
  2. QPSR
  3. RPQS
  4. PSRQ

Ordering of Words

In paliopathology

  • P: would be to obtain
  • Q: the fundamental objective
  • R: background information
  • S: as much

on the skeleton as possible.

  1. PRQS
  2. QPSR
  3. SRQP
  4. RPSQ

Ordering of Words

The national unity of a free people

  • P: to make it impracticable
  • Q: for there to be an arbitrary administration
  • R: depends upon a sufficiently even balance of political power
  • S: against a revolutionary opposition that is irreconcilably opposed to it
  1. QRPS
  2. RSPQ
  3. QRSP
  4. RPQS

Ordering of Words

It is very easy

  • P: a great deal more than one realises
  • Q: may mean
  • R: that a phrase that one does not quite understand
  • S: to persuade oneself
  1. SPQR
  2. RSQP
  3. RQPS
  4. SRQP

Ordering of Words

These positive effects vary from genetic changes that

  • P: to other related infections,
  • Q: make us more resistant to the diseases responsible
  • R: for epidemics and
  • S: which have effects on human that are

hard to pin down and quantify.

  1. QRPS
  2. SQPR
  3. PRSQ
  4. RPQS

Ordering of Words

All such students

  • P: get success
  • Q: who are honest and hard-working
  • R: and recognition
  • S: in very walk of life
  1. PSRQ
  2. SPRQ
  3. PRQS
  4. QPRS

Ordering of Words

He was so kind and generous that

  • P: he not only
  • Q: made others do so
  • R: but also
  • S: helped them himself
  1. SPQR
  2. PRSQ
  3. QPRS
  4. PSRQ

Ordering of Words

We must read

  • P: if we want to absorb the fruits of great literature
  • Q: but with concentration
  • R: them not as we do cricket stories
  • S: undefined
  1. QPSR
  2. PRQS
  3. PSQR
  4. PRSQ

Ordering of Words

It has been established that

  • P: Einstein was
  • Q: although a great scientist
  • R: weak in arithmetic
  • S: right from his school days
  1. SRPQ
  2. QPRS
  3. RQPS
  4. QPSR

Ordering of Words

Education is

  • P: of the proper sense of responsibilities
  • Q: the first need
  • R: in a citizen
  • S: for the development
  1. SQPR
  2. QSRP
  3. QSPR
  4. PQRS

Spotting Errors

Each question has a sentence with parts A, B and C. Read each sentence to find out whether there is an error in any part.

  1. A man jumped
  2. in the river
  3. in a state of depression.
  4. No error

Spotting Errors

Each question has a sentence with parts A, B and C. Read each sentence to find out whether there is an error in any part.

  1. These are the ideas and ideals  
  2. which have shaped
  3. our economic thought in the past.
  4. No error

Spotting Errors

Each question has a sentence with parts A, B and C. Read each sentence to find out whether there is an error in any part.

  1. The two friends walked
  2. besides each other
  3. in silence.
  4. No error

Spotting Errors

Each question has a sentence with parts A, B and C. Read each sentence to find out whether there is an error in any part.

  1. It was so lovely weather
  2. that we spent
  3. the whole day in the garden.
  4. No error

Spotting Errors

Each question has a sentence with parts A, B and C. Read each sentence to find out whether there is an error in any part.

  1. The sudden change
  2. of place  
  3. effected her health.
  4. No error

Spotting Errors

Each question has a sentence with parts A, B and C. Read each sentence to find out whether there is an error in any part.

  1. Although there are some similarities
  2. in the qualification of both the candidates
  3. the differences among them are considerably pronounced.
  4. No error

Spotting Errors

Each question has a sentence with parts A, B and C. Read each sentence to find out whether there is an error in any part.

  1. Now we have banks
  2. and people deposit there money their,
  3. and draw it out by cheques.
  4. No error

Spotting Errors

Each question has a sentence with parts A, B and C. Read each sentence to find out whether there is an error in any part.

  1. There are a number of people
  2. of every class and nationality
  3. who doubts the truth of his statement.
  4. No error

Spotting Errors

Each question has a sentence with parts A, B and C. Read each sentence to find out whether there is an error in any part.

  1. Neither the teacher  
  2. or the student
  3. is keen on joining the dance.
  4. No error

Spotting Errors

Each question has a sentence with parts A, B and C. Read each sentence to find out whether there is an error in any part.

  1. He goes
  2. to college
  3. by foot everyday.
  4. no error

Spotting Errors

Each question has a sentence with parts A, B and C. Read each sentence to find out whether there is an error in any part.

  1. My neighbour Deepak
  2. is a person
  3. that will help anyone.
  4. No error

Fill Blanks L1

The salt spray has gradually ___ the bridge.

  1. spoilt
  2. ravaged
  3. demolished
  4. eroded

Fill Blanks L1

The volcanic ___ was the cause of great devastation.

  1. outburst
  2. eruption
  3. erosion
  4. movement

Fill Blanks L1

Can you pay ___ all these articles?

  1. out
  2. of
  3. for
  4. off

Fill Blanks L1

He may not come, but we'll get ready in case he ___ .

  1. may
  2. will
  3. shall
  4. does

Fill Blanks L1

He is quite ___ ; you can never count on him in matters of secrecy.

  1. unjust
  2. unbearable
  3. inefficient
  4. unreliable

Fill Blanks L1

The Governor will ___ the oath of office to the thirty-five new ministers at 9.30 p.m. tomorrow.

  1. confer
  2. present
  3. execute
  4. administer

Fill Blanks L1

Most of the students have forgotten to bring their certificates; they will be ___ by the Principal for this reason.

  1. reproached
  2. abused
  3. accused
  4. reprimanded

Sentence Improvement L1

Fifty miles are a long distance to walk.

  1. is
  2. become
  3. be
  4. No improvement

Sentence Improvement L1

Anil ought not to tell me your secret, but he did.

  1. to be telling
  2. tell
  3. to have told
  4. No improvement

Sentence Improvement L1

We now come to the important question of where this great swarm of galaxies have come from.

  1. have come
  2. has come from
  3. are coming from
  4. No improvement

Sentence Improvement L1

Babu asked his friend, "Where you went yesterday?"

  1. "Where did you go yesterday?"
  2. "Where you had gone yesterday?"
  3. "Where you did go yesterday?"
  4. No improvement

Sentence Improvement L1

I am living in this town since 1980.

  1. was living
  2. shall live
  3. have been living
  4. No improvement

Sentence Improvement L1

Ramachandra Murthy and his family have been in Guyana from 1985.

  1. since
  2. about
  3. on
  4. No improvement